LGBT Domestic Abuse Cat Everett Domestic and Sexual Abuse Caseworker Galop: who are we? вЂў The only pan-London LGBT anti-violence вЂў вЂў вЂў charity Developed from grassroots campaign on policing and hate crime Grounded in direct work with victims of homophobic and transphobic hate crime, domestic and sexual abuse Work in partnership with other voluntary and statutory organisations but we are independent from the police Key Galop projects вЂў Pan-London hate crime project вЂў DAP - London LGBT Domestic Abuse вЂў вЂў вЂў Partnership (including Broken Rainbow, Pace, Stonewall Housing and Switchboard) Young PersonвЂ™s Domestic Abuse Project Shine Project (Trans inclusive work) Sexual violence/abuse project What we do вЂў Advice, support and advocacy вЂў Non-police (third party) reporting via вЂў вЂў telephone, face-to-face and on-line Campaigns around LGBT violence and abuse, strategic role on LGBT community safety in London Research: Shine@Galop, Filling in the Blanks My role вЂў Funded by Comic Relief until 2013 вЂў I work 3 days a week with young people вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў (under 25) вЂ“ remaining time with those of all ages I work with clients who have experienced sexual and domestic abuse Advice, information, advocacy Emotional support On going case work Key issues for my clients вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Housing Civil law Criminal law Safety planning Risk assessments Referrals/signposting LGBT Domestic Abuse: key issues Myths around LGBT domestic abuse вЂў It doesnвЂ™t happen to LGBT people вЂў Any abuse is mutual; itвЂ™s not about power and control вЂў The victim/survivor and perpetrator can be identified on physical presentation вЂў If it does happen, it is easier for LGBT people to leave an abusive relationship вЂў The law does not protect LGBT people Facts and figures вЂў Similar prevalence among LGB people to heterosexual women вЂў Limited research into the experience of trans people вЂў Lesbian and bi women at risk from former heterosexual partners вЂў Under-reported вЂў When reported, this is often providers other than the Police and/or domestic abuse and LGBT services LGBT DA: key issues Issues that may have an impact include: вЂў Accessing support requires вЂ�coming outвЂ™ вЂў Real or perceived homo/bi/transphobia вЂў Potential for isolation вЂ“ Arising from homo/bi/transphobia вЂ“ Alienation from families of origin вЂў Silence around sexual violence вЂў Housing and refuge provision for LGBT people вЂ“ Accessibility & secondary victimisation вЂў Access to role models вЂў Potential for unique forms of abuse Unique forms of abuse вЂў вЂ�OutingвЂ™ (or threats) about sexual orientation/gender identity вЂў вЂ�Identity abuseвЂ™ вЂ“ Reinforcing fears that no one will help вЂ“ Undermining someone's sense of identity вЂ“ Refusing to use preferred pronoun or name вЂ“ Withholding/destroying medication, hormones, clothes вЂ“ Normalising abuse in LGBT relationships вЂ“ Controlling access to social networks вЂў First same-sex relationship вЂў Identity of perpetrator(s) вЂ“ Former heterosexual partner вЂ“ Family and so-called honour based violence Trans domestic abuse вЂў Criticising body, clothing or voice вЂў Destroying or withholding clothing, medication, cosmetics etc вЂў Criticising for not being a вЂ�real man or womanвЂ™ вЂў Assaulting surgically or medically altered body parts вЂў Forcing to expose surgical scars вЂў Exploiting internalised transphobia Power and control wheel вЂў вЂў Developed by Roe and Jagadinsky Adapted from the Power and Control Wheel developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project, 206 West Forth Street, Duluch, MN 55806 Assessing risk for LGBT clients вЂў Power & Control Wheel: a helpful tool for вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў identifying abusive behaviours CAADA-DASH RIC: Are you completing this? Minimization Beware of buying into myths & stereotypes Referring cases to MARAC Common forms of emotional abuse вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Isolated from friends regularly insulted/put down frightened by things your partner says/does told what to do/who to see isolated from relatives made to do most housework your spending controlled (men) your age used against you malicious/pestering phone calls your education used against you Common forms of physical abuse вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў slapped/pushed/shoved physically threatened kicked/punched restrained/held down/tied up stalked/followed by partner beaten up choked/strangled/suffocated locked out of house/room by partner hit with an object/weapon bitten Common forms of sexual abuse вЂў had sex for sake of peace вЂў touched in way that caused fear/alarm/distress вЂў forced into sexual activity вЂў hurt during sex вЂў 'safe' words/boundaries disrespected вЂў sexually assaulted/abused вЂў refused your request for safer sex Barriers to accessing services вЂў Lack of understanding and awareness from some service providers on LGBT community вЂў Concerns about real or perceived homo/transphobia вЂў Use of terminology (inc. use of pronouns) вЂў Relationship with perpetrator relate to employment вЂў Feeling that non LGBT-specific services are not for LGBT people Barriers to accessing services вЂў Little trust (understanding) of police вЂў Fear of going to court вЂў Already feel marginalised in the community вЂў Poor service from other providers вЂў Wider issues and complexities вЂў Lack of service provision- e.g. housing esp refuges Barriers to accessing services вЂў Feeling the incident is too minor to report or that nothing can be done- previous minimisation by professionals вЂў Not being taken seriously вЂ“ previous bad experiences вЂў Fear of reprisals from perpetrators вЂў Not wanting to disclose their identity or that they are victim of a hate crime вЂў Wanting non-CJS outcomes вЂ“ e.g. housing How to address barriers вЂў Are you asking? Do you monitor? вЂў Avoiding heterosexism: DonвЂ™t assume gender of partners вЂў Literature and advertising: is your service LGBT friendly? вЂў Training: being comfortable with LGBT issues вЂў DonвЂ™t buy into myths and stereotypes вЂў DonвЂ™t minimise experiences How to address barriers вЂў Allow victims time to talk, listen to them and take their experiences seriously вЂў Be mindful of identity issues when giving advice - not being afraid to ask others for advice вЂў Offer help to report incidents but explore this as one option вЂў Safety planning and help with non-CJS matters вЂў Signpost or refer to other agencies Questions вЂў Please feel free to ask any questions you have! Thank you!