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Creating a Safety Culture and Foreign Experiences

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Creating a Safety Culture and
Foreign Experiences
Huang Shengchu, Hu Yuhong, Peng cheng
China Coal Information Institute, Beijing
Tel/Fax: 010-8465 7806
Email:Huangsc@coalinfo.net.cn
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
1
Outline
• Why creating a strong safety culture
• What is a safety culture – how will it impact a
company
• How to build a safety culture
• Safety week activities in selected countries
• Safety training and management
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
2
Why creating a strong safety culture
• The greatest impact on accident reduction of any
process
• Top priority for all managers and supervisors
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
3
What is a safety culture-how will it
impact company
• A safety culture: shared beliefs, practices and
attitudes existing in an establishment
• Factors of a safety culture:
(1) Management and employee norms,assumptions and
beliefs
(2) Management and employee attitudes
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
4
What is a safety culture-how will it
impact company
(3) Values, myths,stories
(4) Policies and procedures
(5) Supervisor priorities,responsibilities and
accountability
(6) Production, bottom line pressure and
quality issues
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
5
What is a safety culture-how will it
impact company
(7) Actions or lack of action to correct unsafe behaviors
(8) Employee training and motivation
(9) Employee involvement
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
6
What is a safety culture-how will it
impact company
• Management processes for improvement of safety
(1) Top managers must be on board
(2) Build trust
(3) Establish a steering committee
(4) Training
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
7
What is a safety culture-how will it
impact company
(5) Develop safety vision
(6) Develop a system of accountability for all levels
(7) Develop measures
(8) Policies for recognition, rewards, incentives and
ceremonies
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
8
Personnel Example
(1) Set an example for safe behavior. Be a leader
(2) Show your commitment to safety. Be assertive.
(3) Enforce safe operations and job procedures. Be
decisive.
(4) Participate in safety activities-meeting,
inspections,etc.
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
9
What is a safety culture-how will it
impact company
(5) Wear the proper personal protective equipment.
(6) Listen to workers. Be available.
(7) Show a positive attitude. Be enthusiastic.
(8) Inspire a team effort. Be a coach.
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
10
Safety week activities in selected
countries
• Safety weeks in USA, UK, Australia, Canada,
Japan, Korea, India, Germany
• Safety month in China
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
11
Safety training and management
• Martin Reed’s investigation-43.5% for new
comers in their first year, 9% in first month, 6% in
2nd month, 5% in 3rd month
• Training elements
(1) knowledge
(2) Skill
(3) Attitude
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
12
Safety training and management
• Safety management at coal mines of the USA
(1) Lowest fatalities rate : only about 30 fatalities with
annual output of 1 billion tones
(2) Multi-skills
(3) Safety awareness and safe operations
(4) Roles of Unions
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
13
Conclusions
• Definition of a safety culture
• Creating a strong safety culture has the greatest impact
on accident reduction
• National safety week is a very important event
• Importance should be attached to safety training and
involvement of management , supervisors and
employees. Coal mines of the US have experiences
with safety record of the lowest fatalities rate
02-6-14
International Workshop on Safety
Culture, Beijing
14
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