The Russian Revolution 1917 Causes of the Russian Revolution Czar Nicholas II вЂў Czar Nicholas II was unable or unwilling to deal with RussiaвЂ™s problems. вЂў The Russian people wanted to end absolute rule. Economic Aspects вЂў The peasants wanted the nobleвЂ™s fertile lands. вЂў Factories proved unable to satisfy military and civilian needs. вЂў Severe food shortages. Social Aspects вЂў The was widespread discontent in all classes of Russian society. Military Causes вЂў Humiliating defeat by Japan in 1905. вЂў WWI - The Russian armies met with a series military defeats. вЂў 5,000,000 Russian soldiers were killed in the war. Gregory Rasputin вЂў While the Czar was at the front many Russians feared his influence on Alexandra. Revolutionary Parties вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў KadetsSocial revolutionaries Mensheviks Bolsheviks Challenged the Czar and promoted reform. The outbreak of Revolution вЂў In February 1917 bread riots break out in Petrograd. вЂў Factory workers went on strike. вЂў The soldiers sent to break the strikes and riots sided with the people. The Kerensky Government March-November 1917 вЂў Czar Nicholas II abdicates in 1917. вЂў A Provisional Government under Alexander Kerensky is set up by the February Revolution. Failure of the Provisional Government вЂў The Provisional Government failed because: вЂў It continued the war вЂў It could not feed the cities. вЂў It did not approve land seizures. The Petrograd Soviet вЂў The Petrograd Soviet became a rival to the Kerensky Government, taking on such tasks as regulating food supply and organizing a workers militia. The Bolshevik Revolution November 1917 Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924 вЂў Founded the Bolshevik Party. вЂў Lenin was a Marxist Ideologist. вЂў Lenin was exiled for many years, but returned in April 1917 and led a revolt against the Kerensky Government Leon Trotsky 1879-1924 вЂў Trotsky played a leading role in the October Revolution. вЂў In 1918 he organized the Red Army and led it to victory during the civil war against the White forces. Bread, Land, Peace вЂў Lenin and the Bolsheviks promised the people what they wanted most: вЂў Food for the cities. вЂў End RussiaвЂ™s involvement in WWI вЂў Land for the peasants. The Bolshevik Revolution November 6, 1918 вЂў On the night of November 6, 1918 Lenin and the Bolsheviks strike. вЂў The Bolsheviks seize control of the government in Petrograd. The Bolshevik Revolution вЂў On November 7, 1918 the Petrograd Soviet voted to support LeninвЂ™s overthrow of the Provisional Government. вЂў Fighting continued for a week. Civil War 1918-1921 Reds (Bolsheviks) Lenin Trotsky Stalin VS Whites VS Kerensky Anti Bolsheviks Czar Nicholas II вЂў When the Bolsheviks came to power the imperial family was sent to the Ural Mountains. вЂў The Czar and his family were executed on July 16, 1918 in the town of Ekaterinburg. Results of the Civil War вЂў The Red Army under the leadership of Leon Trotsky defeated the White forces. Results of the Bolshevik Revolution вЂў Formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922 under the control of Lenin,Trotsky,and Stalin. вЂў Formation of a communist government based on the ideas of Karl Marx. вЂў The idea of a continued revolution to spread the ideas of Communism.