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PR China Society and Culture

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CHINESE CULTURE AND SOCIETY
Jian Wang (Tina Wang)
January 2012
GENERAL INFORMATION
• Name: The People’s Republic of China
• Capital: Beijing
• Population: 1,370,536,875 (as 11 Nov. 2010)
• Land Area: Approximately 9.6 million square
kilometers
• Geographic Location:
In eastern Asia and on
the western shore of
the Pacific Ocean
• National Flag:
• National Emblem:
• Ethnic Groups: There are 56 ethnic groups in
China, among which the Han people account for
92% of the total population while the other 55
ethnic groups 8%.
• Languages and Characters: Fifty-three ethnic
groups speak their own languages and 23 ethnic
groups have their own writing scripts.
• Religions: Religions represented in China
include Buddhism, Daoism, Islam,
Catholicism and other Christian groups.
People are free to pursue any religion.
• Major Holidays: National Day: October 1;
International Labor Day: May 1; New Year’s
Day: January 1; Spring Festival: January 1 of
the lunar calendar - this is the biggest festival
in China.
• Currency: RMB ¥
• Time Difference: 1 hour earlier than Bangkok
Time.
• Climate: Eastern Asia monsoon climate.
History
• Slavery Based Society
•
•
•
•
Xia Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
Western Zhou Dynasty
Spring and Autumn Period
• Feudal Society
•
•
•
•
Warring States Period
Qin
Western Han
Eastern Han
• Three Kingdom
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Western Jin
Eastern Jin
Southern and Northern Dynasties
Sui Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
Five Dynasties
Song Dynasty
Liao Dynasty
Jin Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
•
•
•
•
Semi-Colonial and Semi-Feudal Society
1840-1911
The People’s Republic of China
October 1, 1949
YUNNAN
Geography
Southwest of Mainland of China
Area: 394,100 square kilometers
Borders:
West - Myanmar
South - Lao PDR and Vietnam
Capital City: Kunming
Geography (cont.)
Yunnan consists of sixteen prefecture-level divisions:
1. Kunming
2. Qujing
3. Yuxi
4. Baoshan
5. Zhaotong
6. Lijiang
7. Pu�er
8. Lincang
9. Dehong (Dai & Jingpo)
10. Nujiang (Lisu)
11. Diqing (Tibetan)
12. Dali (Bai)
13. Chuxiong (Yi)
14. Honghe (Hani & Yi)
15. Wenshan (Zhuang & Miao)
16. Xishuangbanna (Dai)
Of those 16 prefecture-level divisions, Yunnan
has 129 county-level divisions, and 1455
township-level divisions.
Population
Total population is about 45.97 millions. (2010)
Language
Local Language: Yunnan dialect. There are
different dialects in different area in Yunnan.
Some minorities have their own language.
(e.g. Dai people’s language is Dai which is
similar as Laos and Isan Thai.)
13
Economy
• GDP: RMB 7239.19 billion (2010), GDP per capita:
RMB15,749
• Structure of Output (% of GDP) : Agriculture 15.3%,
Industry 44.7%, Services 40%
•Exports : USD 76.06 billion (2010)
•Imports : USD 57.62 billion (2010)
•Tourism Income: RMB1006.83 billion (2010)
•Industries: tobacco, tourism, energy, biotechnology,
mining, machinery manufacturing, pharmaceutical
industry, agricultural processing, building materials
and paper industry;
Economy (cont.)
•Agriculture products: tea, flower, silk, sugarcane,
vegetable, coffee, fruit.
Ethnic Minorities
Achang (Dehong) Bai (Dali, Lijiang, Bulang
Buyi (The east of Dai (Xishuangbanna,
Nujiang)
(Xishuangbanna) Qujing)
Dehong)
16 (North of Yao(Wenshan,Honghe
Mongolian (Yuxi) Tibetan (Northwest Lahu (Southwest Dulong
of Yunnan)
of Yunnan)
Nujiang)
Xishuangbanna)
Ethnic Minorities
De’ang (Dehong, Miao (East of
West of Yunnan) Yunnan)
Pumi (Lijiang)
Nu (Nujing)
Zhuang (Wenshan, Hani (Middle and Yi (Various parts of
Qujing, Honghe) South of Yunnan) Yunnan)
Hui (Various parts Lisu17(Nujiang,
of Yunnan)
Baoshan, Lijiang)
Jinuo
( Xishuangbanna)
Ethnic Minorities
Naxi (Lijiang)
Shui (Qujing)
Wa (Simao, Licang)
Jingpo (Dehong)
Pu’er Tea
19
Minorities Festivals
Fire Festivals (June 24th , Lunar year), Yi People
20
Water Splashing Festival
(Apr. 13-15), Dai People
Food
Over the Bridge
Rice Noodles
Steam Potted Chicken
Yiliang Roasted Duck
Xuanwei Ham
Er Kuai (Rice Cake)
Shiping Tofu
Grandma’s Potato
Cheese Piece
Cool White Meat
Famous Tourism Places
Shangri-La
Lijiang
Dali
Cangshan & Erhai
Stone Forest
Yuanyang Terrace Field
Tiger Leaping Gorge
GUANGXI
Geography
Full Name: Guangxi Zhuang
Autonomous Region
South of Mainland of China
Area: 236,700 square kilometers
Border: Vietnam
Capital City: Nanning
24
Geography (cont.)
Guangxi consists of 14 prefecture-level divisions:
1. Baise
2. Hechi
3. Liuzhou
4. Guilin
5. Hezhou
6. Chongzhou
7. Nanning
8. Laibin
9. Guigang
10. Wuzhou
11. Fangchenggang
12. Qinzhou
13. Beihai
14. Yulin
Of those 14 prefecture-level divisions, Guangxi has 56
county-level divisions, and 12 autonomous counties.
Population
Total population is about 46.03 millions. (2010)
Language
Dialect: Southwest Dialect, Cantonese, Zhuang
Economy
• GDP: RMB9502.39 billion (2010)
• Structure of Output (% of GDP) : Agriculture 5.5%,
Industry 64.8%, Services 29.7%
•Exports: USD 96.1 billion (2010)
•Imports : USD 80.96 billion (2010)
•Industries: Sugar refining, nonferrous metals,
metallurgy, electric power, automobile, machinery,
building materials, food, medicine, etc.
Ethnic Minorities
Zhuang
Dong
Yao
Mulao
Miao
Maonan
Ethnic Minorities
Hui
Shui
Jing
Yi
30
Qilao
Minorities Festivals
Festival (Mar 3rd , Lunar year), Zhuang People
31
Food
Flour Dumplings
Yulin Beef
Bamboo Chicken
Luosi Nuddle
Zongzi
Yuanpian Cake
Wuzhou Soybean Milk
Famous Tourism Places
Spectacular interior
scene of the cave
Li River, Guilin
Beihai
Longsheng
33
Sanjiang
PROTOCOL ISSUE
• Passports:
• Diplomatic Passport
• Service Passport
• Passport for Public Affairs
• Normal Passport
Issues Related to P. R. China
Mr. Diao Mingsheng
Permanent Representative of China to ESCAP
Embassy of the People’s Republic of China
57 Rachadapisek Rd.
Din Dang, Bangkok 10310, Thailand
Contact Person: Mr. Huang Han
Tel: 02245-0088 ext. 2202
Fax: 02248-5898
E-mail: escap@mfa.gov.cn
Coordinating Agency (CA)
Mr. Wang Zehua
Yunnan Research &Coordination Office for
Langcang-Mekong Sub-regional Cooperation
(YLMCO)
Yunnan Academy of Science and Technology
Development
No.542, Beijing Road, Kunming, Yunnan 650091
P.R. China
Contact Person: Ms. Li Wen
Tel: (86 871) 3118503
Fax: (86 871) 3118503
E-mail: dawnliwen@hotmail.com
• Yunnan Province:
Mr. Jin Cheng
Director - General
International Regional Cooperation Office
Foreign Affairs Office
The People’s Government of Yunnan Province
230 Daguang Road, Kunming 650032, P. R. China
Contact Person: Mr. Zhang Jiapeng
Tel: 86-871-4098063
Fax: 86-771-5310416
Email: zhangjp8847@hotmail.com
• Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region:
Mr. Gu Hang
Deputy Director-General
Guangxi Foreign Affairs Office
No. 14, Minzhu Road, Nanning
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 530023
P. R. China
Contact Person: Mr. Kong Zhulei
Tel: 86-771-5639702
Fax: 86-771-5633921
Email: khongsakthai@yahoo.com.cn
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