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Revolution: 1905

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THE 1905 REVOLUTION
“Without the dress rehearsal of 1905 the victory of the
October Revolution of 1917 would have been
impossible” – V. I. Lenin
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
PRECIPITATING FACTORS
пѓ� Discontentment of peasantry
пѓ� Discontentment of proletariat
пѓ� Revolutionary agitation
пѓ� Lack of political participation
пѓ� Growing nationalist movements
пѓ� Russo-Japanese War
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR
пѓ� As answer to foreign policy
issues & internal problems
пѓ� But Russian fared poorly
 Failures blamed on
incompetence of regime
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
BLOODY SUNDAY
� Workers’ demonstration led by
FATHER GAPON, Jan. 1905
пѓ� Led to disturbances all over
country
пѓ� Nicholas II becomes known as
“the Bloody”
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
THE REVOLUTION SPREADS
пѓ� General Strike, October 1905
пѓ� OCTOBER MANIFESTO
 Creates DUMA
 Granted civil & political
rights
 Legalized political parties
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
THE RADICAL RESPONSE
пѓ� Revolutionaries initially refuse to
participate in government
пѓ� Marxist form SOVIETS with
workers
 LEV BRONSTEIN (TROTSKY)
ST. PETERSBURG WORKERS’ SOVIET
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
THE CONSERVATIVE RESPONSE
пѓ� Passes FUNDAMENTAL LAWS,
1906
пѓ� Duma dissolved, new elections held
until “right” membership elected
пѓ� Police apparatus strenghthened
Tsar Nicholas II
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
THE CONSERVATIVE RESPONSE
пѓ� Emergence of staunchly
conservative forces
 BLACK HUNDREDS
• carry out POGROMS against
Jews & radicals
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
THE PEASANT PROBLEM
пѓ� Peasant uprisings greater
threat to regime
пѓ� Nicholas makes major
concessions to peasants
пѓ� But also uses force to end
disturbances
THE 1905 REVOLUTION
Assessments of 1905
пѓ� Urban & rural uprisings
never joined
� No real leadership – largely
spontaneous
пѓ� Role of peasantry essential
пѓ� Growing & widespread
opposition to autocracy
� Tsar lost image as “little
father”
пѓ� Intransigence of regime
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