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Democracy
Greek demos - “the people”
kratein - “to rule”
political system in which the people of a
country rule through any form of government
they choose to establish
The major features of modern democracy
include
individual freedom, which
entitles citizens to the liberty
and responsibility of shaping
their own careers and
conducting their own affairs;
equality before the law;
universal suffrage and
education.
delegating the power to govern
to their elected representatives
[in`taitl] – давать право
[`kondәkt ә`feә] – управлять делами
[i:`kwoliti] – равенство
[`s/\fridз] – избирательное право
Does “democracy” really mean it?
People do what they want.
All people and authorities follow the constitution.
People rule the country.
People elect their representatives to rule the country.
People do what they want within the framework of
the law.
People say what they think.
People elect the head of the state directly.
Political systems
Monarchy
a constitutional monarchy
(a parliamentary democracy)
a federal
(presidential)
republic
monarchy
form of government in which one person
has the hereditary right to rule as head of
state during his or her lifetime
[hi`reditri] - наследственный
Monarchs include such rulers as kings and
queens, emperors and empresses, czars,
and kaisers.
[`emprә] – император
[`kaizә] - кайзер
[di`næstik] – династический
[meil di`sendәnt] – потомок
мужского пола
European monarchies were dynastic, with
the throne usually being passed on to the
eldest son or nearest male descendant.
constitutional (parliamentary)
monarchy
The constitution limits the power
of the Crown and gives a
considerable share of political
power to the people.
The monarch reigns with the
support of Parliament.
The monarch takes no part in the
decision-making process.
Everything is done on the advice
of the elected Government.
[rein] - царствовать
federal (presidential) republic
is a federal union of states with a
republican form of government.
The head of state is termed
president.
is appointed as the result of an
election.
If the head of state of a republic is
at the same time the head of
government, this is called a
presidential system.
The Queen
President
Prime Minister
Ministers
Lawmakers
Members of the opposition
The United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland
Government
Parliament
The House of Lords
The House of Commons
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