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The Glass Analysis - Grasp

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The Glass Analysis
Sandra Schwartz and
Cara Stromberg
When Do You Use Glass Analysis?
• When a student has difficulty decoding
words
• Decoding: breaking down a word into its’
speech sounds (sounding it out)
• Pre-requisite skill to comprehension
• When an individual can decode fluently,
he/she has the ability to comprehend
what he/she has read
An Example
Individual Letters to Clusters
• Instead of decoding individual letters,
clusters should be taught
• Cluster patterns are found at the
beginning, middle, and/or end of a word
• Ex. “Spring”
– S-P-R-I-N-G vs. SPR-ING
Generalizing the Clusters
• Need to perceive distinctive features in
words (e.g., “spr” or “ing”)
• Must compare and contrast cluster
patterns (e.g., “sp” vs. “spr”)
• Identification process is transferred to
new words (e.g., “spring” vs. “bring”)
The Glass Analysis
• “active stimulus response process that
is controlled by the teacher” (Miccinati,
2001, p. 140)
• Standardized teaching method for
teaching distinctive clusters within
words
Steps to Learn Letter Clusters
1.
Teacher presents word
in print, while saying it
2. Student looks at word,
while saying it
3. Teacher gives sounds
of letters and asks
which letters
represent the sounds
4. The student responds
5. Teachers says the
letters and asks for
the sounds
6. Student responds
7. Teacher asks the
student what the word
is and the student
responds with the
entire word
*if process breaks down,
go back to step 1
Tips for Success
• Teacher must engage student in the
process at all time
• Student must attend to word card
throughout the intervention
• Meaningful letter clusters should not be
broken up, and the whole word should be
presented
• Consistent PRAISE and
REINFORCEMENT is key!!!
Practitioner Feedback
• “With Glass-Analysis the kids are now actually reading, where
before we all got bogged down just learning rules. In particular
the 4th and 5th graders are proud to show visitors their new
found success in reading aloud. Reading is a whole new thing to
them." Barbara Bass (Reading teacher in Florida)
• "It gives all children…an opportunity to feel instant success. My
students are no longer intimidated by unknown �big’ words, and
their spelling usually improves, too. Parents comment on the
positive decoding progress their children make." Roslyn Brooks
(Resource room teacher, Queens, NY)
• "One method stands above all others for its functional simplicity
and compatibility with the research of the past on word
recognition. It is Glass-Analysis." Dr. Anthony Manzo (Professor
of Reading and SPED, Kansas City)
Glass Analysis Materials
Kits Include:
• Kits organized by difficulty
–
–
–
–
Starters
Mediums
Harders
Completers
–
–
–
–
Cluster cards
Teacher guide
Follow-through practice books
Across word puzzles
• Each kit includes:
Cost of Glass Analysis
• Each Kit: $78.75
• Complete Set: $300.00
• Can purchase individual materials
separately
• Can also make your own for free!
Questions??
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