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Sanitary-hygiene
requirements in the field
of milk and dairy
production
Dr. Sabina Jotkova
Town of Tsar
Kaloian
19.10.2007
Structure of presentation
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From the farm to the fork
European legislation
Bulgarian legislation
State of the stock-breeding in the
dairy sector
Problems with yield of qualitative
milk
Future directions
From the farm to the fork
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Control on the fodders and nutritios
supplements for farm animals
Human attitude to the animals
Healthy animals - qualitative raw
materials
GPP и HACCP in processing
enterprises
Conception for traceability and
system for fast warning
European legislation
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EU Directive 93/43ЕЕС /hygiene of foodstuffs/ 1993. This document imparts
legislative character to the system НАССР for development, introducing and
regulating of control. In it are set down requirements of the Codex Alimentarius,
but with it are accepted the principles of the НАССР system.
The EU white book for food security-2000г. In it is done analysis of food
diseases and is indicated the responsibility of all participants in the food line
(from the farm to the plate) for providing of food security.
Regulation 178/2002, which introduces the basic principles and requirements of
the EU Law for Foods.
EU Directive 92/46ЕЕС, enacts ?Sanitary-hygiene rules for production and
market realization of raw milk, heat treated milk and dairy products? - 1992.
Regulation 852/2004/ЕС, regarding the common rules for foodstuffs
enterprises, concerning the foodstuffs hygiene.
Regulation 853/2004/ЕС, regarding determination of the specific hygiene codes
for animal origin foods.
Bulgarian legislation
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Strategy for the milk stock-breeding and the raw milk quality improvement
for the period 2006-2009
Law for support of farm producers
Law for veterinary-medical activity
Law for foods
Law for fodders
Law for stock-breeding
Ordinance No.44/20.04.2006 for the veterinary-medical requirements for the
stock-breeding objects.
Ordinance No.51/20.04.2006 for the national reserve, individual milk quotas,
purchasers and cow milk purchasing approval.
Ordinance No.61/09.05.2006 for the terms and rules for animals? identification,
stock-breeding objects registration and the access to the identified animals data
base.
(project) ORDINANCE FOR SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR PRODUCTION,
CONSERVATION AND TRANSPORTATION OF RAW COW MILK AND
REQUIREMENTS FOR TRADE AND INTRODUCTION ON THE DAIRY
PRODUCTS MARKET
Veterinary-medical requirements for
extraction of raw milk
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Raw milk is extracted from animals, free of infectious
diseases, not treated with substances dangerous for
the humans? health, which are excreted through the
milk.
Raw milk is extracted from farms, registered and
controlled from the NVMS, which correspond to the
zoo-hygiene and veterinary-medical requirements.
Milking is done with strict observing of hygiene
requirements /washing, drying, test milking, placing of
cups, disinfection of teats after milking/.
The staff, busy with extraction and and conservation of
the raw milk, should have certified health licences,
clean clothing and good personal hygiene.
Ветеринарно-санитарни изисквания
при добив на сурово мляко-2
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Rooms for milk conservation should be easy for
cleaning and disinfection, with appropriate
illumination, ventilation, isolation and protected
against pests.
Devices for extraction and conservation of milk
are liable to regular cleaning and disinfection.
The owner or the manager in the farm leads
primary accounting.
Chemicals, disinfectors and medicines are kept
separately in locked premises or cupboards.
Regular removal of the stable manure and the
rest of wastes.
EXAMPLES of REQUIREMENTS according to
REGULATIONS ? 853/2004
CATEGORY
Transition
timelinits
TNM
TNSC
BUILDING FUND
up to 100,000/мl
up to 400,000/мл
Covered requirements
from 300,000/мl
to 100,000/мl
up to 400,000/мl
Milk farm
I group
Start 2008
End 2009
II group
III group
Covered requirements
Till the
2007 end
from 500,000/мl
to 300,000/мl
from 500,000/мl
to 400,000/мl
Till the
2007 end
up to 500,000/мl
up to 500,000/мl
Not met requirements
Requirements by ordinance ? 44 to
the milk-yielding farms
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Stable buildings, constructed according to the
normative requirements for protection and human
attitude to the animals, having constant fence / 1.50 m
high /, not allowing free access of people and animals,
with entrance and checkpoint.
Presence of separate premises for animals from
different technological groups.
Have equipment for yield and premises for
conservation of milk till its delivery for processing
There are appropriate conditions for veterinary-medical
service and for hospital treatment.
There are detached maternity boxes or provided
maternity room.
There are premises and ground for open-air breeding
of calves.
STATE OF STOCK-BREEDING IN DAIRY SECTOR ? 1 jUNE
2007
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Milch cows total number
by:2005г.:350,000
Milk producers with quota for
deliveries and direct sale total
number: 96,572
STRUCTURE OF THE MILK HERD OFCATTLES IN BULGARIA
14%
8%
78%
INDICATORS
CATEGORY
1 group
Farms number
Milch cows number
Average number in farm
2 group
3 group
1,145
1,353
47,970
28,779
42
21
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Problems with qualitative milk yield
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Antiquated, worn out technics/milking units, milk conservation coolers.
Insufficient staff erudition.
Bad selection of animals; low average productivity.
Not balanced feeding and inappropriate exploitation.
Poor demand of veterinary-medical services, frequent and
incompetent use of veterinary-medical medicines from owners.
Building fund and breeding systems, not meeting the Ordinance ?44
requirements.
Bad prevention, bad hygiene in premises and bad milking hygiene.
Lack of investments in innovations and modernizations in farms.
Bad management.
Insufficient motivation.
Future trends
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Introducing of GFP concerning the use of pastures,
utilization of stable manure, choice of appropriate breeding
and milking systems
Modernization of building fund, adjacent premises, technics
and equipment
Introducing of good hygiene practices in ПСМ-F
Investments in farms, allowing improvement of
effectiveness, increasing of competitive power, adopting of
know-how and use of consulting services.
Thank You for the
attention !
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