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Automotive Shop Safety

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Automotive Shop Safety
Accidents in the Shop
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Most are preventable with safe work habits.
Millions of non-fatal work related injuries every year
costing billions in insurance, lost productivity, and
workman's compensation payments.
Three out of five workers suffering eye injuries that
occur in the work place were not wearing safety
rated eye protection.
Use of PPE (Personal Protection Equipment)
Eye Protection
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Must wear safety glasses at ALL times in the shop
When grinding with the pedestal grinder or hand
grinder, you must wear a full face shield-SAFETY
GLASSES ARE NOT ENOUGH!
Gas (Oxy-Acetylene) welding, cutting, or brazing
requires a shade 5 lens in welding goggles.
Electrical welding (M.I.G., T.I.G, ARC, Heli-Arc)
requires a shade 10 lens and a full welding helmet.
Eye burning from excessive bright light is called
IRRADIATION.
Hand/Skin Protection
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Rubberized or Nitrile Gloves must be used when
working with chemicals and the parts washer.
Use leather gloves when grinding and welding.
Use leather gloves when lifting heavy engine parts or
transmissions.
Leather apron when welding
Rubberized apron when using the parts washer.
Hearing Protection
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When grinding, hammering, or using loud
equipment-use hearing protection.
Ear Plugs
Ear Muffs
Banded plugs
Respiratory Protection
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When working with chemicals that give off
fumes, extended time around gasoline,
working on brakes or clutches that may
contain asbestos, power sanding, and when
using the parts washer for extended periodsuse a respirator or dust mask as required.
Dust Particulate mask
Vapor Respirator
Jewelry, Clothing and Shoes
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No Jewelry (except small stud earrings) are allowed.
Clothing must be fitted and not hang down or off the body.
No sleeveless shirts
No shorts
No holes
No hats
No open toe shoes
No sandals or flip-flops
Work style shoes preferred
Leave shop clothes in your locker
Compressed Air
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Compressed air injuries include; eye, skin,
respiratory and bloodstream embolisms.
Fine jet stream of compressed air at
approximately 90 to 150 pounds per square
inch (PSI) or more.
DO NOT use to clean you clothing or skin.
DO NOT use on brakes or clutches.
Carcinogens
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Cancer causing agents.
Chronic health problem (can take many repeated exposures to
develop).
Can be absorbed through the skin, inhaled, or ingested.
Associated with kidney and liver damage
Asbestos
Mineral Spirits
Gasoline
Diesel Fuel
Lacquer Thinner
Lifting heavy objects
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Bend at the knees not at the waist
Straight Back
Feet as close as possible to the object
Lift with your legs, not your back
Move your feet
Get help if over 50 pounds.
The Law
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OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health
Administration)
“Right To Know” Law
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
MSDS Book-readily available-NOT locked up
Training
Chemical handling, spill control, storage, signage,
emergency procedures, flash points, fire
extinguishing, compatibility, First aid.
The EPA
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Environmental Protection Agency
Governs all Environmental concerns
Waste oil, antifreeze, Refrigerant R12 and R134a,
chemicals handling and disposal, waste oil filters.
HAZMAT training
Clean Air Act of 1990-exhaust emissions and
chemical purging into the atmosphere.
R12 now illegal to produce
Spills
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Must be cleaned up immediately
Do NOT leave unguarded
Do not push out of the door or down the drains
Do not mix fluids
Antifreeze (Ethyl Glycol) is water soluble and can
end up in wastewater plants, the aqua fir, or the
water tables.
Waste oil can also seep into the aqua fir
Jack and Jack stand safety
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Jack the vehicle making sure the jack saddle is in contact with
the frame or lifting point.
Place jack stands at equal heights under the frame or lifting
points.
Let the jack down slowly until the vehicle is resting on the
stands.
When finished, lift the vehicle off of the jack stands.
Use 2 hands on the jack stand to let it down.
Insure that nothing or no one was left under the vehicle.
Give the “Clear” signal very loudly.
Let the vehicle down slowly.
Spontaneous Combustion
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When something reaches its flashpoint, it will
begin to burn WITHOUT an ignition source or
spark.
Oily, chemical soaked rags
Fire proof container with tight fitting
automatic lid.
Working at Home
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If you spill some antifreeze, clean it up
immediately.
Dogs, cats and other animals are attracted
by the sweet smell.
They cannot taste it.
They will die
You will cry
FIRST AID
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If another student is injured or is unconscious
DO NOT attempt to move the student
DO NOT ATTEMPT FIRST AID
Call for the instructor immediately
Stay Calm-panic will give us another emergency
All students not involved go to your desk in the classroom and
stay quiet.
Help keep other students calm
If the instructor is unconscious:
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Go out the classroom door and get help from another teacher
Dial 9-9-911 (Follow the procedure on the yellow emergency
signs)
Fire Extinguishers
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Class A - Wood, paper, cardboard
Class B - Chemical, Grease, Oil, Gasoline
Class C - Electrical
Class D - Flammable Metals
Several combination extinguishers
We have class ABC in the shop
Electrical Power Tools
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Only Properly Grounded
DO NOT remove the ground prong
A ground fault will be very hazardous
Clamp your work in a vise- do not hold it in
your hand
Disconnect your tool when not in use
Keep electrical cords away from sharp
edges, chemicals, and oils
Fire Prevention
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Avoid tasks that create sparks around flammable
liquids or gases
No heat or sparks near the fuel system
Avoid creating sparks and open flames near fuel
leaks
DO NOT store any more than 5 gallons of fuel
Use only approved safety containers for storing
chemicals and fuels
Immediately wipe up all fuel and chemical spills,
especially flammable ones.
Exhaust Gases
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CO-Carbon Monoxide-colorless, odorless,
and extremely deadly
CO2-Carbon Dioxide-what we exhale
NOx-Oxides of Nitrogen-Ozone depleting
HC-Hydrocarbons-Unburned fuels-rotten egg
smell when high
O2-Oxygen-what we breathe
Waste Storage
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Waste oil, transmission fluid, power steering
fluid, and brake fluid goes in the waste oil
drum- it is clearly marked.
Waste anti-freeze and water goes in the
waste anti-freeze drum-clearly marked.
Waste chemicals must be stored in their
original container and disposed of
professionally.
Battery Safety
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Car batteries contain Electrolyte
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Sulfuric Acid-Caustic (will burn your skin on contact)
Distilled Water-(No minerals or foreign particles)
The process of charging and discharging in a battery
causes the electrolyte to create Hydrogen gas.
Highly flammable and explosive if in concentrations.
No spark, open flames, or heat sources around
batteries.
Safe Battery Service
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When removing or reinstalling a battery
To prevent sparks which could ignite the
hydrogen around the battery
Disconnect the negative FIRST
Reconnect the negative LAST
Jump Starting a car
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1.
2.
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4.
Pull the cars together
Stretch out your cables so the ends do NOT touch
Connect positive cable (red) to the live car’s positive
post on the battery (+)
Connect the other end of the positive cable to the
dead car’s positive post on the battery (+)
Connect the negative cable (black) to the live car’s
negative post on the battery (-)
Make the last negative connection (black) (-) on the
dead car’s ground (clean, unpainted, non-moving,
metal part as far away from the battery as possible.
Battery Charger Safety
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When charging a battery with a charger
Make sure the charger is unplugged and the
switches are OFF
Connect the red-positive cable to the battery (+)
post.
Connect the black-negative cable to the battery (-)
post.
Plug in the charger
Turn the charger on to the correct charge rate,
amperage, and timer setting.
Know Where to Go and What to DO!
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Familiarize yourself with the safety
equipment in the shop
Know the location of the telephones, fire
extinguishers, emergency exits, fire alarm
controls, emergency cutoff switches, and
shop first aid kits.
Familiarize yourself with the location of all
emergency and first aid procedures.
Safety is YOUR RESPONSIBILITY!
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Come prepared to work safely
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Appropriate dress
Long hair tied up
Safety glasses on when in the shop
Keep your hands, sleeves, pant legs and hair away
from rotating engine parts and rotating equipment.
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Belts
Fans
Drill Chucks
Lathe Shafts
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