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Theistic Evolution

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Theistic Evolution
1
What is Theistic Evolution?
“Middle of the road” approach
 Belief in both evolution and God
- usually in that order
 “[They] consider evolution to be a fact, but
they believe that it has been divinely
directed instead of coming about through
natural processes.” (Bolton Davidheiser,
“Evolution and the Christian Faith”, 1969)
2
The Catholic Acceptance
In the October 1996 statement to
the Pontifical Academy of Sciences,
Pope John Paul II threw the authority of
the Roman Catholic Church behind the
theory of evolution, saying that “. . . fresh
knowledge leads to recognition of the
theory of evolution as more than just a
hypothesis.” (See the Catholic Information
Network at http://www.cin.org/jp2evolu.html)
3
Growing Acceptance
“The major churches, however,
gradually abandoned their initial
condemnations, and their view of
evolutionist biological theories is
accommodating.”
(A Dictionary of Philosophy,
concerning Darwinism)
4
Growing Acceptance
“If we look carefully at the issues about which
we are talking, however, we can find that
evolution and the Bible show amazing
agreement on almost all issues and that one is
not mutually exclusive of the other.”
(John N Clayton, lecturer, “The Source” 1976)
5
Various Theories
Progressive creationism, scientific
creationism, threshold evolution, etc
 God created the building blocks spontaneous generation took over from there
 God created matter and life - but allowed
evolution to operate through natural laws
 At some point, God endowed a man-like
beast with a soul, and made the first human
6
Fundamentalist Intolerance
“Evolution is based on the assumption that one
must explain all things naturally. It is
inconsistent to bring in God at the very
beginning of the process, or anywhere along the
line. The miraculous destroys scientific
explanations.” (James D Bales,
“Theistic Evolution and Genesis”,
1974)
7
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Theistic evolution requires that the process
of creation (evolution) is still occurring
 Contradicts what the Bible says: that God
finished His creation at the end of day six
 If evolution are indeed part of the laws of
nature, it must still be happening.
“It is unreasonable to think that
evolution would go thus far and
no further.”
8
(Bolton Davidheiser, 1969)
Transhumanism
Problems with Theistic Evolution
“When a theologian accepts evolution
as the process used by the Creator, he
must be willing to go all the way
with it. Not only is it an orderly
process, it is a continuing one.
Nothing was finished on the seventh
day; the process of creation is still
going on.” (Dr Kirtley F Mather, Harvard
University, 1960)
9
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Inconsistent with the nature of God
 Inconsistent with the omnipotence of God - no
necessity for eons of time to effect His creation
 Inconsistent with the omniscience of God evolution postulates that there were many trials
and errors and dead-ends in the evolutionary
path - God does not work by trial and error
 Inconsistent with the eternal purpose of God creation of man in His image
10
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Cannot explain Man as the “image of God”
 Man reduced to a “Naked Ape”, merely a
“higher animal” and not the image of God
 Man was created directly from the “dust of the
ground” (Genesis 2:7) - not from lower animal
life-form that look like humans
 Evolution cannot explain presence of a soul in
man - if the theistic evolutionist is willing to
concede the soul came from God, then why not
the body too as Genesis tells us?
11
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Cannot reconcile with Eve
 Evolutionists believes the sexes
evolved from asexual ancestors
 But Genesis excludes any possibility of
natural evolution
12
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Eve was created from a rib taken out of
Adam’s side (Genesis 2:21-23)
пЃ¬
Affirmed by Christ (Matthew 19:4)
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Totally incompatible with evolution and cannot
be reconciled
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Cannot explain the Fall of Man
 Evolution dictates that man is ascending evolutionary processes continue to improve
man generation after generation
 Contradicts God’s word which
tells us man is degenerating
- because sin and death entered
the world after his Fall
13
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Contradicts what Christ said
 Christ affirmed man was made at the beginning
(Matthew 19:4, Mark 10:6). He was at the beginning
and all things were made through Him (John 1:1-3).
 “The theory that God created the world by means
of organic evolution rejects the Bible account of
creation in Genesis, and rejects Christ who
endorsed these writings, and in so doing makes
Christ an ignoramus and the Christian religion a
false religion.” (Gus Nichols, “The Bible versus
14
Liberalism”, 1972)
Problems with Theistic Evolution
Irreconcilable?
W h a t th e B ib le s a y s
15
W h a t e v o lu tio n s a y s
L ig h t e x is te d b e fo re th e S u n w a s
m a d e (G e n e s is 1 :3 ,1 6 )
T h e S u n is th e e a rth ’s firs t
lig h t
L ife c re a te d a c c o rd in g to in d iv id u a l
g ro u p s a n d a fte r its o w n k in d
(G e n e s is 1 :1 1 ,1 2 ,2 1 ,2 4 ,2 5 )
A ll life c a m e fro m a c o m m o n
p rim itiv e life s o u rce
F irs t life fo rm w e re p la n ts (G e n e s is
1 :1 1 )
M a rin e o rg a n is m s c a m e firs t
F ru it b e a rin g tre e s c a m e b e fo re fis h
(G e n e s is 1 :1 1 ,2 0 )
F is h e v o lve d b e fo re tre e s
P la n ts w e re c re a te d b e fo re th e S u n
(G e n e s is 1 :1 1 ,1 4 )
T h e S u n e x is te d m illio n s o f
y e a rs b e fo re p la n ts
Problems with Theistic Evolution
W h a t th e B ib le s a y s
16
W h a t e v o lu tio n s a y s
B ird s c re a te d o n D a y 5 a n d
c re e p in g th in g s (in c lu d in g in se c ts
a n d re p tile s ) o n D a y 6 (G e n e s is
1 :2 1 ,2 4 )
B ird s d e ve lo p e d lo n g a fte r
in s e c ts a n d re p tile s
M a n m a d e fro m d u s t o f th e g ro u n d
(G e n e s is 2 :7 , 3 :1 9 , 1 C o rin th ia n s
1 5 :4 5 , 2 C o rin th ia n s 5 :1 )
M a n o rig in a te d fro m th e se a
H u m a n s w e re m a d e m a le a n d
fe m a le fro m th e b e g in n in g (G e n e s is
1 :2 7 , 2 :7 , 2 2 , M a tth e w 1 9 :4 )
M a le a n d fe m a le e v o lve d fro m
b is e x u a l o rg a n is m s
M a n e x is te d fro m th e b e g in n in g
(M a tth e w 1 9 :4 , M a rk 1 0 :6 , R o m a n s
1 :2 0 , Is a ia h 4 0 :2 1 , L u k e 1 1 :5 0 -5 1 )
M a n is a re ce n t d e ve lo p m e n t
c o m p a re d to th e h is to ry o f th e
u n iv e rse a n d th e e a rth
Problems with Theistic Evolution
W h a t th e B ib le s a y s
17
W h a t e v o lu tio n s a y s
G o d ’s w o rk o f c re a tio n fin is h e d o n
th e 6 th d a y (G e n e s is 2 :1 -2 )
E v o lu tio n s till in p ro g re s s –
n e w life fo rm s s till e v o lv in g
M a n h a s a s o u l th a t c a m e fro m G o d
a n d liv e s fo re ve r (G e n e s is 2 :7 , 1
C o rin th ia n s 1 5 :3 5 -5 8 )
E v o lu tio n ig n o re s th e s o u l –
o n ly a tte m p ts to e x p la in th e
m a te ria l
M a n c re a te d a m o ra l b e in g (G e n e s is
1 :2 6 -2 7 )
M a n ’s m o ra ls a re s u lt o f
e n v iro n m e n t a n d n o t in h e re n t
F irs t m a n e n d o w e d w ith la n g u a ge
(G e n e s is 2 :1 9 ff)
L a n g u a g e s k ills d e ve lo p e d
s lo w ly a s m a n m a tu re d
E a rly c iv ilis a tio n s a n d s o c ie tie s
w e re s o p h is tic a te d (G e n e s is
4 :2 1 ,2 2 , 6 :1 4 -1 6 , 1 1 :3 -6 ) w ith
a g ric u ltu re (G e n e s is 2 :9 ,1 5 -1 6 , 4 :2 )
E a rly m a n w a s v e ry p rim itive ,
te c h n o lo g ic a lly b a c k w a rd ,
c u ltu ra lly u n c iv ilis e d ,
le a rn in g to c u ltiv a te o ve r tim e
Theistic Evolution
18
Intolerance
The American Scientific
Affiliation, comprising of
scientists who believe in theistic
evolution, learnt in 1987 how
intolerant their evolutionist peers were,
when they tried to issue a call for more
open-mindedness, in view of the
numerous unanswered questions on
origin
19
Rejected by hardened naturalists
“The official scientific organisations are at war
with creationism and their policy is to demand
unconditional surrender.”
“Mixing religion with science is obnoxious to
Darwinists.” (Philip E Johnson, 1991)
20
Science vs God
“Whenever “science” and the Bible are in
conflict, it is always the Bible that, in one
manner or another, must give way. We are not
told that “science” should correct its answers
in the light of Scripture. Always it is the other
way around.”
(Edward J Young,
“Studies in Genesis 1”, 1964)
21
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