Family Planning What Is Family Planning? Having the number of children you want, when you want them. If a person wants to wait to have children or to decide when to have children, there are many ways to prevent pregnancy Who Does It? Both men and women must take part in family planning In America, many people use family planning and control when they have children All of the family planning methods we will talk about are used safely by millions of women and men Reasons for choosing smaller families Pregnancy is Risky! Mothers and babies will be healthier because fewer pregnancies means less risks More Food Fewer children means more food for each child More Time Fewer children can mean more time for parents to spend with their children Education Waiting to have children can give women and men time to finish their education Why is family planning hard? вЂў Some people want to have large families вЂў A womanвЂ™s husband might not want her to use family planning вЂў ItвЂ™s not accepted by some religions вЂў A person might be afraid that others will think theyвЂ™re having sex with someone other than their husband or wife if they are using protection ItвЂ™s A Right! A person has the right to decide how many children they want to have ItвЂ™s a Right! A woman has the right to protect her health from the risks of pregnancy What if a womanвЂ™s husband says NO? вЂў вЂў She must decide if she will use family planning anyway Some methods of family planning can be used without the man knowing Preventing Pregnancy A Pregnancy Happens WhenвЂ¦ вЂў After a man ejaculates inside a woman, the manвЂ™s sperm and the womanвЂ™s egg join together to make a zygote. вЂў When the zygote attaches to the side of a womanвЂ™s womb, a pregnancy begins. There are several methods of family planning 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Barrier Methods Hormonal Methods IUDs (Intrauterine Devices) Natural Methods Permanent Methods All of these methods (EXCEPT FOR PERMANENT METHODS) can be stopped at ANY time if a woman decides to get pregnant or if she decides to try a different method of family planning Barrier methods work by physically preventing the manвЂ™s sperm from joining with the womanвЂ™s egg Condoms вЂў An example of a barrier method вЂў Can be bought at the store or at a clinic or an agency вЂў The ONLY method of family planning that also protects against diseases Hormones and Hormonal Methods вЂў Hormones are chemicals in the body. вЂў Men and women have different hormones. вЂў It is hormones that make men grow mustaches and women grow breasts. вЂў Hormones also determine when a woman can get pregnant (when she is вЂњfertileвЂќ) by getting her body ready for pregnancy. Hormonal Methods When a woman uses a hormonal method of family planning, she puts hormones in her body that prevent her from getting pregnant by: 1. Preventing her body from releasing an egg 2. Making it harder for the sperm to reach the egg 3. Keeping the egg from sticking inside the womb A woman needs to see a doctor to get a hormonal method! Hormonal Methods The Pill The Patch Woman takes one pill Woman wears on her skin every day at the same and changes once a time week Hormonal Methods Implants Inserted into the womanвЂ™s arm by a doctor Work for up to 3 years The Shot Woman gets a shot every 3 months Intrauterine Device: IUD вЂў Put into the womb by a doctor вЂў Can last for 5 or 10 years вЂў Can be removed when the woman decides she wants to get pregnant or at any other time Natural Methods Natural methods help a woman know when she is fertile, so that she can avoid having sex at that time. вЂўA woman is usually fertile during the middle days of her monthly bleeding cycle вЂўA woman is usually NOT fertile when she is breastfeeding for the first 6 months after her baby is born Breastfeeding as a family planning method works only if: вЂў The baby is less than 6 months old вЂў The woman breastfeeds the baby every 6 hours and the baby eats no other food вЂў Her monthly bleeding cycle hasnвЂ™t started yet Permanent Methods A doctor makes it impossible for men and women to have any more children The operation for a man is called a VASECTOMY The operation for a woman is called a TUBAL LIGATION Vasectomy and Tubal Ligation вЂў DO NOT make sex any less pleasurable for men or women вЂў DO NOT make sex any less desirable for men or woman вЂў Men are still able ejaculate, but the ejaculate liquid does not have sperm Withdrawal or вЂњPulling OutвЂќ The man pulls his penis out of the vagina before he ejaculates This is NOT a very good method BUT it is better than not using any method of family planning at all Methods That Do NOT Work Urinating after sex Washing out the vagina (вЂњdouchingвЂќ) Does NOT prevent pregnancy BUT it can help prevent some infections Sperm move too fast and will reach the womb before they can be washed out Emergency Family Planning If a man and a woman have sex without using any method of family planning, there are pills that a woman can take AFTERWARDS to prevent pregnancy, called вЂњEmergency ContraceptionвЂќ Emergency Family Planning вЂўA woman must take the pills within 5 days after sex вЂўEmergency family planning is most effective within 3 days after sex Emergency Family Planning These pills PREVENT pregnancy, they DO NOT stop a pregnancy if the woman is already pregnant Where to get it? вЂў A person can buy CONDOMS at most stores. They can get them for free at some clinics. вЂў A person can get EMERGENCY FAMILY PLANNING at a pharmacy (if they are older than 17 years old) Where to Get it? вЂў To get any of the other methods of family planning, a person has to call their doctor вЂў If a woman is younger than 17 years old, she has to call her doctor to get emergency family planning. Only you can decide what family planning method is right for you! Evaluation! #1 What is one reason for choosing a smaller family? #2 Does a woman have the right to protect her health against the risks of pregnancy? A: Yes B: No #3 What family planning method also protects against diseases? A. Condoms B. The Pill C. IUDs D. The Shot #4 Does washing the vagina after sex (вЂњdouchingвЂќ) help prevent pregnancy? A. Yes B. No #5 What method of family planning should a man and a woman use after they have sex without protection? A. Condoms B. An IUD C. Emergency Contraception D. Tubal Ligation #6 Where can a person get condoms?