close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

PowerPoint: Russian Revolution

код для вставкиСкачать
The Russian Revolution
1917
Pre- Revolutionary Russia
пЃ®
Before 1905, Russia was
the last autocracy
(absolutist form of
monarchy)
пЃ®
Meaning, there was no
parliament, the Czar (or
Tsar) Ruled
пЃ®
Czar Nicholas was in power
(Romanov empire)
пЃ®
This begins to change in
1905
Revolution of 1905
пЃ®
Starts due to strikes/riots over Russo-Japanese war,
especially in St. Petersburg
пЃ®
Nicholas II issues October Manifesto to end
revolution, and promises the creation of a DUMA
(parliament)
пЃ®
October Manifesto was successful because Czar got
the middle class on his side, Revolution is over
пЃ®
After revolution, Czar back tracks on his promises
• Creates a Duma, but not as powerful as he promised
4. Development of Parties
пЃ®
Because now there is parliaments and elections,
parties are created
пЃ®
KADETS, SOCIAL REVOLUTIONISTS
пЃ®
Social Democrats, or Marxists, support came from
Urban working class, but in 1903 split into 2 groups,
Mensheviks and Bolsheviks:
пЃ®
Bolsheviks – (majority) small elite party, truer to
Marxist roots want complete working class
revolution.
February Revolution, 1917
пЃ®
Actually happened in March, but Russian calendar is about 2 weeks
behind
пЃ®
By Feb. 1917, Russia was experiencing weariness in war
•
•
•
•
huge casualties
tremendous food shortages at home
harsh winters
anger at profiteering
пЃ®
Czar is at the front, blamed for defeats, plus Czar’s wife is German
пЃ®
These above issues cause Russia to explode into a Revolution
пЃ®
Revolution was Unplanned, Unorganized, Leaderless пѓ starts as a
street demonstration over bread
пЃ®
Ends with the abdication of the Czar and end of Romanov dynasty
Provisional Government, Feb. – Oct. 1917
пЃ®
Enacts some sweeping reforms:
1. Universal Suffrage
2. Civil Equality, Civil Rights
3. 8 hour workday
4. Redistribution of Land
5. Call for creation of a Constitution
пЃ®
Provisional Gov looks to make great reforms, but
Totally out of touch with peasants and the “real
Russian situation.” Refused to end WWI for
Russia!
пЃ®
Face 2 great challenges
October Revolution, 1917
пЃ®
Bolsheviks seize positions in Gov. Buildings
and Communication Centers, take over and
kick out Provisional Gov.
пЃ®
Less bloodshed than February Revolution
пЃ®
Less of a Revolution, more of a Coup
пЃ®
Lenin institutes: Leninism-often titled
“Communism” but it is not even close to
theoretical communism.
What did the Bolsheviks do first?
пЃ®
Lenin’s slogan: “Peace Land and Bread”
пЃ®
Did not want to make the same mistakes as the Provisional Gov.
1. Decree on Land – all land nationalized and turned over to
Bolsheviks for re-distribution
2. Decree on Peace – made a pact with Germany to pull Russia
out of the war
3. Council of People’s Commissars – basically a group that
becomes like a dictator, no elections for constitutional assembly.
Outbreak of Civil War in 1919
пЃ®
White Army vs. Red Army
пЃ®
White Army – remains loyal to the Romanovs or the Provisional
Gov., US came to aid the White army for 2 reasons
пЃ± Anti-communists
пЃ± Want Russia to repay war debts, which Bolsheviks would not do
пЃ®
Red Army - Bolsheviks, attacked those who are loyal to Czar
пЃ®
How did the Red Army win?
•
Bolsheviks held central Russia, good supplies/communication
•
White Armies were uncoordinated, did not cooperate with one
another, unpopular with the peasants
•
Red army was well lead by Trotsky
•
Western allied forces had little stomach for intervention by 1919
Result of the Russian Revolution
пЃ®
Lenin starts Anti-West phenomenon
пЃ®
Refuses to pay any loans back to West incurred by
Nicholas II
пЃ®
Executed Czar and his family on June16, 1918
пЃ®
Thousands of people tortured and killed during the civil
war.
пЃ®
Lenin establishes the “Cheka” after Red victory in Civil
War and alters Russian History forever with the use of
Terror as an acceptable political means.
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
3
Размер файла
118 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа