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SM 629
European Policy and Practice
towards the Roma
Ilona Alexander, Laura Laubeova,
Lucie Cviklova & guests
Department of Public and Social Policy,
Institute of Sociology Studies, FSV UK
Summer term 2004/05
Course outline and lecturers
1. General background: Laura LaubeovГЎ, Lucie
CviklovГЎ
2. Policies towards the Roma: Laura, Slawomir
Kapralski, Eva Sobotka
3. Country studies: Laura, Lucie - field research,
Selma Muhic, Martina Kalinova
4. Conclusion: Michal VaЕЎeДЌka
Projct leader and student assessment:
Dr. Ilona Alexander
Syllabus & readings
http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/ik217/courseindex.html
http://tolerance.cz/courses/monnet/monnet.htm
ECTS Credits:
8 (six hours of work per week)
Assessment:
Three written AQCI’s
Written field work report
Research essay (up to 3,000 words,
due the first day of week 11 – 2 May 2005)
Attendance and seminar participation
30%
20%
40%
10%
AQCI
ARGUMENT- QUESTION- CONNECTIONS- IMPLICATIONS
1.CENTRAL QUOTATION
2. ARGUMENT
3. QUESTION
4. EXPERIENTIAL CONNECTION
5. TEXTUAL CONNECTION
6. IMPLICATIONS
Examples are available on the course web page.
Unit 1
Introduction to the course
and terminology
Laura LaubeovГЎ, 23.2. 2005
laubeova@chello.cz
Terminology
The Roma/The Romani people/The Romanies (12 m Worldwide)
Rom (sg. masc.) (husband) ; Dom, Domari
Romni (fem.),
Roma (pl.)
Or Romani (sg.), Romanies (pl.) accepted by Sinti (Hancock)
She is a Roma (sic.), Romani, a Romni
Romipen, Rromanipen
Gentiles: Gadje, gadjo, gorgio (gaujo, gawjo, gawja
Hancock)
Adjective
Romani (international documents), Romany (literature)
Language
The Romani language,
Romani,
Romanes (in a Romani way, Romanily)
Vakares Romanes? Do you speak in the Romani way?
Kiravel Romanes. She is cooking in the Romani way
Sanskrit origins:
1760 Valyi Stefan, Univ. of Leiden, NL
Vienna Gazette 1776,
Rudiger 1782, Grellman 1783, Marsden 1785
Introduction – cont.
Identity
– reflects attitudes of majority - Withdrawal and separation (protect values and culture)
- Internalisation of stereotypes
Culture & values - cleanlines, eating, treatment of animals,
funerals, sexual behaviour etc (Unit 2)
Romani organisations – Unit 3
IRU; Roma National Congress
ERRC, ERIO, ERF…..
The first World Romani Congress,
London, 1971:
16-spoked wheel as their international symbol,
flag (green and blue),
anthem (Roma arise),
proclaimed April 8 international Romani day
Roma as an ethnic group
• National minority (CEE), ethnic minority group (UK - RRA).
Community / communities.
• Roma (Rumungro, Vlach, Romanichal, Kalderash), Sinti,
Travellers, playground and circus people, bargee people,
new age travellers etc
• Gypsy is not a lifestyle but race/ ethnic group (Hancock)
• Minorities autochtonous, immigrant
• Roma as European minority/ Roma as European nation
Europe's largest transnational minority;
Declaration on "non-territorial" nation
Roma in society
Discrimination, racism, anti-Gypsyism, denial of racism,
reversed racism
Majority relations twds the Roma
(annihilation/extermination, persecution, segregation.
Assimilation, integration, accommodation, inclusion)
Major point of departures for Romani studies:
a) history – migration from India, early persecution in 1518 cent., assimilation under Habsburgs and in Portugal;
Porrajmos – Romani holocaust (0,5 m)
b) family and values;
c) Romani language, identity and self-determination of
Romani nation
But:
Multi-disciplinary approach
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Romani Studies / Romology
Linguistics (Indology)
History (of repression)
Cultural and social antropology / ethnology
Culturology, Musicology
International Relations (UN, EU…)
International law (HR, minority rights law)
Public and social policy
Political economy (WB, UNDP)
Sociology (power issues)
Social psychology (in-group, out-group dynamics)
Psychology (of prejudice) etc.
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