Charles DickensвЂ™ A Christmas Carol Symbolism вЂў Scrooge вЂ“ Beliefs and values of Victorian England in the 1800вЂ™s вЂў Bob Cratchit вЂ“ The spirit of Christmas Dickens wanted to see revived in England вЂў Fire that warms Bob and in the fire place вЂ“ The warmth felt within those who share and celebrate the season. вЂў MarleyвЂ™s Chains вЂ“ The money and priorities that Marley valued in his life while he was living. вЂў Ghost of Christmas Present вЂ“ Christmas joy , kindness, generosity, and peace вЂў Light Coming from the Ghost of Christmas Past The memories and spirit of Christmases past Cap held by the Ghost of Christmas Past вЂ“ greed, selfishness and other actions that extinguish the spirit of Christmas Symbolism Girl Want Poor children who do not have the common necessities (housing, food, clothing) Boy Ignorance вЂ“ The uneducated, working-class factory children; they should be feared because if they remain uneducated England will collapse and be doomed. Symbolism вЂў ScroogeвЂ™s Coat of Gray вЂ“ ScroogeвЂ™s cold-hearted, unsympathetic personality вЂў ScroogeвЂ™s Coat of Blazing Holly-Red вЂ“ A redeemed Scrooge who is caring, generous, and warm-hearted Theme вЂў What are some of the themes embedded within A Christmas Carol? ~People can change, also expressed as mankind can be redeemed. ~ Acts of kindness enrich the spirit and lead to more acts of kindness by others. ~ Unless society reaches out to help those less fortunate and in need, especially children, society is condemned/doomed. ~ The way man treats others is more valuable than oneвЂ™s possessions. ManвЂ™s offensives carries its own punishment Characterization вЂў What are some ways the author characterizes Scrooge? вЂњOh, but he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstoneвЂ¦.secret, selfcontained, and solitary as an oyster.вЂќ Direct Characterization вЂњвЂ™There was a boy singing a Christmas carol at my door last night. I should like to have given him something: thatвЂ™s all.вЂ™вЂќ Implies change through characters speech вЂњвЂ™If they rather die, they had better do it and decrease the surplus population.вЂ™вЂќ Characters speech вЂњ вЂ�It should be on Christmas Day, I am sure, вЂ� said [Mrs. Cratchit], вЂ� on which one drinks the health of such an odious, stingy unfeeling man as Mr. Scrooge.вЂ™ вЂњ Effects on other characters Characterization вЂњNobody ever stopped him in the street to say with gladsome looks, вЂ�My dear Scrooge, how are you?вЂ™ No beggars implored him to bestow a trifle, no man or woman now, or ever in his life, inquire the way to such and such a place.вЂќ Effects on others Scrooge says, вЂњ IвЂ™ll raise your salary, and endeavor to assist your struggling family.вЂ™вЂќ Actions Mr. Scrooge purchased the largest turkey in the poultererвЂ™s shops and had it delivered to Cratchit. Actions He had been revolving in his mind a change of life and thought and hoped he saw his new-born resolutions carried out in this. Characters Thoughts Characterization вЂў What are some ways the author characterizes Fred? Bob? вЂў Fred пѓј Fred invites his uncle for Christmas dinner even though he knows he doesnвЂ™t like him. пѓј Fred restrains himself from yelling or call Scrooge names. пѓј Fred welcome his uncle after he was treated poorly by him. пѓј Sees Christmas as a time where he profits in personal gratitude rather than monetary gain. Characterization вЂў Bob пѓјSlips the two men money when he is can afford it. пѓјEncourages Fred when he leaves. пѓјWishes Scrooge a Merry Christmas even when Scrooge doesnвЂ™t want to hear it. пѓјApplauds FredвЂ™s views on the season. пѓјToasts Scrooge even though he treats him poorly. пѓјNot handsome Setting вЂў How is the setting significant to the novel? вЂў Charles Dickens was concerned about the way in which people were treated during the Victorian time period. вЂў The overall themes embedded within this story are based on the unfair treatment and class separation of the Victorian time period; however, they can be still applied in current times. Flashbacks вЂў What flashback helps the reader understand why Scrooge doesnвЂ™t care for his nephew? вЂў When he reveals that his sister has died. вЂў What flashback helps the reader understand why Scrooge doesnвЂ™t believe in love? вЂў When Belle, his lost love, releases him. Foreshadowing вЂў вЂњSo I pray, you hurry back to your seats refreshed and ready for a miser- to turn his coat of gray into a blazen Christmas hollyred.вЂќ вЂў ~ Marley pg. 660 вЂў What is the significance of this quote? Foreshadowing вЂў What signals does Dickens use to let the reader know that he will have an unusual evening? MarleyвЂ™s face appears on the door knocker, he checks each room, the pictures of Marley throughout the room, the sound of chains, the door opening , and the ringing bells.