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Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London? History

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Unit 5: How do we know about the
Great Fire of London?
History
Can you name this city?
This is London
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
This picture shows a monument in
London. It was built in memory of the
Great Fire of London.
Here is a close-up of the
top of the monument. Can
you see the sculpture of an
urn of fire?
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
When did the Great Fire take place?
1850s:
Florence
Nightingale
Nowadays
1666:
The Great Fire
of London
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
Look at these pictures. Do you know who these people are?
Can you tell what period in history they are from?
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
This is Charles II
Charles was King of England at the time
of the Great Fire of London.
This is Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys was an MP and naval official
who kept a diary which describes the events
of the Great Fire of London.
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
How did the fire start?
St. Paul’s
Cathedral
The fire started during
the night, in a baker’s shop
on Pudding Lane
Within three days, it had
spread throughout most of
the north of London
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
Tower of
London
History
Why did the fire spread so quickly?
Most of the houses in London were made of
wood, and had straw scattered on the floor,
so they burned very easily.
Houses were built very close together,
so the fire spread quickly from house
to house.
There was no proper fire service, and
the fire was too large for people to put
it out using buckets of water.
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
How did the fire end?
Some houses were destroyed with gunpowder to stop the fire
Some houses were torn down to prevent the spread of the fire
The wind, which had been fanning the flames, stopped.
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
How was gunpowder used to stop the fire?
The fire
spread from
house to house
Gunpowder was
used to
destroy houses
to make a gap
The fire
couldn’t spread
past the gap,
so the houses
on the other
side were
saved
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
History
What were the results of the Great Fire?
6 people lost their lives.
87 churches were destroyed, including
St. Pauls cathedral.
About 13,200 houses were destroyed.
New fire brigades were set up to stop
something like this happening again..
People began to take out fire insurance.
St. Paul’s cathedral
was rebuilt between
1675 and 1708 by an
architect called
Christopher Wren
Unit 5: How do we know about the Great Fire of London?
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