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Presentation Cultural Shock China

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Cultural Shock China
- Hanne Chen Manuel Simon
Asian Studies in Business & Economics, 12th June 2006
Agenda
1. Introduction
2. Cultural frame: world outlook, history,
language
3. Chinese everyday life
4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
-2-
1. Introduction
1. Introduction
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• Hanne Chen was born in Duisburg in
1961.
• She studied Sinology and German
language and literature studies and lived
for four and a half years in China and
Taiwan.
• Meanwhile she lives as a free author with
her husband and two children next to
Cambridge in England.
-4-
2. Cultural Frame
2. Cultural Frame
2.1 Confucianism, Taoism and
Buddhism
2.2 Calendar and celebrations
2.3 History of the People�s Republic
China
-6-
2.1 Confucian ideology, Taoism and Buddhism
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
China is characterised by three very
different philosophies.
Confucianism
Buddhism
• Classification of
people
• Family structure
• Connections
• youngest Chinese
religion
• Mortality of human
beings
5. Conclusion
Taoism
• Counterpart to the
Confucianism
• Egoism of the
individual
-7-
2. Cultural Frame
2.1 Confucianism, Taoism and
Buddhism
2.2 Calendar and celebrations
2.3 History of the People�s Republic
China
-8-
2.2 Calendar and Celebrations
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• The moon calendar is besides the
Gregorian calendar still in use.
• One year has twelve moon months, but
in periodic intervals years with thirteen
months have to be inserted.
• The Chinese public holidays are
determined by the moon respectively old
farmer calendar.
• Most important celebration is the New
Year’s Day or spring celebration
(chunijie) which takes place on the first
new moon after the 29th January.
-9-
2. Cultural Frame
2.1 Confucianism, Taoism and
Buddhism
2.2 Calendar and celebrations
2.3 History of the People�s Republic
China
- 10 -
2.3 History of the People’s Republic China
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• Sun Yatsen proclaimed the Chinese Republic
on January 1911.
• China faced its most impressive time during
the era “Mao Zedong” which began on 1st
October 1949.
�The Chinese nation is risen. Nobody will ever
oppress it’ (p. 44).
• Crucial event of the Mao era was the
Cultural Revolution and the smashing of the
“Four Old”: old ideas, old manner and
customs, and old culture.
• After Mao’s death (1976) China’s political and
economic success started.
- 11 -
3. Chinese everyday life
3. Chinese everyday life
3.1 Politeness
3.2 Connections
3.3 Food
- 13 -
3.1 Politeness
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• Politeness is consideration for the face of
the others.
• Every situation in life requires a lot of
empathy. One relies on that the person
opposite assesses the situation in the right
way.
• The art of suggesting something belongs
to the polite Chinese speech.
• One indirect and polite style is also the so
called “spiral speaking”.
• Discretion at being right and modesty
characterise the noble Chinese behaviour. Also
the body language is quieter and more
restrained.
- 14 -
3. Chinese everyday life
3.1 Politeness
3.2 Connections
3.3 Food
- 15 -
3.2 Connections
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• Guanxi are the connections.
• There are also laws, but these only count
for those which do not have connections.
�The law is a piece of paper, you can tear it
up and throw it away’ (p. 117).
• The cultivation of connections is vital
and guarantees a maximum of safety.
• However, connections do not only enrich
human relations they also complicate
them. Moreover, Guanxi is very
expensive.
- 16 -
3. Chinese everyday life
3.1 Politeness
3.2 Connections
3.3 Food
- 17 -
3.3 Food
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
�How eats, is a king’ (p. 172).
• Chinese has a very oral imagery.
• Eating can become the main theme
during a conversation.
• The Chinese kitchen is very creative.
Animals� life in this culture is hard.
• Eating represents social life and
consumption, and consumption is
prestige. Thus, one gladly invites friends,
business partners and relatives for diner.
- 18 -
4. Position of foreigners in the
Chinese culture group
4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese
culture group
4.1 Between resentments and
hospitality
4.2 „Chinese right!“ – what foreigners
should take into account
- 20 -
4.1 Between resentments and hospitality
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
„The culture of the Western people
consists of sex, drugs and aids. All
Germans lie naked in parks in the summer.
German men have a beer belly and look if
they are pregnant in the seventh month”
(p. 200).
5. Conclusion
- 21 -
4.1 Between resentments and hospitality
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• Foreigners often face resistance and
hostility. This can be explained by China’s
decades of shielding and insidious policy
on foreigners.
• The outstanding consciousness of one’s
own exclusiveness influences the social
intercourse with foreigners.
�You will never understand us because you
are foreigners’ (p. 212).
• Protective instinct or compassionate
ignorance are the determinants of
readiness to help.
- 22 -
4. Position of foreigners in the Chinese
culture group
4.1 Between resentments and
hospitality
4.2 „Chinese right!“ – what
foreigners should take into
account
- 23 -
4.2 „Chinese right!“
1. Introduction
• Generally appear groom, men with beards are
not really welcome!
2. Cultural
frame
• Never put the chopsticks crossed own your
bowl! This is an omen for quarrel!
3. Chinese
everyday life
• Do not shack hands if greeting someone!
4. Chinese
culture group
• If you are in a bad mood or have problems keep
them by yourself!
5. Conclusion
• Understate your own abilities!
• If you are praised, refuse it politely!
• Consideration for the face of the others!
• Avoid irony!
- 24 -
5. Conclusion
5. Conclusion
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• In the first part of her book the author
fascinates the reader with her terse and
amusing style of writing.
• The second part connects the pleasure of
reading the author’s book with
information very charmingly. It is the
friendly and critical, but never cynical
demonstration of small things.
• Hanne Chen encourages the reader by
much background information and amusing
stories to reflect his own behaviour in
different situations in life; this can
especially observed in the third part.
- 26 -
5. Conclusion
1. Introduction
2. Cultural
frame
3. Chinese
everyday life
4. Chinese
culture group
5. Conclusion
• This book will not take the reader the
cultural shock. Nevertheless, Hanne Chen
prepares the reader for the foreign culture by
her huge historic and social background
information.
• An excellent book which gets the reader
in the proper mood for China and
prepares him very well.
- 27 -
Thank you very much
for your attention!!!
… any questions???
- 28 -
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