Print Awareness Chapter 3 Amber Van Vooren What is Print Awareness? пЃ® A student with print awareness understands and knows пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Elements of print awareness include пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® the forms and functions of print that print is a type of communication printed words stand for spoken words Functions of print (i.e. print is used for different purposes) Conventions of print (i.e. text is read from left to right) Book conventions (i.e. books have a title and an author) Print awareness is вЂњa childвЂ™s earliest introduction to literacyвЂќ Why teach/be mindful of print awareness? пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Print awareness is the foundation of a studentвЂ™s reading and writing ability. Without it, he/she is less likely to become a successful reader. Generally print awareness does not develop on its own. It emerges through the guidance of an adult who regularly points out conventions and features of print. A childвЂ™s awareness of print has been used to predict his/her future success in all areas of reading. When to focus on Print Awareness пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Generally these skills are learned in preschool and kindergarten. It is essential that during these years, print awareness is taught explicitly and is a main goal of curriculum. Formally assess print awareness during kindergarten three times a year (fall, winter, spring). Informally assess students in kindergarten during instruction to determine students who may need added instruction. пЃ® пЃ® Increase the introduction of print awareness skills for advanced students. Decrease the pace for struggling students. Increase instructional time and monitor closely within the first 6 months of school. How to Teach and Assess Print Awareness пЃ® How to teach пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Use print referencing: using verbal and nonverbal cues to direct a studentвЂ™s attention to conventions of print Use big books or other books where print is a main feature Explicitly point out the references you are teaching. Teach only 3-5 references during one lesson to ensure student enjoyment of text. пЃ® How to assess пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Use formal screening or diagnostic tests Informally assess through observation Informally assess by asking students to point to or show aspects such as parts of a book, where to start reading, a word and a space, and how many words in a sentence. Assess in a quiet, comfortable environment. Some things to Keep in Mind пЃ® How to promote print awareness пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Create a print-rich environment Provide plenty of readaloud experiences Use print-referencing cues in shared storybook reading пЃ® Components of a print awareness lesson пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Talking about books (ex. cover, title, author, illustrator) Text Directionality Concept of a word Continuous questioning to ensure students understanding of the references/concept taught Conclusion пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® пЃ® Print awareness is a critical skill in developing a studentвЂ™s reading abilities. Since it does not develop on its own, print awareness needs to be an essential part of earlyliteracy instruction. Provide verbal and nonverbal cues to direct studentsвЂ™ attention to conventions of print. Provide a print rich environment that exposes students to various types and uses of print. Read aloud and involve your students in discussions about print concepts.