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Animal Husbandry - Duca degli Abruzzi

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Animal
Husbandry
Giacomini Mattia
Inglese
3ЛљA
What is it ?
It is the branch of agriculture concerned with the
breeding of farm animals:
пѓ� Cattle
пѓ� Pigs
пѓ� Sheep
пѓ� Horses
пѓ� Poultry
History of Husbandry
Domestication of wild animals started in the Prehistoric
period, and they were:
пѓ� Sheep (northern Iraq)
пѓ� Goats (same region)
Modern Development
пѓ�Selective breeding
пѓ�Advances in animal nutrition
пѓ�Vet medicine
пѓ�Artificial insemination
пѓ�Embryo transfer
Farm Specialists
пѓ�Breeders
пѓ�Milkers
пѓ�Feeders
пѓ�Health specialists
пѓ�Vets
Cattle Raising
Cattle have been domesticated since the
Neolithic period
Breeds of Cattle
A breed is a group of animals of common descent,
possessing distinctive characteristics that distinguish
them from other groups within the same species
The Cattle Family
пѓ�Cow
пѓ�Milking cow
пѓ�Heifer
пѓ�Milker
пѓ�Calf
пѓ�Ox
пѓ�Steer
пѓ�Bull
Cattle raising
It is divided into two types
Dairy cattle
Beef Cattle
Breeds of Cattle
Dairy cattle
Holstein Black/White
Pezzata rossa
Brown Swiss
Breeds of Cattle
Beef cattle
Chianina
Limousine
Simmenthal
Charolais
Cows are Ruminants
They have a digestive
system that allows them
to regurgitate and
rechew food
The cud is digested by
specialized
microorganisms that
live in the rumen
Stomach
пѓ� Rumen (fermentation vat)
� Reticulum (rumen’s “assistant”)
пѓ� Omasum (dehydrator)
пѓ� Abomasum (true stomach)
Cows’ Life
пѓ� Gestation period is 9 months
пѓ� Newborn calf weighs 35-40 kg
пѓ� Dairy cows are slaughtered when they are 5 years old
� Dairy cows provide 90% of world’s milk production
пѓ� Farmers use machines to milk 100 cows for 1 hour
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