close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Magnesium metal is added to nitrogen gas

код для вставкиСкачать
Magnesium
metal is added
to nitrogen gas
3 Mg + N2 п‚® Mg3N2
Synthesis
Excess chlorine
gas is passed over
hot iron filings
3 Cl2 + 2 Fe п‚® 2FeCl3
Synthesis
The gases boron
trifluoride and
ammonia are
mixed
BF3 + NH3 п‚® F3BNH3
Synthesis(Lewis Acid-Base
Reaction)
Solid zinc strips
are added to a
solution of
copper(II) sulfate
Zn +
2+
Cu
п‚®
2+
Zn
+ Cu
Single replacement
A mixture of
powdered iron(III)
oxide and powdered
aluminum metal is
heated strongly
Fe2O3 + 2Al п‚® Al2O3 + 2Fe
Single Replacement
Chlorine gas is
bubbled into a
solution of
sodium bromide
Cl2 +
2Br
п‚®
2Cl
+ Br2
Single Replacement
Solid calcium is
added to warm
water
Ca + 2HOH п‚®
2+
Ca
+
2OH
+ H2
Single Replacement
Calcium metal is
added to a dilute
solution of
hydrochloric acid
Ca +
+
2H
п‚®
2+
Ca
+ H2
Single Replacement
Aluminum metal is
added to a solution
of copper(II)
chloride
2Al +
2+
3Cu
п‚®
3+
2Al
+ 3Cu
Single Replacement
A solution of
tin(II) sulfate is
added to a solution
of iron(III) sulfate
2+
Sn
+
3+
2Fe
п‚®
4+
Sn
Redox
+
2+
2Fe
A solution of tin(II)
chloride is added to
an acidified solution
of potassium
permanganate
2MnO4 п‚®
4+
2+
5Sn + 2Mn + 8HOH
2+
5Sn +
+
16H +
Redox
-
A solution of sodium
iodide is added to an
acidified (sulfuric
acid) solution of
potassium dichromate
6I
+
+
13H
п‚® 3I2 +
-
+ HSO4 +
3+
2Cr
2Cr2O7
+ 7H2O +
2SO4
Redox
A solution of
sodium bromide is
added to an
acidified solution of
potassium bromate
5Br
+
+ BrO3 п‚®
3Br2 + 3H2O
+
6H
Redox
-
An acidified solution
of potassium
permanganate is
added to a solution of
sodium sulfite
+ 2MnO4 + 5SO3 п‚®
2+
22Mn + 5SO4 + 3 H2O
+
6H
-
Redox
2-
Acidified potassium
permanganate is
added to a solution
of sodium nitrite
-+
+
6H
-
2MnO4
+ 5NO2 ->
2+
2Mn + 3H2O + 5NO3
Redox
Potassium
permanganate
solution is added to
concentrated
hydrochloric acid
2MnO4
+
п‚®
2+
2Mn + 5Cl2 + 8H2O
-+
+
16H
Redox
10Cl
A solution of
potassium iodide is
added to an acidified
solution of potassium
dichromate
6I
+
+
14H
3I +
+ Cr2O7
3+
2Cr
2-п‚®
+ 7H2O
Redox
Magnesium turnings
are added to a
solution of iron(III)
chloride
Mg +
3+
2Fe п‚®
2+
Mg
Redox
+
2+
2Fe
Iron(III) ions are
reduced by iodide
ions
3+
2Fe
+
2I п‚®
2+
2Fe +
Redox
I2
Powdered iron is
added to a
solution of
iron(III) sulfate
Fe +
3+
2Fe п‚®
Redox
2+
3Fe
Hydrogen peroxide
is added to an
acidified solution
of sodium bromide
H2O2 +
+
2H +
2Br п‚®
Br2 + 2H2O
Redox
Hydrogen peroxide
is added to an
acidified solution of
potassium
dichromate
+
8H +
2-п‚®
3H2O2 +
Cr2O7
3+
2Cr + 7H2O + 3O2
Redox
Hydrogen gas is
passed over hot
iron(III) oxide
3H2 + Fe2O3п‚®
2Fe + 3H2O
Redox
Hydrogen gas is
passed over hot
iron(II) oxide
powder
H2 + FeOп‚® Fe + H2O
Redox
Concentrated
hydrochloric acid
solution is added to
solid manganese(IV)
oxide and the reactants
are heated
+
4H +
2Cl +
MnO2п‚®
Cl2 +
2+
Mn
+ 2H2O
Redox
A strip of copper
metal is added to a
concentrated solution
of sulfuric acid
Cu +
2+
Cu
+
4H +
2-п‚®
SO4
+ H2O + H2SO3
Redox
A strip of copper
is immersed in a
nitric acid
solution
-п‚®
Cu +
+
4H +
2+
Cu
+ 2NO2 + 2H2O
2NO3
Redox
Chlorine gas is
bubbled into a cold,
dilute solution of
potassium
hydroxide
Cl2 +
ClO +
2OH п‚®
Cl
+ H2O
Redox
Propene gas is
mixed with
bromine vapor
C3H6 + Br2п‚® C3H6Br2
Organic (addition)
Methane gas is
heated with an
excess of chlorine
gas
CH4 + Cl2п‚®
CH3Cl + HCl
Organic (substitution)
Ethanol and
formic acid
(methanoic acid)
are mixed and
warmed
C2H5OH + HCOOHп‚®
HCOOC2H5 + H2O
Organic (esterification)
Benzene is treated
with bromine in
the presence of a
catalyst
Br2 + C6H6 п‚®
C6H5Br + HBr
Organic (substitution)
Glacial acetic acid
is mixed with
liquid methanol
(nonaqueous)
CH3COOH +CH3OHп‚®
CH3COOCH3 + H2O
Organic (esterification)
Excess concentrated
sulfuric acid is
added to solid
calcium phosphate
+
3H +
3HSO4
+ Ca3(PO4)2п‚®
3CaSO4 + 2H3PO4
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Trisodium
phosphate crystals
are added to water
Na3PO4 + H2O п‚®
+
3Na +
OH
+ HPO4
2-
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solutions of
sodium fluoride
and dilute
hydrochloric acid
are mixed
F
+
+
H п‚®
HF
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Equal volumes of
dilute equimolar
solutions of sodium
carbonate and
hydrochloric acid are
mixed
2CO3
+
+
Hп‚®
HCO3
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solutions of silver
nitrate and sodium
chromate are
mixed
+
2Ag +
2CrO4 п‚®
Ag2CrO4
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solutions of
tripotassium
phosphate and zinc
nitrate are mixed
2+
3Zn +
3- п‚®
2PO4
Zn3(PO4)2
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solutions of
manganese (II)
sulfate and
ammonium sulfide
are mixed
2+
Mn
+
2S п‚®
MnS
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solid lithium hydride is added to
distilled water
LiH + H2Oп‚®
+
Li +
OH +
H2
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Hydrogen sulfide
gas is bubbled
through a solution
of potassium
hydroxide
H2S +
2S
2OH п‚®
+ 2H2O
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Hydrogen sulfide
gas is added to a
solution of
cadmium nitrate
H2S +
2+
Cd п‚®
CdS +
+
2H
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Dilute
hydrochloric acid
is added to a
solution of
potassium sulfite
+
2H
+
2SO3 п‚®
H2O + SO2
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Dilute
hydrochloric acid
is added to a dilute
solution of
mercury(I) nitrate
2Cl
+
2+
Hg2 п‚®
Hg2Cl2
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Concentrated
hydrochloric acid
is added to solid
manganese(II)
sulfide
+
2H +
MnSп‚®
H2S +
2+
Mn
Metathesis (double
replacement)
A solution of
copper(II) sulfate
is added to a
solution of barium
hydroxide
2+
Cu +
2SO4
+
2+
Ba +
2OH п‚®
Cu(OH)2 + BaSO4
Metathesis (double
replacement)
A solution of
copper(II) chloride
is added to a
solution of sodium
sulfide
2+
Cu
+
2S п‚®
CuS
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solid calcium
phosphate is
added to excess
hydrochloric acid
+
6H п‚®
Ca3(PO4)2 +
2+
2H3PO4 + 3Ca
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solid barium
peroxide is added
to cold dilute
sulfuric acid
+
H +
-п‚®
BaO2 +
HSO4
BaSO4 + H2O2
Metathesis (double
replacement)
Solid barium
carbonate is added
to an excess of
dilute nitric acid
+
2H п‚®
BaCO3 +
2+
Ba + H2O + CO2
Metathesis (double
replacement)
A solution of
ammonium sulfate is
added to a saturated
solution of barium
hydroxide
NH4
++
2-
2+
Ba
OH
SO4 +
+
п‚®
BaSO4 + NH3 + H2O
Metathesis (double
replacement)
A dilute solution of
sulfuric acid is
electrolyzed
between platinum
electrodes
2H2Oп‚® 2H2 + O2
Electrolysis
A solution of
potassium iodide
is electrolyzed
2I
+ 2H2O п‚®
I 2 + H2 +
2OH
Electrolysis
A solution of
copper(II) sulfate
is electrolyzed
using inert
electrodes
2+
2Cu +
2H2O п‚®
2Cu + O2 +
+
4H
Electrolysis
Solid potassium
chlorate is heated in
the presence of
manganese dioxide
as a catalyst
2KClO3п‚® 2KCl + 3O2
Decomposition
A solution of
hydrogen peroxide
is catalytically
decomposed
2H2O2п‚® 2H2O + O2
Decomposition
Solid calcium
sulfite is heated in
a vacuum
CaSO3п‚® CaO + SO2
Decomposition
Solid ammonium
carbonate is
heated
(NH4)2CO3 п‚®
2NH3 + CO2 + H2O
Decomposition
Excess concentrated
sodium hydroxide
solution is added to
solid aluminum
hydroxide
OH
+ Al(OH)3 п‚®
[Al(OH)4]
Complex ion
Excess hydrochloric
acid is added to a
solution of
diamminesilver(I)
nitrate
+
2H
+
Cl
+ [Ag(NH3)2
п‚®
+
AgCl + 2NH4
Complex ion
+
]
A solution of
ammonium
triocyanate is added
to a solution of
iron(III) chloride
3+
Fe
SCN п‚®
+
2+
[FeSCN]
[or
3[Fe(SCN)6] ]
Complex ion
A concentrated
solution of
ammonia is added
to a solution of
zinc iodide
4NH3 +
2+
Zn п‚®
2+
]
[Zn(NH3)4
Complex ion
A concentrated
solution of
ammonia is added
to a suspension of
zinc hydroxide
4NH3 + Zn(OH)2 п‚®
[Zn(NH3)4
2+
]
+
2OH
Complex ion
Aqueous
ammonia is added
to solid silver
chloride
2NH3 + AgCl п‚®
+
]
[Ag(NH3)2 +
Complex ion
Cl
A solution of
diamminesilver(I)
chloride is treated
with dilute nitric
acid
+
]
[Ag(NH3)2 +
Cl
+
п‚®
+
AgCl + 2NH4
Complex ions
+
2H
Solid zinc sulfide
is heated in an
excess of oxygen
2ZnS + 3O2 п‚®
2ZnO + 2SO2
Combustion
Lithium metal is
burned in air
4Li + O2 п‚® 2Li2O
Combustion
Ethene gas is
burned in air
C2H4 + 3O2 п‚®
2CO2 + 2H2O
Combustion
Ethanol is burned
in oxygen
2C2H5OH + 6O2 п‚®
4CO2 + 6H2O
Combustion
Solid copper(II)
sulfide is heated
strongly in
oxygen gas
CuS + O2 п‚® Cu + SO2
Combustion
Carbon disulfide
vapor is burned in
excess oxygen
CS2 + 3O2 п‚®
CO2 + 2SO2
Combustion
A piece of solid
bismuth is heated
strongly in
oxygen
4Bi + 3O2 п‚® 2Bi2O3
Combustion
Sulfur trioxide gas
is added to excess
water
SO3 + H2Oп‚®
+
H + HSO4
Acetic anhydride
Sulfur dioxide gas
is passed over
solid calcium
oxide
SO2 + CaOп‚® CaSO3
Anhydride
Phosphorus(V)
oxide powder is
sprinkled over
distilled water
P4O10 (or P2O5) + 6H2Oп‚®
4H3PO4
Acetic anhydride
Solid dinitrogen
pentoxide is
added to water
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
60
Размер файла
228 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа