World History May 12, 2011 Do Now вЂў вЂў Sneak Peek Study Guide SWBAT analyze the causes of the rise of the USSR. USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Peasants Russian peasants lived in poverty and faced constant food shortages due to the lack of land to cultivate. Most of the arable (farmable) land belonged to the nobility. Redistribution of this land would alleviate many of the peasant's problems. Conditions of Russia, Video вЂўRussia had a very small number of wealthy people who owned much of the land. Much of Russia was dissatisfied due to hunger and little wealth. вЂўCzar Nicholas II went into WWI hoping that it would raise nationalistic pride in Russia. Russian Revolution World War I created conditions within Russia that helped trigger a revolution. Royal Family вЂўAlmost 2 million Russian soldiers died during WWI. вЂўDuring the war, Czar Nicholas II went into battle with his troops, leaving his wife at home to rule the country. Revolution вЂўA major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the existence of sharp economic differences between social classes. вЂўThe nobility was living a wealthy lifestyle while many peasants and farmers were starving to death and standing in bread lines. The CzarвЂ™s Family вЂўRed October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution. вЂўThe October Revolution in Petrograd overthrew the Russian Provisional Government and gave the power to the local soviets dominated by Bolsheviks The CzarвЂ™s Family The Czar and his family was lined up and shot in the back of the head during the Revolution. Revolution, Video вЂўThe Russian peasants supported the Bolsheviks in the 1917 Revolutions mainly because the Bolsheviks promised to redistribute the land owned by the nobility. вЂўThe Bolsheviks were a socialist group. Communism вЂўThe Bolsheviks eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. вЂўCommunism-- a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party (a political party with total control) controls state-owned means of production. Europe Conditions After WWI In the 1920вЂ™s and 1930вЂ™s, the rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy, Russia, and Spain was largely the result of severe economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World War I. TotalitarianismвЂ“ form of government in which the person or party in charge has absolute control over all aspects of life Russia: Communism Germany and Italy: Fascism FascismвЂ”a totalitarian system of government that focuses on the good of the state rather than on the good of the individual citizen. Censorship Censorship, mass arrests, and a secret police force are most characteristic of totalitarian regimes.