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The October Revolution - ISN IB History II SL/HL

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The October Revolution
The Bolsheviks seize power
IB History HL
Timeline
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March - Petrograd Soviet issues Order No 1
April - Lenin returns issues April Theses
June - Failure of the June Offensive
July - The July Days - Lenin flees
Aug - Kornilov Revolt
Sept - Bolsheviks win control of the Soviet
Oct - Trotsky become chairman of Soviet. Lenin
returns
Oct 24 - 26 Bolshevik revolution
Problems facing the Provisional
Government
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Land - Peasants demand land
Hunger - The workers in the cities were
demanding food
The war - fight on or make peace
Revolutionaries - how to stop the
spread of their influence
The Army - needed loyalty of the army
Response of the Government
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The Government promised land reforms but gave
no date
The Government could not guarantee food
supplies as the Soviets controlled railways
The government promised political reform in an
attempt to stop revolutionaries. They failed to
take any positive action.
The troops in Petrograd were now under the
control of the Soviet and refused to obey the
government
Results
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Peasants angry with the Government
started to seize land
Workers joined the Bolsheviks
The Bolsheviks and other groups
gathered support
The Government was losing control to
the Petrograd Soviet
Events
Results
Aug 1917 General
Kornilov attempts a
coup
Kerensky is forced to
ask the Bolsheviks
for help. Bolshevik
leaders are released
and the Red Guard is
given weapons
Bolsheviks defeat
Kornilov
Bolsheviks seen as
heroes.
The Kornilov Revolt
Popularity increased
Became a well armed
force
Events
Results
The failure of the
June Offensive
led to widespread
mutinies
The Bolsheviks
supported but did
not lead
Riots quelled
The July Days
Bolsheviks accused
of being German
agents.
Bolshevik leaders
arrested . Lenin
escapes to Finland
Bolsheviks
weakened but seen
as main
revolutionary group
Peace
Land
Bread
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Lenin returns
All power to the
Soviets
Lenin return from Switzerland with
German assistance and issues his April
theses
This called for
– Overthrow of Government
– End to war
– Soviets to form new government
– Land given to peasants
– State to control factories and banks
Why were the Bolsheviks successful?
Role of Lenin
Organised party
Role of Trotsky
Published Pravda
Joined Bolsheviks
after July Days
Avoided capture and
organised the coup.
Masterminded the
events of the coup
Popular slogans to
raise moral and
public awareness
Great military
leader organised
the Red Guard
Provisional
Government
Kerensky
new of
Trotsky's plan
but had lost
support of the
army and so
was helpless
The Bolsheviks take power
The Bolsheviks took control of the government in an almost bloodless
coup between Oct 24 and 26 1917.
Land
Peace
Land taken from
Church, Nobility
etc and given to
peasants. Land
not taken over by
the State (yet)
Press
All non -Bolshevik
papers were banned
The first decrees
Factories
All factories
put under
control of
workers
committees
Lenin ends the war
sends Trotsky to
negotiate with
Germany. Treaty of
Brest-Litvosk
Establishes the
CHEKA
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