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Russian Revolution

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World History
May 12, 2011
Do Now
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Sneak Peek
Study Guide
SWBAT analyze the causes of the rise of the
USSR.
USSR
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Peasants
Russian peasants lived in poverty and faced constant
food shortages due to the lack of land to cultivate. Most
of the arable (farmable) land belonged to the nobility.
Redistribution of this land would alleviate many of the
peasant's problems.
Conditions of Russia,
Video
•Russia had a very small number of wealthy people who
owned much of the land. Much of Russia was
dissatisfied due to hunger and little wealth.
•Czar Nicholas II went into WWI hoping that it would
raise nationalistic pride in Russia.
Russian
Revolution
World War I created conditions within
Russia that helped trigger a revolution.
Royal Family
•Almost 2 million Russian
soldiers died during WWI.
•During the war, Czar
Nicholas II went into battle
with his troops, leaving his
wife at home to rule the
country.
Revolution
•A major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was
the existence of sharp economic differences between
social classes.
•The nobility was living a wealthy lifestyle while many
peasants and farmers were starving to death and standing
in bread lines.
The Czar’s
Family
•Red October, the October
Uprising or the Bolshevik
Revolution, was a political
revolution.
•The October Revolution
in Petrograd overthrew the
Russian Provisional
Government and gave the
power to the local soviets
dominated by Bolsheviks
The Czar’s Family
The Czar and his family was lined up and shot in
the back of the head during the Revolution.
Revolution,
Video
•The Russian peasants
supported the Bolsheviks
in the 1917 Revolutions
mainly because the
Bolsheviks promised to
redistribute the land
owned by the nobility.
•The Bolsheviks were a
socialist group.
Communism
•The Bolsheviks eventually became the Communist Party
of the Soviet Union.
•Communism-- a totalitarian system of government in
which a single authoritarian party (a political party with
total control) controls state-owned means of production.
Europe
Conditions After WWI
In the 1920’s and 1930’s, the rise of totalitarian governments in
Germany, Italy, Russia, and Spain was largely the result of severe
economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World
War I.
Totalitarianism– form of government in
which the person or party in charge has
absolute control over all aspects of life
Russia: Communism
Germany and Italy: Fascism
Fascism—a totalitarian system of government
that focuses on the good of the state rather than
on the good of the individual citizen.
Censorship
Censorship, mass
arrests, and a secret
police force are most
characteristic of
totalitarian regimes.
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