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YRBS PPT - Bureau of Indian Education

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Draft Power Point
2008 Bureau of Indian
Education
Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Agenda
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1. Welcome and review of agenda
2. Overview of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey
a. What is the YRBS
b. How the data are used
c. Do students tell the truth?
d. Highlights from 2005 BIA YRBS
3. Middle school and high school YRBS Questionnaires
4. Administering Surveys
a. Parent permission forms and Q&A’s for parents
b. Instructions for survey administrators
c. Script for survey administrators
d. School level information forms
5. After survey administration
a. Cleaning
b. Packaging
c. Tracking
6. School level reports
What is the YRBS
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Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Developed by the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC)
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A surveillance system
National YRBS
пЃ® State, local, territorial, tribal
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Paper and pencil, self-administered survey to
assess the most important health risk behaviors
among youth
Purpose
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Focus the nation on behaviors among youth
causing the most important health problems
Assess how risk behaviors change over time
Provide comparable data
Behaviors that Contribute to the Leading
Causes of Morbidity and Mortality
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Unintentional injuries and violence
Tobacco use
Alcohol and other drug use
Sexual behaviors
Unhealthy dietary behaviors
Inadequate physical activity
How are the Data Used?
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Describe risk behaviors
Create awareness
Set program goals
Develop programs and policies
Support health-related legislation
Seek funding
Do Students Tell the Truth?
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While a very small number of students do not answer
the YRBS honestly, most students tell the truth.
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Survey environment
Questionnaire design and content
Edit checks
Logic within groups of questions
Comparison of YRBS data with data from other surveys
Consistency over time
Subgroup differences
Psychometric studies
BIE YRBS
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History
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Middle School (MS) YRBS
Grades 6-8
пЃ® 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
пЃ® All schools and all students eligible
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High School (HS) YRBS
Grades 9-12
пЃ® 1994, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2005
пЃ® All schools and all students eligible
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Results
2008 Questionnaires
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Middle School (grades 6-8)
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High School (grades 9-12)
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50 questions
87 questions
Questionnaires and item rational available on the
web:
www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/questionnaire_rationale.htm
Middle School
Questionnaire
High School
Questionnaire
Item Rationale
Parent Permission Forms
Bureau of Indian Education
2008 Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Frequently Asked Questions
(For back of Parent Permission Form)
Data Collection
Instructions
Remember: First priority is
protecting student privacy
MS versus HS
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Middle school – grades 6-8
High school – grades 9-12
What if the school has overlapping MS and HS
grades?
Examples:
пЃ® K-6
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only 6th grade students get MS survey
6-12
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6-8 get MS survey; 9-12 get HS survey
Activities to Do Before You Get to
the School
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Talk to school administrators to arrange a date
and time to conduct the survey (aim for a day
in October or early November). You may need
to work with the school to get help
administering the survey to all of the students.
BIE schools on the Navajo Nation reservation
will take Navajo survey.
Activities to Do Before You Get to
the School
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Which Day?
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No major events (eg, field trip)
Not the day right before or after holiday/vacation
Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday is best
What time of day?
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Second period is best
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Try to avoid homeroom, first period, last period, split classes
Don’t forget non-traditional classes (work-study, teacher’s
aids)
Combine very small classes (best to have at least 10 students)
Activities to Do Before You Get to
the School
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Distribute Parent Permission Form and Q&As
(copied back to back)
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Follow school procedures
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Send home with parents
Mail to parents
Parents return form ONLY if they do NOT want their
child to participate
Use active permission form if school requires
Activities to Do Before You Get to
the School
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Talk to school principal and teachers a few days
before the survey to
remind them
пЃ® confirm the day
пЃ® make sure no unexpected issues arise that would limit
student participation
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Materials to Take to the School
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HS: Survey booklets.
MS: Questionnaires and answer sheets.
Blank pieces of paper (to hide their answers).
Sharpened pencils for each student.
One “Script for Survey Administrators” for each person
who will give the survey.
A “School-Level Information Form.”
A list of classrooms to be surveyed and their location.
An envelope or box in which students can put their
completed answer sheets.
Administering the Survey
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If possible, all students in one day
Spread out students’ desks/seats as much as
possible
Distribute surveys/pencils and instruct students
to wait for your instructions
Remind students to use only the (no. 2) pencil
provided
Students can keep pencils when finished
Administering the Survey
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Read “Script for Survey Administrators”
Script is very important.
пЃ® Ensures all students get the same instructions
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Administering the Survey
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Do not allow students or teachers or survey
administrators to walk around the room
Neither students nor adults should talk during
survey
Do not answer any questions about words on
the survey
Tell students to “do the best you can or skip that
question”
пЃ® Ensures consistency across surveys
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Administering the Survey
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Students with reading difficulties
If you think most or all of the students will have
difficulty reading the survey, you can read to entire
class
пЃ® Avoid reading to just a few students
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Disruptive to others in class
пЃ® Risk student privacy
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Avoid classes where all or most students are not
capable of taking the survey (eg, non-mainstreamed
students)
Administering the Survey
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When students finished:
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HS: close booklet
MS: turn over answer sheet
Students should not fill in the class or school ID on the
back of the booklet or answer sheet
Students may keep their pencil
When everyone is finished, have them put their
booklets or answer sheets in a box or envelop
Administrators should not look at student answers at
any time during administration.
Make-Ups
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First priority: student privacy
If a large number of students were absent,
consider a make-up session.
Group students into groups of 10 or more for
make-up session. Follow same procedures (eg,
read the script)
Processing/Returning Answer
Sheets
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Be sure to keep MS and HS surveys separate.
The surveys are different!
Complete the “School Level Information Form”
If your school has middle school grades (6-8)
and high school grades (9-12), you need a
“School Level Information Form” for each
grade level
Without this form, we cannot process your
school’s data
Processing/Returning Answer
Sheets
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Definitions:
YRBS school number: You should get this from
BIE. It is a special number assigned to your school
for the YRBS
пЃ® Enrollment: The number of students registered in
the school for each grade level
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NOT the number of students who took the survey
Keep MS form with completed MS answer
sheets and HS form with completed HS
booklets
Prepare Booklets or Answer Sheets
for Scanning
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Before returning booklets or answer sheets:
Are there stray marks? Erase if possible, copy on
clean booklet/answer sheet if necessary
пЃ® Is booklet/answer sheet folded, rumpled, ripped? If
yes, copy on clean booklet/answer sheet
пЃ® Did student use no 2 pencil? If not, use no 2 pencil
on top of the student’s answers.
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Get Ready to Mail
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Keep MS and HS survey separate.
Put MS “School-Level Information Form” on
top of completed answer sheets. Put them in
their own box or envelope.
Put HS “School-Level Information Form” on
top of completed booklets. Put them in their
own box or envelope.
Get Ready to Mail
Use trackable mailing method such as Fed Ex or
DHL to prevent lost school data.
пЃ® Mail to:
Jack Edmo, Jr.
Bureau of Indian Education
1011 Indian School Road, NW, Suite 332
Albuquerque, NM 87104
(505) 563-5266
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Get Ready to Mail
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Return completed booklets and answer sheets
by November 1, 2008
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Thank you!!
School Level Results
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School level results will be sent to school
principals if both:
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At least 60 percent of students participate
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Below this, data are not reliable
AND
пЃ® At least 20 students participate
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Fewer risks student privacy
Questions?
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Please call or email if you have ANY questions.
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Jack Edmo, BIE:
jedmo@bia.edu
(505) 563-5266
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Sherry Jones, CDC
sce2@cdc.gov
770-488-6185
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