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lesson 1 London docklands

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Key Q2.3 – What are the issues
of the inner city?
Case Study: London Docklands
Case study 2 : Cardiff Bay
You need to know:
1. The causes of inner city decline are.
2. The motivations for regeneration
3. The soc/eco/environmental impacts of the
regeneration scheme.
4. Be able to evaluate the impacts – looking for
the positives and negatives.
Today’s key words
•
•
•
•
•
Deindustrialisation
Dereliction
Wasteland
Social exclusion
Global economic changes
London Docklands
Background/Context
Is the semi-official name for an area in east and
southeast London, England. It forms part of the boroughs
of Southwark, Tower Hamlets, Lewisham, Newham and Greenwich.
An urban development corporation set up by Michael Heseltine
aimed to tackle the huge decline in the economy since closures in
1960.
The docks were formerly part of the Port of London, at one time
the world's largest port. They have now been redeveloped
principally for commercial and residential use.
It did, however, create conflict between the new and old
communities of the London Docklands
What are the
characteristics of inner
city areas (before
regeneration)?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2T
HOiPFvZmc
• London docklands video
The Area of Regeneration
London Docklands
• Using the cards, sort them into:
• Reasons for the regeneration
• The impacts – positive and negative
social/economic/environmental
• Create a mind map
Yellow =
causes/motivations of
decline
Green = enviro
impacts/consequences
Blue = economic imacts
Red = social impacts
Quick Quiz
1. What is a UDC?
2. What does LDDC stand for?
3. Name two problems that exist in the inner
city?
4. Name two things the LDDC did to regenerate
London Docklands.
5. Over what time period did the LDDC
operate?
Answers
1. Urban development Corporation.
2. The London Docklands Development
Corporation.
3. Derelict land/ghettos/unemployment etc
4. Planting 100,00 trees/building new
apartments/ etc
5. 1981-1998 = 17 yrs
Economic
Environmental
What was
actually done
London
Docklands
Social
Reasons
positive
negative
Failures
• Property demands and rise in house prices has
led to friction between new arrivals and old
docklands communities.
• Unhappy with airport and associated
problems eg noise and pollution
• Lack of appropriate jobs – financial /high
skilled sectors.
• Culture and community spirit has been lost.
• Lack of affordable council housing built.
• It gas become a status symbol of Thatcher’s
Britain and has been bombed by IRA.
What are the issues of the inner
city?
• http://www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk/vtc/200910/geog/investigating-settlement-change-inmedcs/english/what-are-the-issues-of-theinner-city/liverpool/introduction/starter.html
Exam Prac
British inner cities
• Using all that we’ve done in the last few lessons,
answer these questions:
• Describe two major issues that have been faced
by inner cities (10)
• Explain how local authorities may go about
addressing these issues to improve the inner city
(10)
• Suggest primary and secondary data that needs
to be collected in order to investigate problems
in inner city areas (10)
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