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Calendar.
Автор: учитель английского языка
МБОУ Кагальницкая СОШ №1Семерок Н.А.
April
22
Arbor Day
May
1st week
Be- Kind-toAnimals Week
May
8 World Red
Cross Day
May 2nd
Sunday
Mother’s Day
June 1st week
June 3rd Sunday
Teacher “Thank Father’s Day
You” Week
January
1st week
New Year
October
31st
Halloween
February
14th
St. Valentine's
Day
April
Thanksgiving
Day
4th Thursday of
November.
December
25th
Easter
Christmas
Invitations. Formal.
Dear __Sue_,
Please come to my party.
At ___9, Brookside__
Date __8th July__
Time __8 o’clock__
From ___Jane__
Dear ________
Thanks for the invitation.
I would love to come.
I am unable to come.
From _______
Invitations. Informal.
We are having a party
On Saturday at 8 o’clock.
Please come and bring
a friend.
Yours, George.
Are Russian and British traditions
different?
In Britain
In my culture
Traditions
First Foot
Letting a cat to be first to enter in
new home
Celebration
New Year, Christmas, Hallowe’en, St. Valentine’s
day, Bank Day, Guy Fawkes’Night.
New Year, Christmas, Labor Day,
Woman’s Day , 23d February,
Victory Day, Easter, Maslenitsa.
Occasions
Birthday, name-day, sakename day, buying new
home, a party, graduation, getting a new job, a
house warming party.
Birthday, name-day, buying a new
home, graduation, a home
warming, an anniversary.
Gifts
Flowers, chocolate, books, records, CDs, decoration,
perfume, hand-made gifts.
Painting, puzzle, flowers, chocolate,
books, records, CDs,
decorations, perfume, handmade gifts.
Manners
To queue in a line waiting for a bus
To keep distance talking to a person
Not to bump into another person
To wait patiently when a group of people have
Queue for service
Not to take off shoes as soon as they enter someone’s
home
To take off shoes entering someone’s
home
To make way for a girl or older
people
To give up your seat in favour of
older people or other people who
need it
To say “Good appetite” to people that
are having a meal
British holidays,
traditions and
customes.
New Year
There are a number of holidays, which
are celebrated in Great Britain every
year.
One of them is, of course, New Year's
Day on the first of January. It is not so
popular in England as in our country,
but it is rather popular in Scotland. On
that day people usually visit their
friends and there is a lot of dancing and
eating. In Scotland people bring a piece
of coal for good luck in the New Year.
New Year’s Eve all British
celebrate on the 31st of
December. Most people
see with friends and
relatives. At midnight on
New Year’s Eve, every
body joins hands and sings
New Year songs and
wishes their nearest and
dearest a happy New
Year.
The First Foot
In Scotland and the North of England there is
an interesting tradition called “The First
Foot”. The first visitor who comes into a
house in the New Year morning is the First
Foot. If he is with dark hair and a man or a
boy, he will bring good luck. He must have
some food, some money or a coal for the
fire.
St.Valentine’s Day.
St.Valentine’s Day has roots in several legends. Cupid, the Roman god of love
, is one of the earliest popular symbols of the day. Valentine was a
Christian priest. He lived 300 years after the death of Jesus Christ in the
Roman Empire. On February 14 Valentine was killed because he was a
Christian. He married couples contrary to the lows of the Roman Empire.
St.Valentine’s Day is now a day for sweethearts. Most people send
“valentines”, sentimental and heartfelt greetings cards.
День святого Валентина.
Истоки Дня святого Валентина лежат в
нескольких легендах.
Купидон, римский бог любви,- один из ранних
популярных символов .
Валентин был по христиански священником.
Он жил в Римской империи через триста лет
после смерти Иисуса Христа.
Сейчас День святого Валентина – день всех
влюбленных.
Многие посылают « валентинки» ,
сентиментальные и прочувствованные
поздравительные открытки .
St. Valentine's Day
The next holiday of the
year is St. Valentine's
Day. It is on the 14th of
February. People buy or
make Valentine cards and
send them to the people
they love.
Mother's Day
In May there is Mother's
Day. All the children, little
or adult ones, come to
their mothers on that day
to express their love and
gratitude.
Easter
In April there is Easter. At
Easter children eat
chocolate Easter eggs.
Sometimes parents hide
them in the house or in
the garden and children
have to look for them.
Father's Day.
In June there is Father's
Day. On Father's Day
children give or send their
fathers and grandfathers
cards and presents.
Hallowe’en.
On the 31st of October there is a
Halloween. People say ghosts and
witches come out on Halloween. People
make lanterns out of pumpkins. Some
people have Halloween parties and
dress as witches and ghosts. At
Halloween children make Jack
O’Lanterns candles are put inside
hollow pumpkins which have holes cut
into them in the shape of eyes and a
mouth!
Put the sentences in the order to
find out how to make a Jack
O’Lantern.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Put the candle inside the pumpkin.
Cut a nose and a mouth.
Cut eyes.
Take a huge yellow pumpkin.
Light the candle.
Put the pumpkin near or in the house.
Хэллоуин
На Хэллоуин дети делают
свечи-фонари, помещенные в
полых тыквах, которым
сделали отверстия в форме
глаз и рта!
Christmas
For Christmas, a Christian holiday
held on December 25th in honor of
the birth of Christ. Mainly used in
writing, for example on shop signs
and Christmas cards!
Christmas Day.
The 25th of December is Christmas Day. It is
one of the people's favourite holidays.
People put Christmas trees in their houses
and decorate them. There are beautiful
Christmas decorations in the streets. On
Christmas Eve everybody puts the presents
under the Christmas tree. People say that at
night Father Christmas puts presents into
the stockings which children usually hang on
their beds. The traditional Christmas meal is
roast turkey and Christmas pudding.
Рождество.
Рождество -христианский
церковный праздник, который
празднуют 25 декабря в честь
рождения Христа. В этот день
пишут и дарят рождественские
открытки.
Chinese
New Year.
Chinese New Year
The Chinese New Year is
celebrated in early February. It
is a time when people chase
away the evil spirits by setting
off firecrackers.
A huge cloth dragon sways back
and forth around the street
corners chasing a red sunball
or a white pearl- ball. Following
the dragon people are dancing
and playing drums and gongs.
Китайский новый год
Китайский новый год
отмечают в начале
февраля. В это время
люди прогоняют злых
духов с помощью
фейерверков.
Гигантский тряпочный
дракон движется по
улице преследуя
красный или белый
шар. Сзади идут люди
танцуют, бьют в
барабаны и трубят
в гонги
Telegram from the Queen.
Each British person
gets a telegram
from the Queen on
his or her
hundredth
birthday.
Stonehenge.
Stonehenge.
Midsummer’s Day, June 24th
is longest day of the years.
On that day a very old
custom at Stonehenge in
Wiltshire, England, is
observed. Stonehenge is
one of the Europe’s biggest
stone circles that is 10 or 12
meters high. The earliest
part of Stonehenge is
approximately 5,000 years
old. But what was
Stonehenge? A holy place?
A market? Or kind of
calendar? Actually the
Druids priests in Britain
used Stonehenge for a
calendar.
Stonehenge.
They introduced it about 2,000
years ago. The sun stones at
Stonehenge let the Druids know
when the months and seasons
start. On the morning of June
24th the sun shines on one
famous stone - the Hell Stone,
this is the most important
moment of the years for the
Druids. There are Druids in
Britain today, too, and every
June a lot of them attend
Stonehenge. It is a strange,
ancient, rare but still living
custom.
Stonehenge.
Thanksgiving Day
Thanksgiving is always on the 4th
Thursday of November.
People work a lot before the
holiday. Dad usually buys the
turkey. Mum stuffs the bird with
herbs and bread.
Then she roasts it. It’s important
not to burn the bird. We
celebrate Thanks-giving in the
family circle. First, we have a
church service. Then we have a
traditional Thanksgiving dinner:
A roast turkey, potatoes, and
popcorn. For dessert we prefer a
pumpkin pie with vanilla ice
cream.
Thanksgiving Day
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
In the USA Thanksgiving Day
started as a holiday of thanksgiving in the early days of the American
colonies about 400 years ago.
In 1620 , a boat with more than 100 people sailed across the Atlantic
Ocean to the New World to what is now the state of Massachusetts.
Their first winter was very difficult and without fresh food half the
colony died.
The Native Americans showed them how to grow corn, a new food for
colonists, they showed them how to hunt and fish.
In the autumn of 1621, bountiful crops of corn, beans and pumpkins
were picked up.
The colonists had much to be thankful for. They invited the local
Indians to a Thanksgiving dinner. In the following years , many of the
original colonists celebrated the autumn crops with a holiday of
thanks. After the United States became an independent
country, Congress introduced one Day of Thanksgiving Day for the
whole nation to celebrate. It’s observed on the 4th Thursday of
November.
Thanksgiving Day.
1. What did the colonists give thanks
for?
2. What role did the local Indians play?
3. Who introduced the national holiday
of Thanksgiving in the USA?
4. In honour of what event would you
like to introduce the holiday of
Thanksgiving.
Праздник благодарения.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
В США День благодарения образовался как праздник
благодарности, с ранних дней американских колоний – около
400 лет назад.
В 1620 году корабль с более чем сотней людей на борту пересек
Атлантический океан к Новому Свету, к месту, где сейчас штат
Массачусетс.
Первая зима была очень трудной, и без еды половина колонии
вымерла.
Коренные американцы показали им, как выращивать
кукурузу, новую пищу для колонистов, как охотиться и ловить
рыбу.
Осенью 1621 года были собраны щедрые урожаи кукурузы,
бобов и тыкв.
Колонистам было за что благодарить. Они пригласили
индейцев на благодарственный обед.В последующие годы
многие из первых колонистов отмечали осенний урожай
праздником благодарения. После того как Соединенные Штаты
стали независимым государством, конгресс ответил один день
для праздника благодарения для всей нации. Его отмечают в
четвертый четверг ноября.
First Foot.
There is a funny tradition,
connected with New Year :
the First Foot. This is the first
visitor to enter a house on
New Year’ morning. The First
Foot must be a man because
it is bellieved that if a woman
first sets foot in the house,
bad luck will follow hroughout
the year. The first visitor must
food,drink and coal into the
house. They are symbols of
good luck.
Russian winter festivals.
Maslenitsa
‘Maslenitsa’ is the week
before Lent.
It’s when Russians say
goodbye to winter and
welcome spring. It’s a
time of singing,
dancing and fun. There’s
a lot to eat , too
especially- blinis, which
are delicious butter
pancakes.
Maslenitsa
Children dress up and
play in the snow.
We go for sleigh rides, go
sledging, have snowball
fights and lots more.
We make a straw doll of
‘ Lady Maslenitsa’, who
is dressed in special
clothes. On Sunday
evening, we burn Lady
Maslenitsa on a big
bonfire. The spring
festival is over and Lent
begins.
MASLENITSA
There is an ancient
religious holiday which
is called "Maslenitsa". It
is connected with the
end of winter. It is
celebrated with cooking
lots of pancakes.
People eat pancakes
with caviar and go for
long jolly walks
"gulyanya".
MASLENITSA
After this holiday the great Past begins
so people try to get as much fun as
they can and eat a lot. Many people
nowadays ignore this tradition but still
there are some people who follow it.
What do people do at
Christmastide?
have a carnival.
tell fortunes.
make a snowman.
ride a troika.
play snowballs.
build a townlet.
climb a pole for a gift.
wear fancy costumes.
sing carols.
Creative
work.
How you have made a surprise.
It was my mother `s birthday. In
the morning my parents went
to my Granny. My sister Sveta
and I tidied up our flat. We
decorated it with bows and
ribbons. When our parents
came home and saw it they
were surprised. In front of the
boor there hang a poster
«Happy Birthday, Mother».
We put the candles on the cake
and Mother blew them up. She
was very happy.
Как я удивил.
У мамы был день рожденья.
С утра родители поехали к
бабушке. Я и моя сестра
Света убрались в
квартире. Мы украсили её
бантами и лентами. Когда
родители вернулись и
увидели, они были очень
удивлены. Напротив двери
висел плакат: «С днём
рождения, Мама». Мы
воткнули свечи в торт, и
мама их задула. Она была
счастлива.
I love many holidays especially New Year. Also I
carefully prepare for it, I buy gifts, cards and
other trifles. I like this holiday because I can meet
all people which to me are dear. It is good
occasion to gather all family. I like to receive gifts
and to give their most. I and my younger brother
help mum to cook different tasty food. When all
visitors come we sit down a table. At 24.00 we
usually go to start fireworks. And when all again I
collect behind a table we recollect all good, that
was in the past to year.
Мой любимый праздник.
Я люблю многие праздники особенно Новый Год. Также я тщательно
готовлюсь к нему, покупаю подарки, открытки и прочие мелочи. Мне
нравится этот праздник потому что я могу встретиться со всеми
людьми которые мне дороги.
Это хороший повод собраться всей семьей. Мне нравится получать
подарки и дарить их самому. Мы с мои младшим братом помогаем
маме готовить разную вкусную еду. Когда приходят гости все мы
садимся за стол.
В 24.00 обычно мы идем запускать фейерверки. А когда все опять
собираются за столом, мы вспоминаем все хорошее, что было в
прошлом году.
New Year
My favourite holiday is
New Year. It celebrate
on thirty first of
December in twelve one
o'clock in the morning. I
love it because to me
give gifts. In new year I
buy many different
salutes and I start them.
I spend this holiday with
parents.
Мой любимый праздник
новый год. Его
празднуют тридцать
первого декабря в
двенадцать часов ночи.
Я люблю его, потому
что мне дарят подарки.
В новый год я покупаю
много разных салютов и
запускаю их. Этот
праздник я провожу с
родителями.
Presents
When I was eight my parents made me a surprise. It
was my birthday. In the morning my parents came
to my room to congratulate me. They gave me
presents. There were clothes and toys. I liked them
very much. Of curse I wanted a puppy very much
but I knew they would not give it to me. But
when my friends came to my party my father went
somewhere and returned with a big box. In the
box there was a wonderful puppy. It was a
dachshund. I was really happy. They surprised me
a lot. Now Tommy is a big dog and we all love him
very much.
Подарки
Когда мне было восемь лет, родители сделали мне
сюрприз. У меня был день рождения. Утром
родители пришли ко мне в комнату поздравить
меня. Они подарили мне подарки. Это была
одежда и игрушки. Мне они очень понравились.
Конечно, я хотел щенка, но я знал, что они мне
его не подарят. Но когда друзья пришли ко мне на
вечеринку, папа куда-то ушёл и вернулся с
большой коробкой. В коробке был
замечательный щенок. Это была такса. Я был
очень счастлив. Они меня очень удивили. Сейчас
Томи уже большая собака, и мы все его очень
любим
The Snow Maiden
Once upon a time there lived an old woman and an old
man. They had no children. Once in winter they made
a Snow Maiden. The Snow Maiden became alive.
They said that she would be their daughter. She loved
them very much and was a help in their old age. They
were happy. But then the summer came. The Snow
Maiden met a young man and fell in love with him.
He felt the same for her. There was some festival and
Snow Maiden’s girl friends went to jump over a fire.
The Snow Maiden didn’t want to jump because her
parents told her not to, but her friends persuaded her
to do it. Snow Maiden jumped and melted.
Снегурочка.
Однажды давным – давно жили старик со
старухой. У них не было детей. Как – то зимой
они слепили Снегурочку. Снегурочка ожила.
Они сказали, что она будет им дочерью. Она их
очень любила и была им помощью на старости
лет. Они были счастливы. Но затем пришло
лето. Снегурочка встретила молодого человека
и влюбилась. Он чувствовал то же к ней. Был
праздник,и подруги Снегурочки пошли
прыгать через костер. Снегурочка не хотела
прыгать, потому что родители запретили ей,
но подруги уговорили ее. Снегурочка
прыгнула и растаяла.
What is your favourite holiday?
1 . What is your favourite holiday?
2 .What new celebrations would you like to establish?
3. What is the greatest holiday in your country?
4. In honour of what person would you like to establish a
holiday?
5. What is more important for you a day-off or a celebrate?
6. Can religious holiday become national ones?
7. Do you celebrate any holiday?
8. What traditions are connected with the national
celebrations?
9. How do you celebrate your favorite holidays?
10. What local celebrations do you have?
11. What holidays or celebrations can unite people in Russia?
Какой ваш любимый праздник?
1.Какой ваш любимый праздник?
2.Какие новые праздники вы хотели бы установить?
3.Какой самый большой праздник в вашей стране?
4.В честь какого человека вы хотели бы установить
праздник?
5.Что для вас более важно свободный день или
празднование?
6.Может ли религиозный праздник стать
национальным?
7.Вы празднуете какой-нибудь праздник?
8.Какие традиции связаны с национальными
празднованиями?
9.Как вы празднуете ваш любимый отпуск?
10.Какие местные празднования вы имеете?
11.Какой отпуск или празднования люди могут
отменить в России?
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