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Ongoing strategy of
development and
reconstruction of electricity
sector of Tajikistan
Rafika Musaeva
Chairman of Association of Energy of Tajikistan
1
Republic of Tajikistan
Area - 143,1 km²
Population in millions – 7,2
Density of population - 47,5
per 1 km²
Tajikistan – mountain country
Glaciers cover 6% of the total country area and contain
550 cubic kilometers of water reserves.
Tajikistan possesses vast and unique reserves of
hydro-power resources and occupies one of the first
places in the world on hydro resources. It was
identified the basic directions in energy sector’s
development strategy for country.
4
HYDRO RESOURCES: TAJIKISTAN OCCUPIES:
- 85 place in the world on area
- 8th place in the world on absolute indicators of hydro
resources, potential hydro power capacity of the country
is 527 billion kWh
- 1st place on per capita hydro resources (per person and
per territorial unit)
Today in Tajikistan is used only 5,5 % of all hydropower
potential, the current capacity of the energy system
of Tajikistan is 5,090MW.
6
The largest hydro power
plants in Tajikistan are:
Nurek hydro power plant
on Vakhsh river with a
capacity 3,000MW and
annual electricity
production of more than
11.2 billion kWh
7
Baipasin hydro power plant with a
capacity 600MW
8
Sangtuda-1 hydro power
plant with a capacity 670MW
9
Use of Hydro Energy Resources of
Vakhsh River
Vakhsh cascade built
on Vakhsh River with
a capacity 285MW
11
Varzob cascade on Varzob River
with a capacity 25MW
12
Kayrakkum hydro power plant on
Syrdarya River with a capacity 126MW
13
With purpose to
provide electricity for
isolated mountain
areas it were built more
than 25 small HPP, with
capacities 100-1500 KW
and more than 140
micro HPP with
capacity 5-100 KW
14
In Tajik energy strategy, developed in beginnings of 80th, was
planned intensive development of energy sector of Tajikistan
based on building of new big HPPs. This program was
supposed to provide putting in operation of new hydro power
plants with capacity of 22400 MW, and with annual production
more than 86,8 billion KWH, that should be increased overall
capacity of Tajik energy sector on five time more. .
15
Nowadays Tajik Government made
significant efforts on development of
existing hydro power resources, as way
to cover internal electricity deficit as
well as to increase electricity export. At
the same time development of energy
sector considered issues of rational
energy use.
16
Tajikistan is
considering that
internal energy
security cannot
be reached by
reducing of
energy security of
neighbor
countries.
Today’s efforts on building of
hydro power facilities are directed
on balancing of hydro and energy
problems and mobilization of
internal resources for achieving of
sustainability on whole territory of
Central Asia.
18
- The Government of the RT defined two
priorities for the energy sector development:
first – reformation of the internal energy sector
of the country, second – export market
orientation.
Today in Tajikistan was created legal base for
energy sector development in transition, including
Energy law, Energy saving law, Water Code,
Renewable energy sources law, related legal norms
in Tax Code and Civil Code and etc
20
Министерство энергетики
Республики Таджикистан
Framework of Fuel and Energy
Sector of the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2003-2015 stipulates
continued reconstruction and
modernization of the main objects
of the energy system, construction
of new hydro power plants and
further infrastructure
development.
21
The HPP modernization and
rehabilitation projects stipulate increase
of capacity up to 10%, which would
allow increasing installed capacity of
HPP by 350-400 MW.
22
Social protection
programs or “reduced
tariff” were
introduced in
Tajikistan to help
those below the
poverty line pay the
bills for consumed
electricity.
23
In framework of middle-term
development program (2006-2012 )
planned completion of construction of
large HPPs that were started in the 1990s:
Rogunsk-1 HPP and Sangtuda-2 HPP
24
Nowadays building of Sangtuda-2 HPP is in
the progress, operation of HPP will start from
2011, the capacity of this HPP is 930 billion KWH.
25
The construction of largest HPP - Rogun
was started in the 1980s. The capacity of
Rogun HPP is 3600 MW, with 6 aggregates
per 600 MW each, and with annual
production 13,4 billon KWH.
26
With a modernization
of existing HPPs,
introduction
Sangtuda-2 HPP and
first line of Rogunsk
HPP, the electricity
production in
Tajikistan will reach
26.4 billion kWh.
27
98 % of annual energy supply in
Tajikistan is provided by hydro-electric
sources, that depended from annual water
content.
With aim to reduce such dependence,
nowadays Tajikistan develops new thermal
power plants based on coal.
28
Developed technical statements for
Thermal Power Plant (TPP) Dushanbe-2,
Shurob TPP (300 MW) and Fan-Yagnob
TPP (1500 MW).
Building of TPP Dushanbe-2 was started
on 2009 and planned year of operation
start will be at 2011 ( 100 MW).
In 2014 Tajikistan, with completion of
short-term development program, planned
to solve problem with energy security.
With aim to transfer electricity from new
HPPs to areas of Tajikistan with energy
deficit and for further export of electricity
surplus was developed a set of investment
projects on building new high-voltage
transmission lines.
31
In short-term period Pakistan
and Afghanistan confirmed,
that they may receive
accordingly 1000 MW and
300 MW of electricity
producing in Tajikistan.
32
Construction of high-voltage-500kV line
“South-North” (Dushanbe-Khujand )
Building started at September 15, 2006
length about - 263 km.
Project cost - 282 mln. USD
Designed for transfer of electricity for north part of
country.
Starting of operation: December 2009
33
High-voltage-500kV
line “South-North”
34
Developing variants of building new
transmissions line 500 kV Khujand-Datka
(Kyrgyzstan).
Building of this line will allow to transfer of
Tajik electricity to energy deficit areas of South
Kazakhstan.
35
High-voltage 500 kV
line DushanbeKhujand-Datka
36
High-voltage500kV line
“South-North”
In framework of developing CASA-1000 project
today completing development of technical and
economical statement of new high-voltage
transmission line Tajikistan- Afghanistan-Pakistan
The transmission line will follow “Rogun –
Sangtuda – Kunduz – Puli Humri – Kabul Peshavar".
Length 750 km.
Project cost about 450 mln. USD
38
In 2009 was started building of HVL 220 kV
“Sangtuda-Puli Humri”
Operation starting date – November 2010
39
Building of these HVLs have great
importance for whole region, because of
clean and ecological significances of
hydropower energy
40
About 10 percent of Tajik population lives in isolated
mountains areas with random water falls. Minimal density of
population in those areas 2-3 people for 1 km2, that is why
renewable energy sources (small rivers, solar and wind energy
and etc) are more preferable in those areas.
In February 2009
Government of Tajikistan
developed special Program
on providing of cheap
energy for isolated areas
for period 2009- 2020.
According program is
planned to build new 189
small HPPs with capacity
103.6 MW.
42
At
the same time nowadays in
Tajikistan is implementing the set
of pilot projects on wind and solar
energy
Today special complex of measures
promoted by Tajik Government on
energy saving and energy efficiency,
including degree of President of
Tajikistan from April 24, 2009
44
Unreasonably low tariffs are not conducive
to sector development in Tajikistan.
With aim to raise self-sufficiency of energy
sector Government of Tajikistan developed
program on step by step raising of tariffs for
period of 2007-2010 with achieving of price
level till 2,5 US cent per 1 KWh.
45
Electricity tariffs
Separately tariffs for several
categories:
Population – 9 dirams;
Industry – 21,3 dirams;
Commercial structures – 21.3 dirams.
(1 USD= 4 somoni 41 dirams)
46
Tajikistan strategy of
development and
reconstruction of energy
sector directed on
sustainable development
of all sectors of
economy, reducing
poverty and increasing
of wealth of population.
47
Tashakuri ziod!
Thanks for your attention!
48
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