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Shop Safety

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Shop
Safety
Unit 4
Shop Safety
• Does my safety affect the people I
work with?
– View Safety Commercials from
www.prevent-it.ca
Shop Safety
Shop Safety
• Safety is the responsibility of
– EVERYONE!
• Who is responsible for your safety?
– YOU!
• 100% Safe, 100% of the time
– (100% on the safety test)
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules - General
• Conduct yourself in a manner
conducive to safe shop practices
– No horse playing
– Never climb on shelves
– Stay on task/ in assigned groups
– Never sit on tables
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules –
Equip.
•
•
•
•
Do not use any equipment until trained
Only one person at a time
Never walk away from equipment
Keep hands from moving parts
– Nip Points
– Never wear gloves when
CLEANING press
Shop Safety
Nip Point
Point where two rotating
mechanisms come together.
Shop Safety
Rotating Mechanisms
Shop Safety
Rotating Mechanisms
4 Types in the Graphic Communications Industry
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules –
Equip.
• Use correct tool to do job
• Put all tools away when job
complete
• Never remove any safety
guard
• Make sure all guards are in
place before operation
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules –
Cutter
• Never cut anything but paper
• Never check blade with finger
• Only one person operating
cutter at a time:
– NO ONE inside the “box” other
than operator
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules – Paper
Drill
• Never drill anything but
paper
• Never touch drill bit with
finger
• Don’t put hand under clamp
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules – Folder
• Do not put your hands anywhere near
the rollers
• Do not sit on the folder table for ANY
reason!
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules –
Personal
• Tuck in loose clothing, roll up
sleeves
• Remove any loose fitting jewelry
• Pull long hair up before
operating machinery
• Wash hands frequently
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules –
Housekeeping
• Clean ALL work areas –
EVERYONE!
• Throw all trash away
• Put oily/inky rags in appropriate
container
• Put all materials away
• Never wear gloves while
cleaning press
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules – Press
Area
• Make sure all debris is clear from
rollers before starting the press
• Only 1 person should operate the
press at a time
• Make sure all safety guards are down
and in place before operation
• Never unplug the press for any
reason
Shop Safety
Shop Safety Rules
• Keep all materials stored in proper
location
• Keep all chemical stored in proper
container
• Report ALL unsafe conditions
IMMEDIATELY!
Shop Safety
OSHA
• Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (Act)
• Part of federal government that
governs workplace safety
– Protects the worker
• OSHA Web site for Young Workers
– http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/teenworkers/index.html
Shop Safety
EPA
• Environmental Protection Agency
(Act)
• Part of the federal government that
governs environmental impact
– Protects the environment
Shop Safety
Lockout/Tagout
• Standard established by OSHA
• Purpose – prevent injury while
repairing, maintaining, inspecting,
etc machinery
• Controls all energy sources
(electricity) used, stored or
produced by equipment.
Shop Safety
Lockout/Tagout
• Uses two items:
– Lock (key or combination type) to
Lockout the energy source.
• i.e. – Lock on the circuit breaker or on switch
– Tag with name and date on it to identify
who has locked out the machine
• Tag can ONLY be removed by the person
who Tagged out the equipment
Shop Safety
PPE
• Personal Protective Equipment
– Protects you from risk of injury by
creating a barrier between you and the
hazard
• Use is not a substitute
work practices
Shop Safety
for safe
PPE
• Employers must make sure you have
PPE
• YOU must
– Be trained in using PPE
– Make sure PPE fits you
– Use it correctly
Shop Safety
PPE
• Eye Protection
– Safety Glasses
– Face Shields
– Protects against
• Impact (flying objects)
• Chemicals
• Dust
Shop Safety
PPE
• Steel-toed shoes
– Protects against:
• Falling or rolling objects
• Sharp objects
– Safety shoes should be sturdy and have
an impact-resistant toe.
Shop Safety
PPE
• Aprons
– Protects from
Chemicals
– Protects from
inks
Shop Safety
PPE
• Protective gloves
– Ensure gloves are designed to protect
from the hazard
– Ensure the gloves fit
– Inspect your gloves
NEVER wear
gloves when
cleaning the
press!
Shop Safety
PPE
• Hearing Protection
– Decibel – Unit of measure that is used to
measure sound
– Abbreviated as dB
– 90 dB in 8-hour work day
Shop Safety
PPE
• Hearing Protection
– Ear Plugs
– Ear Muffs
– Or Both!
• iPod/mp3/radio headphones
DO NOT COUNT!!!! пЃЊ
• Hearing Loss tends to be a
slow loss! PROTECT IT!
Shop Safety
PPE - Summary
• Be sure you are trained BEFORE
using your PPE
• Choose the right PPE for the job
• Make sure the PPE fits you properly
• Inspect your PPE and make sure it is
in good condition
• Discard any PPE that is not safe
Shop Safety
First Aid
• First, and temporary, aid given to an
injured person
– Remove all energy sources – turn off the
power
– Administer 1st aid
– Remain calm
• Report ALL accidents to your
supervisor no matter how minor!
Shop Safety
Bloodborne Pathogens
• Disease-causing microorganisms
carried in blood or other bodily fluids
– HIV/Aids
– Hepatitis B
Shop Safety
Bloodborne Pathogens
•
•
•
•
Who is at Risk?
Know how they can affect you
Know how you can become infected
Know how to protect yourself
Shop Safety
Bloodborne Pathogens
• Treat all body fluids as being
infectious
• Following safe work and personal
practices
• Wear appropriate PPE
– Put a barrier between
you and the injured
person
– Leather gloves will
not work
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Hazard Communication Standard
– AKA: “The Right-to-Know”
• Right to know about the hazardous
chemicals in your workplace
• The best rule of chemical safety is:
– “Know what you are working with and
how to protect yourself and others.”
Shop Safety
HazCom
• There are 2 basic types of chemical
hazards
– Physical Hazards
– Health Hazards
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Physical Hazards - The physical properties
of the chemical render it hazardous
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Explosive
Compressed gas
Combustible
Flammable
Unstable
Water reactive
Oxidizers
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Exposure to hazardous chemicals
may cause or contribute to a wide
range of health concerns including:
– Heart problems
– Kidney disease
– Lung disease
– Cancer
– Sterility
– Burns
– Rashes
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Chemicals can enter your body in
many different ways. The primary
routes of entry are:
– Inhalation
– Ingestion
– Absorption
– Injection
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Exposure to hazardous chemicals
may be either:
•
Acute – brief exposure
•
Chronic – repeated or prolonged
Shop Safety
HazCom
• The written HazCom program must,
at a minimum, include:
– A list of all hazardous chemicals known
to be in the workplace
– A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
and label for each hazardous chemical
– A training plan to communicate hazard
information to employees
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Warning labels can grab your attention with
words like:
• “Danger”
• “Warning”
• “Caution”
Shop Safety
HazCom
• The identity of the chemicals
• The appropriate hazard warnings
• The name and address of the
manufacturer or other responsible
party
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Color Codes
• Number Codes
Chemical Name
HEALTH
FLAMMABILITY
REACTIVITY
SPECIAL
Shop Safety
HazCom
The color codes represents the following
information:
•
•
•
•
Blue = Health
Red = Flammability
Yellow = Reactivity
White = Special hazard information
and special protective
information
Shop Safety
HazCom
• Number Codes:
– 0 to 4
– The higher the number the more
hazardous the chemical
• 4 = Small exposure could cause death
• 3 = Small exposure could cause injury
• 2 = Intense or chronic exposure could
cause injury
• 1 = Exposure could cause irritation
• 0 = No Hazard
Shop Safety
Safety Color Codes
• Green – Location of Safety and 1st Aid
Equipment
Shop Safety
Safety Color Codes
• Yellow – Caution and marks physical
hazards
– Operating Handles
– Waste Containers for Combustible
materials
– Areas with tripping hazards
Shop Safety
Safety Color Codes
• Orange – Parts of Equipment which
may cut, crush, shock or otherwise
injure
– Electrical Switches
– Fuses
– Power Boxes
– Movable Guards
Shop Safety
Safety Color Codes
• Red – Location of firefighting
equipment
– Emergency fire exits
– Fire extinguishers
– Emergency Stop Switches
– Portable containers of flammable
liquids
Shop Safety
Fire Safety
Shop Safety
Fire Safety
• Classes of Fires
– A – Ordinary Combustible Material
• Wood, paper, fabric
– B – Flammable Liquids and Gases
• Solvents, oil, gases
– C – Electrical Equipment
– D – Flammable Metals
Shop Safety
Fire Safety
• Extinguishing Classes of Fires
– A – Use Water, Make sure embers
are cold – if not, they can reignite
– B – Smother, DO NOT use water
– C – Remove source of electricity,
DO NOT use water
Shop Safety
Fire Safety
• When using Fire Extinguishers follow
these steps:
•
•
•
•
P – Pull the pin
A – Aim the nozzle
S – Squeeze the handle
S – Sweep from side to side
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• Ergonomics is the applied science of
coordinating devices, environments,
tasks, or procedures to fit the
individual worker.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• Injury can be caused by:
– Awkward
• Posture
• Bending
• Twisting
• Working with your
hands above your head
or your elbows above
your shoulders.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• Injury can be caused by:
– Repetitive Movements
• Some jobs may require you to perform the
same movements over and over again.
• Repetitive movements can irritate your
tendons and increase pressure on your
nerves.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• Injury can be caused by:
– Force (amount of muscular effort used
to perform work)
Exerting large
amounts of
force can result
in fatigue and
physical
damage to your
body.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• Injury can be caused by:
– Contact Stress
• Internally occurs when a tendon, nerve or blood
vessel is stretched or bent around a bone or tendon.
• Externally occurs when a part of your body rubs
against a sharp or hard object such as the edge of a
desk or table.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• Injury can be caused
by:
– Vibration
• Excessive vibration can
decrease blood flow,
damage nerves, and
contribute to muscle
fatigue.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics –
Personal Risk Factors
•
•
•
•
•
•
Physical condition
Psychological stressors
Gender
Age
Body size
Medical condition
Shop Safety
Ergonomics - Safe Lifting
• The most common workrelated medical problem is
lower back pain.
– This is often a result of poor
lifting techniques.
– Think before you lift!
• Test the load and ask yourself –
“Can I lift it safely?” If not, get
help!
• Make sure there is nothing in your
path that could cause you to fall.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics - Safe Lifting
• Squat to bend at the knees
• Keep your head up
• Get a good grip with both
hands and hold it close to
the body.
• Lift smoothly using your legs
–not your back.
• Turn with your feet, don’t
twist your back.
Shop Safety
Ergonomics
• What can you do?
– Adjust your tasks or
environment to fit you
– Reduce risk factors
– Avoid unnecessary
movements
– Always practice safe lifting
– Use the tools that are right
for you
– Perform light stretching and
other exercises before and
during work
Shop Safety
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