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LONDON

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LONDON
HISTORY
• AD 43 – established as a civilian town by
the Romans – Londinium
• AD 60 – destroyed by the Iceny ( a Celtic
tribe led by Queen Boudica)
• AD 70 – a complete recovery
• 2nd century – the capital of Roman Britain
• London Wall
• AD 200
• defense against
the Saxon invaders
• the statue of
Trajan
• Anglo-Saxon settlement = Lundenwic
(1 mile to the west of Londinium)
Lundenwic = London trading town
• 9th century
– Viking attacks
• Alfred the Great
– beginning of
the City of London
• the Norman Conquest in 1066
• the White Tower
• St John´s
Chapel
London Bridge – then:
and now:
• Great Fire of London – September 1666
• started at
the bakery
on Pudding Lane
• consumed
-13,200 houses
-87 churches
-St PaulВґs Cathedral
Sir Christopher Wren
rebuilt 50 churches
+ St PaulВґs Cathedral
in the City of London
St PaulВґs Cathedral
old (before 1666)
new (1710)
19th century
•
•
•
•
•
•
the worldВґs largest city
the capital of the British Empire
the Metropolitan Police
railway stations
the London Underground
1851 - the Great Exhibition
Trafalgar Square
the Houses of Parliament
+ Big Ben
The Royal Albert Hall
The Proms = summer eight-week festival
of classical music
The Victoria and Albert Museum
the worldВґs largest museum of decorative arts
(ceramics, glass,
textile, costumes,
jewellery,furniture,
sculpture, drawings,
photographs …)
The Tate Gallery
(now called Tate Britain)
British Art
and
International
Modern and
Contemporary
Art
Tower Bridge
- opened in 1894
- 244 m long
- 65 m high
• 1940 – 1941 – bombing of London
• 1948 – Summer Olympic Games
(Wembly Stadium)
• 1952 – Great Smog
21st century
• Millenium Dome
• London Eye
• tall buildings
LONDON DISTRICTS
• City of London = business and financial
centre
• City of Westminster = governmental centre
• West End = shopping and entertainment
centre
• East End = poverty, immigrants
Greenwich
LONDON PARKS
•
•
•
•
•
Green Park
St JamesВґs Park
Hyde Park
Kensington Gardens
RegentВґs Park (ZOO)
TRANSPORT IN LONDON
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