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Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing in Sales

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Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing (DIMP)
SAP Best Practices for
Fabricated Metals V1.603
(France)
SAP Best Practices
Scenario Overview - 1
Purpose and Benefits:
Purpose
This Business Scenario, Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing, represents the Business Process
for Supply of Non-Ferrous materials as regards price determination in both
purchasing and sales within the logistic chain.
Benefits
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This enables you to quickly react and adapt to short term changes in pricing
determination due to Stock Exchange rates fluctuations.
Key process flows covered
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В© SAP 2008 / Page 2
Definition of a NF material containing the non-ferrous metal Ferrochrome
Definition of different base values specific to the non-ferrous metal
Definition of different rate determination methods based on business requirements
Mapping of default values in master data, purchasing and sales documents
Definition of prices
Definition of Pricing Agreements (Coverage)
Supply of Non-Ferrous metals provided by customers
Scenario Overview - 2
SAP Applications Required:
Required
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SAP ECC 6.0 EhP3
Company roles involved in process flows
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В© SAP 2008 / Page 3
Administrator
Sales Administration
Buyer
Purchasing Manager
Warehouse Clerk
Accounts Payable Accountant
Sales Billing
Accounts Receivable Accountant
Scenario Overview - 3
Detailed Process Description:
Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing (DIMP)
This scenario describes how to manage Non-ferrous metals (NF
metals) rates fluctuations, as they are traded on Stock
Exchanges. Materials that contain non-ferrous metals are
described as non-ferrous materials (NF materials).
This Business Scenario, Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing, represents
the Business Process for Supply of Non-Ferrous materials as
regards price determination in both purchasing and sales
within the logistic chain. This enables you to quickly react and
adapt to short term changes in price determination.
There are various different rate determination methods available
for non-ferrous metals in the business scenario, for example :
fixed rates, key date rates, average rates and pricing
agreements.
This scenario is for DIMP only.
В© SAP 2008 / Page 4
NF Metal Pricing – Calculation of Prices using
Base key C1 (1/2)
пЃ®
You sell a product that is partly made of non-ferrous components (such as : gold,
ferrochrome, ..) and you want to share the risk of the volatile Stock Exchange rate
changes of these non-ferrous components with your customer.
Example:
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You have a material with one non-ferrous component : „FerroChrome“.
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You apply the following pricing strategy : see next slide for a graphical
representation
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PR00 = Price list for Customer 100099 = 350 EUR per 100 M.
You fix the base key for the Ferrochrome at 1500 EUR per 1000 M (=> the order base value = 150 EUR/100M).
Knowing that value, you sell your finished product at 350 EUR per 100 M. The Stock rate fluctuations of the
„Ferrochrome“ will be taken into account via the „YMCH“ condition.
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„YMCH“ = Net Rate
The Net Rate is calculated dynamically and is influenced by the actual Stock Exchange rate of the
Ferrochrome.
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On the day of the order creation:
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The Stock Exchange value of Ferrochrome rises to 3000 EUR per 1000 M. This corresponds to 300 EUR/100M
and this reflects an increase of the order base value of 150 EUR / 100 M. The total order value will be 350 EUR
(PR00) + 150 EUR (YMCH) per 100 M.
В© SAP 2008 / Page 5
NF Metal Pricing – Calculation of Prices using
Base key C1 (2/2)
EUR
500
450
400
350
Net value
(YMCH)
considering NF
rate fluctuations
300
250
Initial Net
price
200
(PR00)
including
NF base
value
150
100
50
Final Net price (PR00)
including
actual NF Ferrochrome
rate
Base value (NF
value already
included
in price list)
0
REMARKS:
Initial pricelist date
Order creation date
пѓ�
In the net rate calculation, a rounding is applied to the third decimal
пѓ�
YMCH can also be negative in case that the stock price drops below the agreed base value of 1500
EUR/1000M.
В© SAP 2008 / Page 6
Process Flow Diagram
Purchasing
Manager
Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing in Purchasing (DIMP)
No
Yes
Purchase
Order (PO)
Buyer
Yes
Approve
Purchas
e Order
(Optional)
Display History
of Coverage in
Purchase
agree on
coverag
e with
vendor
?
No
Change
Purchase
Order
PO
Appro
val
require
d?
No
Print
Purchase
Order
Send
Purchase
Order (to
Vendor)
Stock GR/IR
PPV
Accounts
Payable
Ware-house
Clerk
Yes
GR/IR = Goods Receipt/Invoice Receipt, PPV = Purchase Price Variance
В© SAP 2008 / Page 7
Print GR Slip
Accounts Payment
(158)
Receive Goods
from Vendor to
the Purchase
Order
GR/IR PPV
Small differences
Use tax payable Vendor
Invoice
Receipt by
Line Item
Process Flow Diagram
Yes
Create sales
Order
(Optional)
Display History
of Coverage in
Sales
Warehouse Clerk
Sales Administration
Customer
Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing in Sales (DIMP)
Order
Confirmation
Delivery Note
Billing
Document
Change sales
Order with new
Rate
Determination
Key
agree on
coverag
e with
custome
r?
Delivery Due
List
Post Goods
Issue
Pick List
Inventory
COGS
Sales
Billing
Yes
No
Accounts
Receivable
Billing
AR–Incoming
Payment
(157)
AR= Accounts Receivable, COGS = Cost of Goods Sold
В© SAP 2008 / Page 8
Closing
Operations
SD (203)
Legend
<Function>
Symbol
Description
Usage
Comments
Band: Identifies a user role, such as Accounts
Payable Clerk or Sales Representative. This band
can also identify an organization unit or group,
rather than a specific role.
Role band
contains tasks
common to that
role.
Symbol
Diagram
Connection
The other process flow symbols in this table go into
these rows. You have as many rows as required to
cover all of the roles in the scenario.
Hardcopy /
Document
External
to SAP
External Events: Contains events that start or end the
scenario, or influence the course of events in the
scenario.
Business
Activity /
Event
Flow line (solid): Line indicates the normal sequence
of steps and direction of flow in the scenario.
Flow line (dashed): Line indicates flow to infrequentlyused or conditional tasks in a scenario. Line can
also lead to documents involved in the process flow.
Connects two
tasks in a
scenario
process or a
non-step event
Business Activity / Event: Identifies an action that
either leads into or out of the scenario, or an outside
Process that happens during the scenario
Does not
correspond to a
task step in the
document
Unit Process: Identifies a task that is covered in a
step-by-step manner in the scenario
Corresponds to
a task step in
the document
SubProcess
Reference
Proces
s
Decisio
n
В© SAP 2008 / Page 9
Usage Comments
To next / From last Diagram: Leads
to the next / previous page of the
Diagram
Flow chart continues on the next /
previous page
Hardcopy / Document: Identifies a
printed document, report, or form
Does not correspond to a task
step in a document; instead, it is
used to reflect a document
generated by a task step; this
shape does not have any outgoing
flow lines
Financial Actuals: Indicates a
financial posting document
Does not correspond to a task
step in a document; instead, it is
used to reflect a document
generated by a task step; this
shape does not have any outgoing
flow lines
Budget Planning: Indicates a
budget planning document
Does not correspond to a task
step in a document; instead, it is
used to reflect a document
generated by a task step; this
shape does not have any outgoing
flow lines
Manual Process: Covers a task
that is manually done
Does not generally correspond to
a task step in a document;
instead, it is used to reflect a task
that is manually performed, such
as unloading a truck in the
warehouse, which affects the
process flow.
Existing Version / Data: This block
covers data that feeds in from an
external process
Does not generally correspond to
a task step in a document;
instead, this shape reflects data
coming from an external source;
this step does not have any
incoming flow lines
System Pass / Fail Decision: This
block covers an automatic
decision made by the software
Does not generally correspond to
a task step in the document;
instead it is used to reflect an
automatic decision by the system
that is made after a step has been
executed.
Financial
Actuals
Budget
Planning
Manual
Proces
s
Unit Process
Process
Reference
Description
Process Reference: If the scenario references another
scenario in total, put the scenario number and name
here.
Sub-Process Reference: If the scenario references
another scenario in part, put the scenario number,
name, and the step numbers from that scenario here
Process Decision: Identifies a decision / branching
point, signifying a choice to be made by the end
user. Lines represent different choices emerging
from different parts of the diamond.
Corresponds to
a task step in
the document
Corresponds to
a task step in
the document
Does not
usually
correspond to a
task step in the
document;
Reflects a
choice to be
made after step
execution
Existing
Version /
Data
System
Pass/F
ail
Decisio
n
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