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Intro to immigration to London.

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1956
What kind of people would
you find in this street?
2006
London is...
home to people of every
race and faith. More
than 300 languages are
spoken here, and whilst
some cultural groups
have been here for
centuries, 30% of
Londoners today were
born abroad
Your homework today:
- Conduct an interview with
someone who came originally
from another country, or whose
family did.
- (We will come up with the
questions later in this lesson)
• Out of every 1,000 people in London,
on average:
•120 are Asian
•114 are White non-British
•109 are Black
•32 are of mixed race
•11 are Chinese
• In 2001, 25% of people living in Greater
London were born abroad.
• Map to be projected onto board – students
mark with board pen where they think
immigrants have come to London from
UK
Asia
(China)
(India)
Caribbean
(Vietnam)
Africa
As you listen to the story of the people who came to London, draw
a line to show where on the timeline the boxes should go.
John
Blanke
played at
the court
of Henry
VIII
1500
1600
Chinese
immigrants
settled in
London
1700
Vietnamese
immigrants
began to
arrive
1800
1900
2000
People
were invited
to come
from other
countries to
settle here,
and help
rebuild!
Arrival of the
Windrush
Trade
started to
bring
people from
afar to
London
Britain started
to build an
empire
Bangladeshi
people began to
arrive in London
Africans brought to
London by those
involved in the
slave trade, and
made to work as
domestic servants
The Romans
brought some
black soldiers
with them
• Britain was always a land of
immigrants – we all came from
somewhere!
• Roman art found in London
dating from 100-300AD shows
that black soldiers travelled
with the Romans to Britain.
• In about 1450, Britain started to do a lot of
international TRADE
• Why might this bring foreign people to
London?
• In the ports of London, people would have
seen soldiers and sailors from all over the
globe
Empire
• From about 1500, Britain started to build
up colonies in Asia and Africa.
Some of the native people of these and
other European colonies came to
London.
Let’s look at the story of one man…
• It appears that John Blanke,
a Black trumpeter, was a
regular musician at the court
of Henry VIII (1509-1549).
Musicians' payments were
noted in the accounts of the
Treasurer of the Chamber,
who was responsible for
paying the wages. There are
several payments recorded
to a 'John Blanke, the blacke
trumpeter'.
Impact of the slave trade?
• During the eighteenth century (1700s) the
enormous Atlantic slave trade brought many
black Africans to Britain. Sea captains and
plantation owners returning home from America
would bring slaves back with them to work as
servants.
• By the 1760s, the Black population had grown to
somewhere between 20,000 and 40,000;
Granville Sharp estimated the number of black
servants in London alone at 20,000, in a city of
676,250 people
20th century
After the Second World
War (1939-45), the British
government wanted to
rebuild!
• There were not enough British people for
the job, so the Government looked to the
empire.
• In the post-war period heavy
immigration from countries of the
old British Empire changed the
character of the London. Notting
Hill and Brixton acquired large
Caribbean populations, and Sikhs
settled in Southall.
•The first large ship
carrying people from
Jamaica was called the
Windrush. It arrived in
1948.
Chinese and Vietnamese Immigration
• 1960s: The next major wave of
immigration came in the 1960's.
Land reform in Hong Kong brought
farmers to Britain in search of a
new livelihood. Many settled in
Soho, drawn to the booming
Chinese restaurant trade. (By this
time British soldiers from the war in
the Far East had created a new
customer base for Chinese cuisine.)
• 1970s: Lewisham and Lambeth
became the next focal points for
Chinese immigrants in the late
1970s when Vietnamese Chinese
people fled the Vietnam War
Bangladeshi Immigration
• In the 1970s, immigration reforms also
allowed Bangladeshi people to come to
England, fleeing the political troubles
there. Many of the first immigrants settled
in Whitechapel where they worked mainly
in the rug trade.
In the last 10 years
• People have immigrated
from many other
countries, and continue
to do so.
• Who are the new ethnic
groups in London today?
•Have a look at
the board again
– did you
choose the right
places?
What to do now?
Spend 1 minute checking the timeline of the
person next to you.
Then open your book and write the title:
The history of
multiculturalism
This is your chance to think about the kind of
questions you want to ask for your
research project…
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