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Lecture~ 2
Objective~ Understand the consequences of the R.R.
February (March) Revolution 1917
• Nicholas failed to solve Russia’s problems
– “Peace & Bread”
– Tsar orders troops to fire (Refuse)
– Duma establishes a Provisional Gov.
• Tsar forced to Abdicate (step down)
Provisional (Temporary) Government
Alexander Kerensky’s- Leader
• Carried on war to preserve Russia’s honor
– Against public opinion/Did not solve problems
• Faced with growing authority of the Soviets
(Bolsheviks)
Leader of the Bolsheviks (Majority)
Believed in Socialism (Marxist Ideas)
everyone works for the better welfare of the state,
everything is shared equally
Promised “Peace, Land, Bread”
Was helped back to Russia by Germany
The Bolshevik Rev.
• Nov 1917 Bolsheviks
overthrow Provisional Gov.
– Red Guards
• Got out of WWI (Treaty
Brest-Litovsk)
– Ended private ownership of
land/business (state
controlled)
– Distributed land to peasants
Civil War (1918-1920)
• Red Army (communists) Vs. White
Army (loyal to the Tsar)
• Communists used terror
– CHEKA~ secret police
– Gulag System~ anyone who protested
against Lenin/Stalin was sent to brutal
labor camps
• “War Communism”
– Took over EVERYTHING
– Reds WIN
1918 Bolsheviks (the reds) execute Nicholas II,
Alexandra, and all 5 of their children
*Firing squad/bayonets/bodies dumped into mine shaft*
Building a Communist Soviet Union
• Agricultural/industrial
collapse
– Lenin adopted the New
Economic Policy (NEP)
– Some capitalism allowed to
help economy
• 1923 Lenin establishes
the U.S.S.R
– Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics
Lenin Dies in 1924
Lenin’s Casket is Carried Through the Streets of
Moscow
JOSEPH STALIN
LEON TROTSKY
Vocab story
Directions~ use the following 10 words in a story accurately
describing the events that took place in Russia.
Min. half a page
1. Tsar Nicholas II
2. World War I
3. Rasputin
4. Bolsheviks
5. Alexander Kerensky
6. Vladimir Lenin
7. Joseph Stalin
8. CHEKA
9. U.S.S.R.
10. Gulag System
Vocabulary (375-381)
Rasputin
пЃ® Bloody Sunday
пЃ® Tsar Nicolas II
пЃ® Duma
пЃ® Provisional Government
пЃ® Civil War
пЃ® V.I Lenin
пЃ® Bolsheviks
пЃ®
Russian Rev. Comic Strip
• Pick ONE partner
• Pick five events to display on your comic
strip
– Correct order of events (1, 2, 3…)
• Each box needs a picture and a caption
– Details, Details, Details
• Creative title for your comic strip
• Finish vocab
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