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Russian Revolution

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Russian Revolution
February Revolution
• On Feb. 23rd 1917, working-class
women gather in Petrograd to
ask for “bread and peace”
• Men join them and Nicholas II
soon orders his troops to fire on
them
• The troops refuse and 80,000 of
them join the protestors
• The Duma and other political
parties secretly say Nicholas II
must go
• Nicholas II abdicates; his
brother Michael abdicates
• The Duma becomes the
provisional gov’t
• Alexander Kerensky becomes
temporary prime minister;
keeps Russia in WW I
Arrival of Lenin
• Lenin had been living in exile in
Switzerland
• Germany helps him get to
Petrograd by train
• Arrives April 3rd, 1917
• Lenin’s speeches are published,
become known as “April
Theses”
• Lenin’s #1 goal: place Russia
under Bolshevik control
(Communist)
• Anti-Provisional Gov’t
• Tries to organize massive street
demonstrations
October Revolution
• Bolsheviks gain more power
over the summer of 1917
• However, Kerensky is calling for
new elections to take place on
Nov.12th
• Lenin knows it will be much
harder to overthrow a gov’t that
is legitimately elected
• Lenin organizes a Bolshevik
army
• On October 24th, revolutionaries
occupy key posts in Petrograd:
telegraph offices, banks,
railroad stations, bridges
• By October 25th, the Winter
Palace was the only gov’t
building not taken
• Kerensky flees morning of Oct.
25th
• His officials stay, thinking he’ll
bring back troops
• The palace is surrounded, but
revolutionaries refuse to fire on
Russians
• The officials are persuaded to
give up and are arrested
Aftermath
• Kerensky flees to Europe, then
eventually becomes a professor
of history in the U.S.
• Lenin declares Decree of Peace
(Russia will leave WW I)
• Decree on Land (Land will be
redistributed among peasants)
• Russia was still on the Julian
Calendar; November 7th
everywhere else
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