close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Haitian Revolution

код для вставкиСкачать
Tuesday 1/21/14
RAP
пЃ®Why did you have yesterday off from school?
пЃ®Why do we observe this in history?
Today:
пЃ®Close reading and comparison of the Declaration
of Independence and Declaration of the Rights of
Man and the Citizen.
пЃ®Revolutions encouraged by the above.
пЃ®
Close reading and comparison of the
Declaration of Independence and
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the
Citizen. (TITLE your notes )
– As we read I want you and your partner to pull
out information from each reading that are
similar and different.
– What differences did you write down?
– What similarities did you write down?
Comparative Revolutions: Haitian,
American, French, Mexican, Chinese,
and Latin American Independence
Movements
1750-1914
**Global Connection
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Revolutions spurred on movements in
other countries
Introduced new political ideas
(democracy, constitutions, etc.) used
world wide
In the case of Haitian Revolution,
inspired other slave rebellions
Gave power to commoners/slaves;
knew they could overthrow
government
American Revolution led to
independence movements in other
colonies escaping from European
control
Prelude to the American Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Laws passed by the
English government to
limit expansion as well as
pass laws on the American
colonies
American colonies
looking for more
independence
Artisans and farmers
looking for ways to
promote social equality
American Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Battle of Bunker Hill
On June 15, 1775, the
Continental Congress
appoints George
Washington general of
Continental Army
On June 17, 1775, the
Battle of Bunker Hill
occurs with the British
winning, but at a huge cost
In December of 1775, the
American colonies are
placed under an embargo
May 2, 1776, France
commits 1 million dollars
in arms to the colonies and
Spain also offers support
American Revolution
пЃ®

пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
**On July 4, 1776 the Declaration of
Independence is issued
October 7, 1777- Battle of Saratoga
results in 1st major American victory
Articles of Confederation adopted on
November 15, 1777 making Congress
the sole authority
1781- last battle at Yorktown—Britain
defeated.
1783-Paris Peace agreement between
American colonists and GB
In 1789, the U.S. sets up a new
constitutional structure with checks
and balances between the different
branches of government as well as
limited voting rights (to wealthy white
males)
Above - The signing of
the Declaration.
Haitian Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Began on August 22,
1781
Slave uprising against the
French
Francois Dominique
Toussaint L’Ouverture
organized a small military
group
In order to overcome
powerful countries
wanting to claim Haiti
(France, England, and
Spanish) Toussiant played
powers off of one another,
finally allying with French
Toussaint
L’Ouverture
Haitian Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Napoleon’s rule
resulted in Toussiant’s
death
Jean-Jacques
Dessalines was former
slave who took over
General Leclerc sent
by Napoleon to deal
with Haitians, bloody
battles occurred
Ended on November
28, 1803
Legacy of Haitian Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Symbol of freedom
and hope to the rest of
slaves in North
America
Slave owners became
aware of chance of
rebellion of slaves
Slave shelters built by
slave owners in case
of an uprising
Beginnings of the Mexican
Revolution
General Porfirio Diaz was president of
Mexico from 1876-1911
пЃ® Mexico had political and economic
stability, but at expense of farmers and
laborers (only select few had wealth)
пЃ® Suppressed any uprisings with army
пЃ® Claimed that he was waiting until Mexico
was ready for a democracy
пЃ®
Mexican Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
In 1909, Francisco Madero
formed Anti-Reelectionist
Party, trying to oust
General Diaz and form a
democracy; ran for
president in 1910
Madero imprisoned for
“inciting rebellion” and Diaz
won election
Madero won election in
1911, but found most
revolutionaries wanted
immediate change which he
couldn’t provide
Mexican Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Madero killed in 1913, and
replaced by Victoriano
Huerta
Huerta didn’t stay true to
revolutionary beliefs, left
country in 1914
Huerta replaced by
Venustiano Carranza who
organized a convention that
resulted in the formation
of a new constitution in
1917
Chinese Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Revolution began in
1890s with fall of Ch’ing
(Qing) dynasty
After Boxer Rebellion in
1900, Western ideas
dominated education and
much of Chinese life
1911 Revolution began in
southwestern province of
Szechwan
Motivated by plan to
nationalize the railway
Chinese Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Sun Yat-sen was “Father of the
Revolution”
Educated in west, saw
revolution as nationalist,
social, and democratic
revolution
In 1905, Chinese United
League formed
By end of November of 1911,
2/3 of China had seceded from
the Ch’ing empire
In December 1911, China
proclaimed a republic with
Sun Yat-sen as president
Chinese Revolution
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Yuan Shih-kai had been
appointed as prime minister in
1911
On January 3, 1912, Yuan
claimed he would get the
Ch’ing dynasty to abdicate if
he was offered the presidency
Yuan appointed president on
February 1, 1912
Yuan suppressed any
rebellions, dissolving the
parliament and becoming
dictator in 1914
President Yuan
Shikai
Latin American Independence
Movements (Brazil)
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
By end of 18th century,
Brazil had grown in
economic importance
1807, France invaded
Portugal; Portuguese king
moved to Brazil; Rio de
Janeiro made capital
Dom Joao VI moved back
to Portugal in 1820, but
son Dom Pedro I, stayed
behind
Pedro was called back to
Portugal, but, after
refusing,** declared
Brazil independent in
1822
Latin American Independence
Movements (Peru)
пЃ®

пЃ®
пЃ®
Jose San Martin was military
commander in Argentina who
wanted to secure Peruvian silver
Peru still under Spanish control,
upper class extremely
conservative; but Napoleonic
invasions of Spain sparked
revolution
San Martin was unable to defeat
Spanish in interior, and with his
withdrawal, Simon Bolivar took
over
Battles in 1824 such as battle of
Ayacucho assured Peru’s
independence
Latin American Independence
Movements (Chile)
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Young Anti-War Protest
пЃ®
In September 1810, open
town meeting appointed
junta made up of local
leaders to rule (searching
for more independence)
Battle of Rancagua in
October 1814, Spain
regained control
Carrera brothers and
Bernard O’Higgins
convinced Jose San
Martin to help them
**Independence
proclaimed in 1818 with
O’Higgins as dictator
**Causes/Motives of the
Revolutions
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
All revolutions resulted from peasant unrest
Industrialization and economic hardships (food
shortages)
Nationalist ideas helped to spur on all revolutions
Media played major role in advocating change;
monarchs could publish newspapers supporting their
actions, controlling the public’s knowledge,
revolutionaries could also use media to support their
beliefs of overthrowing the government
Need to industrialize nations
Artisans or peasants who wanted older economic values
**Causes/Motives of the Revolutions
continued
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Enlightenment thinkers
challenged regimes that didn’t
grant religious freedoms or
insisted on aristocratic privilege
Commercialization caused
merchants to challenge idea that
aristocrats hold highest power
Population increase made it
harder for anyone not aristocrat
to gain office; led to protesting
Comparison of Causes and Motivations of
Revolutions
Haiti
Slaves wanted
vengeance
 Slaves retained
culture, wanted to
reinstate it
 Planters wanted
independence
from France
Free people of
color wanted
citizenship
 Slaves wanted
freedom (under
cruel conditions)
 Haitians
received little
profit from
plantations
(French got it all)

Mexico
China
France
America
Latin America

 Increasing
 Large
 Resisted

internal disorders
Pressure from
foreign
governments
Weakness of
central
government
(under Manchus)
Imperial plan to
nationalize the
railway (wealthy
gentry stood to
lose investments)
Urban
intellectuals
advocated
westernization
 Military wanted
freedom
population as
disease, food
shortages&
mortality declined
Capitalism
introduced,
economy grew
In lean years,
90% of peasantry
lived at or below
subsistence level
 Kings competed
with officers for
authority; kings
wanted monarchy
 King had been
involved in
religious
controversies
Britain's attempts
to impose taxes
and trade controls
on colonies
 Overpopulation
led young men to
seek new
opportunities
 Growing
commerce led to
farmers and
artisans looking
for ways to defend
social equality and
community spirit
 Stamp Act of
1765 on all
documents and
pamphlets
Only select few
were wealthy and
educated; expense
came to laborers
 People wanted
representation
(were politically
repressed)
Maldistribution
of land
(Expansion of
large landed
estates)
 Conflict with
foreign powers
(Ex: U.S.) and
influx of foreign
capital
 Mistreatment of
American Indians
Conflict and
invasion in mother
country
(Legitimacy of
rulers)
 Restrictions on
education and
trade
 Conflict
between political
values (liberals
and conservatives)
 American,
French, and
Haitian
Revolutions
 Resented
taxation and
policies of mother
countries
**Effects of Revolutions on Women continued
Before Revolutions
After Revolutions
 Women expected to be wives and
 Women allowed to be educated: at first
mothers; could not vote or hold political
office
 Unmarried women under authority of
their fathers
 Once married, couldn't work, enter into
contracts, or control own estates without
husband’s permission
 Enlightenment ideas enforced beliefs
that women biologically and socially
different from men and should stick to
domestic tasks
 Women secluded within homes; had to
wear long skirts or dresses
 Lower class women had more freedom
than those of upper class
the sole purpose was to train them for
“enlightened” role within the home
 Demand for teachers allowed for higher
education; women became more confident
and advocated women’s rights
 As 20th century progressed, women
gained right to vote in addition to other
civil liberties (Ex: raised hemline of
dresses)
 When men went off to war, left
openings in factory positions which were
filled by women (proved themselves able
to work in even heavy industry, including
munitions)
**Rise of Democracy
пЃ®

In Mexican Revolution, new constitution
formed in 1917 that:
- Redistributed land from wealthy
landowners to peasants
- was 1st to recognize collective labor rights
- limited the foreign ownership of key
resources
Haitian Revolution, gave more equality to
people of color and gained independence
from France
- Inspired other countries to form own
democracy
- Early constitutions balanced popular
representation by imposing property
restrictions of voters
Rise of Democracy
 **French Revolution:
- Assembly published Declaration of
Rights of Man and of the Citizen on
August 26, 1789
- Assembly became legislature of new
government (parliament)
- Constitution proclaimed individual
rights
Rise of Democracy
пЃ®
**Chinese Revolution:
- Constitution formed
limited emperor’s power;
said that parliamentary
elections be held within 6
months of formation of
government
- Provincial assemblies were
established in 1909
- National, democratically
elected Consultative
Assembly formed in 1910
Rise of Democracy
пЃ®

**American Revolution:
- May 10, 1776, Congress allows each
of colonies to form local governments
- July 4, 1776, Declaration of
Independence
- U.S. Constitution set up in 1789 with
checks and balances between different
branches, guarantees of individual
liberties, and limited voting rights
**Latin America
- Local leaders were taking positions
of greater importance
-- Freedom of trade was reached both
within the nations and internationally
**Negative Effects of the
Revolutions
пЃ®

Mexican Revolution
- Devastated the country
- Killed 1.5 million people
- Ranching and farming were
disrupted
French Revolution- Radical phase resulted in
deaths of opponents of
revolution aided by guillotine
- Incited further war,
especially under Napoleon, in
other countries
- Destruction of property
Destroyed Buildings
**Negative Effects of the Revolution
continued
пЃ®

Haitian Revolution
- Africans seen by General
Leclerc (invading French
officer) immediately killed
- Instilled fear among slave
owners, tighter restriction on
slave rights (slaves couldn’t be
taught to read)
American Revolution
- Deaths of about 7,000
Americans
- New government deeply in
debt, had to pay soldier’s
salaries in addition to cost of
food and weapons
пЃ®

Chinese Revolution
- Reforms didn’t benefit the
peasants; benefited military, and
aristocrats
- Didn’t provide ample
opposition against the warlords
- Reforms made were not social,
mainly political
Latin America
- Did not receive full
independence; still dependent
European and U.S.
economics
Bibliography
пЃ®





Modern China: The 1911 Revolution by Richard Hooker; copyright 1996
http:www.wsu.edur.8080/~dee/MODCHINA/REV.HTM
Map-the Chinese Revolution by Matthew White; copyright 1997
http:users.erols.com/mwhite28/chin-rev.htm
Chinese Revolution; copyright Tiscali 2004
http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutcinson/m005603.html
Nationalist Party of China
http://encylopedia.thefreedictionary.comNationalist%20Party%20of%20
China
The Haitian Revolution by Joanne Spadaro of School of Information Science and
Policy at University of Albany, SUNY.
http://www.albany.edu/~js3980/haitian-revolution.html
The Haitian Revolution by Richard Hooker; copyright 1996
http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/DIASPORTA/HAITI.HTM
Bibliography continued
пЃ®





Equality of Opportunity (Image)
www.edci.purdue.edu/…/summer_institute.html
The World Book Encyclopedia Set
World Book, Inc. in Chicago. Copyright 2004
The Mexican Revolution of 1910; updated April 2004
http://www.mexonline.com/revolution.htm
November 20: Commemoration of the Mexican Revolution; copyright 1999-2004
http://www.inside-mexico.com/revolucion.htm
Mexican Revolution by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Revolution
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution
A Collaboration of Center for History and New Media and American Social History
Project
http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/#
Bibliography continued
пЃ®






French Revolution by Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution
The History Place
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/
Legislature.gif (image)
www.ils.unc.edu/daniel/BOTNET/legislature.gif
The Mexican Revolution: The Overthrow of Diaz and The Madero Regime 19101920; by Matthew White; last updated August 2000
users.erols.com-mwhite28/mexico.htm
Haiti; wuarchive.wustl.edu/~aminet/pix/map/Haiti.jpg
Haiti’s Long March Toward Freedom by J. Damu of the San Franciso Bay View;
December 2003
kwsnet.com/weblog/2004/01/03.html
The Struggle of Haitian workers- their alliance with Steelworkers Local by Steve
Gillis. Boston, October 14, 1991
www.iacenter.org/haiti/boston-bus.htm
Bibliography continued
пЃ®





The Phases of the French Revolution. October 20, 2004
http://www.historyhome.co.uk
Louis XVI by Brooklyn College History Department. Copyright 1997
academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/…/0253/img0035.htm
Modern History Sourcebook: Radical Women during the English Revolution
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17women.html
A Discourse Upon the Origin and the Foundation of the Inequality Among Mankind
by Jean Jacques Rousseau
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1782rousseau-inequal.html
A Declaration by the Representatives of the United States of America, in General
Congress Assembled. Copyright 1998
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/jefferson-autobio.html
Image-government.jpg
lawweb.usc.edu/…/pages/hoffman-profile.html
Bibliography continued
пЃ®






The History Carper. Copyright 2000, Third millennium Publishing
3mpub.com/carper
The American Revolution. Copyright 2000 by Addison-Wesley Education
Publishers Inc.
www.loyno.edu/~seduffy/maps.html
Revolutions effect on the role of women in China and Russia (2004)
http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/index.htm
Creativity and Ancient China
www.china.org.cn/english/NTW/200333.htm
http://www.onwar.com/aced/data/sierra/sanmartin1814.htm
Brazil in South America
www.natal-brazil.com/maps/
Peru-flag
www.truthinmedia.org/…/tim2000-8-10.html
Bibliography continued
пЃ®
пЃ®




www.betabodega.com/…/photogallery.php
Racism, History, and Lies
www.suppressedhistories.net/catalog/intl2.html
Women Protesting Labor
visualhistory.freewebpages.org/TurnofCentury.html
Battle of Ayacucho; Microsoft Encarta 96 Encyclopedia.
Copyright 1993-1995; Funk & Wagnalls Corporation
Microsoft Clip Art Gallery
World Civilizations: The Global Experience 4th edition
By: Peter N. Stearns, Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, and
Marc Jason Gilbert. Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
12
Размер файла
1 402 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа