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LESSON Color Theory - Rachel Edwards Studio

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Color Theory
The 3 “Parts” of Color
• 1 – HUE
• 2 – VALUE
• 3 - INTENSITY
HUE
• HUE - This is what we usually mean when
we ask "what color is that?" The property
of color that we are actually asking about is
"hue". For example, when we talk about
colors that are red, yellow, green, and blue,
we are talking about the �hues’.
• A hue is a color at its FULL INTENSITY;
basically, it’s place on the full color wheel
VALUE
(color has value too!)
• The lightness or darkness of the hue
• SHADE – a color to which BLACK has
been added
• TINT – a color to which WHITE has been
added
INTENSITY * SATURATION
• the BRIGHTNESS or DULLNESS
(strength or weakness) of a color.
• Ex. Pure blue is very intense…when you
add a lighter or darker color to blue it
makes the blue less intense
• Mixing a color with its complimentary
color reduces the intensity and brings the
hue towards gray:
The Color Wheel
& Relationships
Primary colors are…..
Red
Blue
Yellow
Secondary colors are….
Orange
Green
Violet
Tertiary colors
Achieved by mixing
a PRIMARY color
and a SECONDARY
color
You name these with
the PRIMARY color
first…..red-orange,
yellow-orange,
yellow-green
Complementary Colors are…..
ACROSS from each other on the color wheel
Analogous Colors are…
Side by side on the color wheel, (3-5 colors)
Pick a color, and the analogous colors are the
ones to each side of it.
Monochromatic means…
A ONE-colored color scheme.
Pick ONE color – add white and black to it
(tints and shades).
More complex relationships…
SPLIT COMPLEMENT
TRIAD
Color Temperature
WARM Colors
• Red, orange, yellow
• They appear on one
side of the color wheel,
and opposite the cool
colors.
• Optically, warm colors
generally appear to
advance, coming
toward the viewer
COOL Colors
• Green, blue, violet
• Opposite the
warm colors on
the color wheel
• Tend to recede, or
go back, into
space
Mood and Atmosphere
• Warm colors are often associated with fire and
the sun. They appear on one side of the color
wheel, and opposite the cool colors.
• Psychologically, these colors evoke emotions
ranging from feelings of warmth and comfort to
feelings of anger and hostility - they are said to
be stimulating and passionate.
• Do you feel anxious in a yellow room? What
other emotions are associated with WARM
COLORS?
• Cool colors are often associated with ice, water,
and coldness. They appear on one side of the
color wheel, and opposite the warm colors.
• Psychologically, cool colors are often described
as calming or soothing, but can also call to mind
feelings of sadness or indifference.
• Does the color blue make you feel calm and
relaxed? What other emotions are associated with
COOL COLORS?
• Feelings about color can also be deeply
personal and are often rooted in your own
experience or culture.
• For example, while the color white is used
in many Western countries to represent
purity and innocence, it is seen as a symbol
of mourning in many Eastern countries.
Hints
• When mixing…start with LIGHTER color and
add small amounts of the darker color
• Make sure your colors are in the CORRECT
order on your color wheel – check to see that
when you squint you see a progression and that
no two colors are too �close’ in hue to each other
• You should ONLY be using the primary colors of
paint and MIXING all others!!
I’d like you to….
• CONSERVE PAINT – only pour out small
amounts at a time!
• Use good CRAFTSMANSHIP!!!!!!
• CLEAN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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