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Fashion B: Standard 08.0101.09 Elements of Color

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Fashion B: Standard 08.0101.09
Elements of Color
By: Kris Caldwell
Timpanogos High School
COLOR
• Color symbolism: Certain colors come to
“mean” something.
• Ex: “Green with envy” or “feeling blue”
• Some common Psychological
Associations of color are:
Red:
Hot
Dangerous
Angry
Passionate
Sentimental
Exciting
Vibrant
Aggressive
Orange:
Lively
Cheerful
Joyous
Warm
Energetic
Hopeful
Hospitable
Yellow:
Bright
Sunny
Cheerful
Warm
Prosperous
Cowardly
Deceitful
Green
Calm
Cool
Fresh
Friendly
Pleasant
Balanced
Lucky
Restful
Immature
Blue
Peaceful
Calm
Restful
Truthful
Esteemed
Tranquil
Formal
Sad
Violet
Royal
Dignified
Powerful
Rich
Dominating
Mysterious
Wise
Passionate
White
Innocent
Youthful
Faithful
Pure
Peaceful
Black
Mysterious
Dignified
Tragic
Silent
Serious
Old
Sad
Sophisticated
Gray
Modest
Sad
Old
Efficient
Color Terms
• Hue: The name given to a color, such as
red, yellow, green, or violet. It
distinguishes one color from another
• Value: The lightness or darkness of a
color. The values of colors range on a
gradation scale from white to almost black.
• Intensity: The brightness or dullness of a
color. Very strong colors are said to have
high intensity. Intensity can be lowered by
mixing a color with it’s compliment.
Color Wheel
Color Wheel
• Primary Hues: Red, yellow, blue. Cannot be
made from any other color. All other colors
can be made by mixing the primary colors.
Color Wheel
• Secondary Hues: Orange, green, purple.
Made by mixing equal parts of 2 primary
colors.
Color Wheel
• Intermediate Hues (also called Tertiary).
Made by mixing equal parts of adjoining
primary and secondary colors. Usually
named with primary color first. Ex: Bluegreen
Color Schemes
• Monochromatic Color Scheme: One-color
plan that uses different tints, shades, and
intensities of the same hue.
Color Schemes
• Analogous Color Scheme: Uses
neighboring, or adjacent colors on the
color wheel.
Color Schemes
• Complementary Color Scheme: Uses
opposite hues on the color wheel.
Complementary colors are across from
each other on the wheel. They have great
contrast and look brighter when used sideby-side.
Color Schemes
• Split-Complementary Color Scheme: Uses
three colors. It combines one color with
the two colors on the sides of its
complement. Ex: blue with yellow-orange
and yellow green.
Color Schemes
• Triad Color Scheme: Three colors
equidistant on the wheel. Ex: red, yellow,
blue OR orange, green, purple.
Personal Seasonal Coloring
• Four Main Categories
– Winter (cool undertones)
– Spring (warm undertones)
– Summer (cool undertones)
– Autumn (warm undertones)
Personal Seasonal Coloring
•
Winter: The largest number of
people in the world are of the
winter season type. Their
ancestry is Asian, Indian,
Polynesian, South American
African, or Southern
European. Their skin has a
cool (blue) undertone. Their
hair is usually dark and may
turn gray prematurely. Most
have brown eyes. Any colors
with blue undertones are
recommended.
Personal Seasonal Coloring
• Spring: Their heritage
is from Scandinavia,
Britain, and Northern
Europe. Hair is flaxen
or strawberry blond to
medium or reddishbrown. Most have blue
eyes. Skin has a warm
(yellow) undertone.
They should wear
clothes with yellow
undertones. Medium to
light colors are better
than dark shades.
Personal Seasonal Coloring
• Summer: People in this
category also have
backgrounds from
Scandinavia and
Northern Europe. They
have rosy, delicate
coloring with a blue
undertone. They may
blush or sunburn easily.
Blue eyes are most
common. Their skin has
cool coloring. They
should wear dusty,
muted shades with blue
or rose undertones.
Personal Seasonal Coloring
• Autumn: People of this
type are from many
diverse racial
backgrounds. Redheaded
Irish are typical of this
category. People with
dark skin tones are
autumns if they have a
truly golden undertone.
They have reddish
highlights in hair ranging
from blond to dark
chestnut brown. Their
eyes are usually brown,
but some are green, hazel
or blue-green. They
should wear strong, but
dusty colors with orange
and yellow undertones.
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