close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Презентация

код для вставкиСкачать
MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ECOLOGY
FEDERAL SERVICE FOR SUPERVISION OF NATURAL RESOURSCES USE
Waste management in Russian Federation
Chief
Vladimir Vladimirovich Kirillov
Belgium
28 October 2010
General situation in waste management
• Currently, in the territory of the Russian Federation in waste dumps and
stockpiles are accumulated more than 94 billion tons of solid waste
• Over the past 5 years the total amount of waste produced in Russia increased
by 1.5 times
Type of waste
extraction of fuel
and energy
minerals
non-ferrous metals
17%
54%
12%
16%
other waste,
including utilities
ferrous metal
2
Assessment of volumes of MSW and secondary resources for several cities of Russia
Volume
of waste
Volume
of SDW
Ferrous
metal
PE
(t/year)
Waste
paper
(t/year)
Base
metal
Glass
(t/year)
LPP+
HPP
(t/year)
(t/year)
(t/year)
(t/year)
(t/year)
1 311 000
307 026
220 336
10
2 625
3 935
4 320
551
10 492
Samara
1 158 100
271 218
271 218
9 269
2319
3 476
3816
487
9 269
Omsk
1 133 900
265 550
190 571
9 075
2 270
3 403
3 737
476
9 075
Rostov
1 070 200
250 632
179 866
8 565
2 143
3 212
3 527
450
8 565
Ufa
1 047 600
245 340
176 067
8 384
2 097
3 144
3 452
440
8 384
Volgograd
1 012 800
237 190
170 218
8 106
2 028
3 040
3 338
426
8 106
Perm
1 100 000
257 611
184 874
8 804
2 202
3 301
3 625
462
8 804
Ykaterinburg
1 293 000
302 810
217311
10
2 589
3 881
4 261
543
10 348
Kaluga
334 750
78 396
56 261
2 679
670
1 005
1 103
141
2 679
Tver
408 900
95 761
68 723
3 273
819
1 227
1 348
172
3 273
10977250
2570285
1844916
87853
21897
32945
36175
4612
87853
City
Population
N.Novgorod
Total
Note:
PE – polyethylene
LPP – Low-pressure polyethylene
HPP – high-pressure polyethylene
3
Disposal and utilization of MSW
5243
6000
5000
4000
39
3000
1699
40
2000
35
576
30
1000
25
0
MSW landfills
Industrial waste
disposal facilities
Illegal dumps
20
15
10
7
5
5
0
Incinerators
Trash recycling
plants
Waste sorting
complexes
4
The most widely used ways of storing and processing of MSW
1.
Pre-sorting
2.
Sanitary
dirt fill
3.
Incineratio
n
5
The main economic benefits of pre-sorting
1. Return of recycled materials in processing due to what saving of natural resources of
oil, ferrous and nonferrous metals is made, which are irreplaceable natural resources,
and also due to sorting it is possible to reduce the need of cellulose industry in wood
raw material that has a direct environmental effect on conservation of forest lands.
2. As a result of the solid waste sorting and reuse of sorting products the volume of
solid waste reaching the disposal of waste at landfills decreases, as the major sorted
products are waste with long expansions (PE, HPP and other plastics), decrease of
landfill reclamation and return of lands allocated for it to the utility take place.
3. Not a few important effect of reducing the volume of solid waste to be disposed of is
to reduce the land needed for landfills for disposal of solid waste and allocation of
these areas for agricultural use.
6
Landfill gas
Sanitary dirt fill
Household waste
Landfilling
Biogas energy
complex
100 m3
1 tons
7
Incineration level of municipal solid waste in some countries
France
Germany
20-40%
Denmark
80%
Switzerland
England
10%
USA
48-50%
Sweden
Italy
Austria
Japan
Russia
Moscow
Belgium
70%
2%
10%
8
Waste sorting systems in Russia
Voronezh
St. Petersburg
Arkhangelsk
Moscow
Tolyatti
Barnaul
Belgorod
Ufa
9
Assessment of volumes of MSW and extracted secondary
resources for several cities of Russia
71433
80000
64939
70000
60000
43293
50000
40000
23811
30000
20000
10000
1731
1731
0
Waste
paper
(t/year)
Ferrous
metal
(t/year)
Note:
PE – polyethylene
LPP – Low-pressure polyethylene
HPP – high-pressure polyethylene
PE
(t/year)
LPP+
HPP
(t/year)
Mix
(t/year)
Glass
(t/year)
10
Forecasted annual gross revenue for some cities in
Russia(euro)
6 000 000,00
5 315 910,29
5 154 822,09
4 590 309,39
5 000 000,00
4 080 900,82
4 000 000,00
3 000 000,00
2 000 000,00
912 833,08
885 985,05
1 000 000,00
0,00
РњРЎ-11
Ferrous
metal
Note:
MC – waste paper
PE – polyethylene
LPP – Low-pressure polyethylene
HPP – high-pressure polyethylene
PE
LPP+HPP
Mix
Glass
11
Cost of services for export of solid waste in some regions
of Russia (euro)
в„–
City
Rate / person /
Rate / person /
Population, person
month
year
1
Moscow
0,37
4,42
10 101 500
2
St. Petersburg
0,27
3,25
4 668 400
3
Voronezh
0,18
2,12
848 700
4
Kursk
0,14
1,69
412 600
5
Yaroslavl
0,14
1,72
613 200
6
Ryazan
0,20
2,43
521 700
7
Lipetsk
0,19
2,23
506 000
12
Pilot projects of Rosprirodnadzor in Kemerovo,
Belgorod, Kirov and Kaluga Regions
Russian Federation
Kaluga
region
Kirov
region
Kemerovo
region
Belgorod
13
Project purpose
Improvement of slum populated areas of municipalities
of the Kemerovo, Belgorod, Kirov and Kaluga Regions
Creation of a modern system of treatment of
consumption waste, including transportation, sorting and
disposal
Involvement in recycling of useful components
contained in the consumption waste
14
Project task
Modernization of appropriate enterprises of
utilities complex in view of the developed
complex system of treatment of consumption
waste in population
Organization of design and construction of
efficient waste sorting complex providing
deep recycling of consumption waste
Establishment of sanitary epidemiological
service meeting the current requirements of
the order of operation of landfills for
disposal of consumption waste and working
conditions of staff
15
Source of incomes
Payment by municipal
enterprises of housing
and utilities services
for acceptance and
disposal of solid waste
Payment by business
enterprises for
acceptance and
disposal of solid
waste
Income from sale
of sorted
secondary raw
materials
16
Project risks
Marketing
• Possible lack of
regional municipal rates
for acceptance and
disposal of solid waste
without the appropriate
cost-based rates, which
may affect the value of
sales revenue
• Less than taken in the
project percentage of
recycled output, which
may be related to
morphological
composition of MSW of
the specific regional
project
Technological
Connected with
possibility of increasing
expenses and estimated
cost of the project
relating to
implementation of
regional projects. At this
stage, the risk can be
defined as the average
because it mainly
depends on the expenses
connected with the
preparatory work and
arrangement of land
Legal
Connected with possibility
of non-license or permit
under the competence of
regional authorities. This
kind of risk can be
estimated as low, cause in
all pilot regions there are
letters of the governors
about the readiness of
territories to participate in
pilot projects
17
Thank you for your
attention!
18
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
49
Размер файла
3 051 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа