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The Tourism Geography of Austria, Germany and Switzerland

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The Tourism Geography of
Austria, Germany and
Switzerland
Learning Objectives
1.
Describe the major physical regions and climates of Austria, Germany,
and Switzerland and understand their importance for tourism.
2.
Recognise that the strength of the economies of the three countries
encourages demand for outbound tourism but their reputation as
expensive destinations deters inbound tourism.
3.
Recognise the special contribution of Austria and Germany to world
culture and the importance of the cultural heritage.
4.
Appreciate the importance of winter sports tourism to the Alpine region
and its environmental impact.
5.
Understand that stagnating demand for tourism to Austria, Germany and
Switzerland has led to a restructuring of the national tourism
organisations.
6.
Describe the main features of the tourism industries in the three
countries.
7.
Demonstrate a knowledge of the tourist regions, resorts, business
centres, and tourist attractions of Austria, Germany and Switzerland.
Austria, Germany and
Switzerland: Introduction
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Key position in central Europe
North German Plain
Central Uplands
Alps
Mainly continental climate
Federal republics
Strong economies
Austria
Demand
• Domestic and
outbound
• Inbound
Supply
• Transport
• Accommodation
• Organisation
Resources
• The Tyrol
• Vorarlberg
• Salzburg/ Salzkammergut
• Styria
• Carinthia
• Danube
• Vienna
Switzerland: Introduction
• Tourism developed early due to:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Transit visitors
Travellers early attraction to �romantic’ alps
Transport developments
Health tourism
Winter sports
Trading centre
Switzerland
Demand
• Domestic and
outbound
• Inbound
Supply
• Transport
• Accommodation
• Organisation
Resources
• Bernese Oberland
• The Valais
• Lake Lucerne
• The Grisons
• Lake Geneva
• The Ticino
• The Mittelland
• The Jura
Germany
• No tourism image
• Division of east and west
• Fall of the Berlin Wall, 1989
Germany
Demand
• Domestic and outbound
• Inbound
Supply
• Transport
• Accommodation
• Organisation
Germany: Resources
North
• North Sea Coast
• Baltic Coast
• Hamburg
• Bremen
• Hanover
Central Germany
• Harz Mountains
Rhineland
• Dusseldorf
• Cologne
• Bonn
• Frankfurt
South
• Black Forest
• Romantic Road
• Bavarian Alps
• Munich
Germany: Resources
Eastern Germany
• Leipzig
• Dresden
• Berlin
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