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Site Preparation and Planting Longleaf Pine Powerpoint

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Site Preparation
and Planting Longleaf Pine
Pat Minogue, Ph.D., R.F.
Assistant Professor of Silviculture
Natural Regeneration of Longleaf
Uneven aged Stands
Even Aged Stands
п‚— Group selection system:
п‚— Allows periodic harvests
while maintaining
continuous forest cover.
п‚— Groups of trees of various
sizes are harvested at fixed
intervals, every 10 to 25 years
(cutting cycle), to create
small openings which may be
regenerated by natural
seeding or planting.
п‚— Shelter wood system:
п‚— Maximizes seed production
and provides sufficient
needle litter to fuel fires hot
enough to inhibit hardwoods
and to prepare a seed bed.
п‚— Prep Cut- thinning to
stimulate seed production
п‚— Seed Cut- for good seed year,
burn before seed fall
п‚— Removal Cut- after adequate
seedlings established
Site Preparation Tools
п‚— Fire
п‚— Machinery
п‚— Herbicides
п‚— Hand Clearing
п‚— Grazing
Drum Chopper
Shearing
“Stinger”
Root Rake
Piling – Most common
Windrows
•Once common
•Provides good planting
access
•Relatively fast
•Topsoil movement
•Soil compaction
•Windrow on contour, reduce
erosion
•Burn in summer prior to
planting
•Loss of growing space
Burn windrows in summer
Pine plantation following windrowing
Savannah Plow
Flatwoods bedding following Shear-Pile
•One or two pass
bedding
•Done in summer
moths to allow
beds to settle
prior to planting
Site Preparation Burning
•Prescribed fire plan, plan ahead!
•Burning permit needed
• Parameters
•Wind
•Temperature
•Humidity
•Moisture
•Fuels
•Smoke management
•Temperature inversions
•Mixing height
•Fuel conditions
•Certified Burner Program
Good mixing height
1-Pass Disking and Ripping
Average Costs of Common Treatments1
п‚— Single Chop
п‚— Chop and Bed
п‚— All other Single Pass
п‚— Shear-Rake and Pile
п‚— Shear-Rake, Pile and Bed
п‚— Bedding
п‚— All other Multi-Pass
п‚— All Types of Mechanical
1Barlow,
$114
$114
$119
$171
$189
$174
$191
$157
et al. 2009, Forest Landowner Vol. 68, No. 5
Herbicide Site Preparation
“Get to the root of the problem”
• Manage brush and
herbaceous weeds
• Options with and
without burning
• Hand planting is
typical
• Spring, summer, and
fall treatment options
• Combined with
mechanical treatments
on poorly drained sites
•Costs $32-66 per acre1
1Barlow et
al. 2009. Forest Landowner
Before
After
Site Prep Herbicides- Most Common
Common
Name
Glyphosate
Trade Name
Manufacturer
AccordВ® XRT II, AccordВ® Conc.
Razor® Pro, Foresters’®
Dow AgroSciences
NuFarm
Hexazinone
VelparВ® ULW, VelparВ® L
PrononeВ®
DuPont
ProServe
Imazapyr
ChopperВ® Gen2, ArsenalВ® AC
PolarisВ® AC
BASF
NuFarm
Triclopyr
GarlonВ® 4 Ultra
TahoeВ® 4E
Dow AgroSciences
NuFarm
Metsulfuron
EscortВ® XP
DuPont
Most Common Site Prep Treatments
п‚—Spring Site Prep with VelparВ®
п‚—Upland Foliar Sprays
п‚—Flatwoods Foliar Sprays
Herbicide Site Preparation
Spring treatment with VelparВ® (hexazinone)
• Ideal for sandy
soils, mostly oaks
Aerial
• Soil active herbicide,
root uptake
• Requires rainfall to
activate
• Enhanced growth
with spring timing
Ground
Herbicide Site Preparation
Foliar sprays in summer and early fall
• Upland
sites:
Broad species spectrum
40 oz ChopperВ® Gen 2
+ 3 qts AccordВ® XRT II
Aerial
• Flatwoods:
Gallberry, Saw palmetto
32 oz ChopperВ® Gen 2
+ 3 qts GarlonВ®4 Ultra
Ground
Special Situations in Site Prep
п‚— Blackberry Control:
п‚— 32 ox GarlonВ® 4 or
п‚— 1 oz EscortВ®
Jim Miller
Sand Blackberry
п‚— Pine Control: Add
п‚— 2-3 qts KreniteВ® or
п‚— 2qts MilestoneВ®
5 qts AccordВ® + 3 qts KreniteВ®
Successful Longleaf Planting
•Good soil moisture
•Good site prep
Brian Cobble, DOF -machine planting
•Quality planting
stock
•Careful handling
of seedlings
•Proper planting
•Managing
competition
Forest Stewardship Program
Quality longleaf seedlings
пѓјRoot collar diameter
0.4-0.6 inch
пѓјStout tap root greater than
6 inches
пѓјAt least 6 lateral roots
greater than 6 inches
пѓјWinter bud with scales
пѓјAbundant large needles,
free of brown spot
пѓјUndercut well before
lifting
пѓјSeed source from same
region as planting
Brown Spot
Herbaceous Weed Control
in newly established longleaf pine plantations
 Widely adopted in the 1980’s
п‚— Longleaf seedlings come
out of grass stage faster
п‚— Spring application
(April-May)
п‚— 6-foot wide band over rows
п‚— Broadcast where rows are not
present or have vines, tall
weeds, difficult access
Herbaceous Weed Control
Check for new roots
Longleaf Pine
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
Apply mid-April to mid-May
Do not add surfactant
2 OustВ® XP + 24 oz VelparВ® L
2 oz OustВ® + 10 oz VelparВ® DF
12 oz OustarВ®
Pasture Conversion
п‚— 4 oz ArsenalВ® + 2 oz OustВ® XP
applied mid-may
п‚— Bermuda- Site prep first!
Sources of Additional Information
п‚— Forest Stewardship Program, School of Forest
Resources, University of Florida
http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/Extension/florida_forestry_information
/index.htm
п‚— Southern Regional Extension Forestry
http://www.sref.info/
п‚— Longleaf Alliance
http://longleafalliance.org
Patrick J. Minogue, Ph.D., R.F.
Assistant Professor of Silviculture
North Florida Research and Education Center
Quincy, FL 32303 pminogue@ufl.edu
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