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Smart Analytics

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This is smart Analytics!
This is Smart Analytics
• WalMart finding out what sells in a hurricane
• Netflix finding out what movies a customer might
want to watch
• An investor finding out anomalies exist in the stock
market in order to make a profit to his/her customers
• Amazon personalizing and customizing websites
• Sprint finding out that a customer might want to
drop its service before the customer even knows it
• Finding the best route for a packet in a network
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It helps Answers Key Questions
What movies (or books) customers would like to watch (or read)?
What movies to order from studio and how many?
Who are our best customers?
When is there a flu epidemic in region in the country?
Which customers are most likely not to have an accident?
When a customer is likely to jump ship & go to a competitor?
When should we tell a customer to quit gambling?
What is the one item you want to have in your store in case of a
hurricane?
What is the best criteria that predicts success when hiring a new Ph.D.
student to become a faculty member?
What is the one thing that will improve a lawyer’s chance to win a case?
What are some questions one can answer with a loyalty card?
What is the number one reason for the success of baseball player?
Why should you always defer to the 2nd half to get the ball in college
football?
Strategic factors for the use of Smart
Analytics
• More difficult to find and sustain competitive advantages
(geographical barriers gone, product differentiation reduced,
etc.)
• Becomes increasingly more important to execute on strategy
and become operationally excellent particularly in serving
customers
• Many more business are now data-driven (virtual companies)
• Speed of change and risk in marketplace
• Evidence of success by other companies (Monkey see ..
Monkey do)
Smart Analytics to the Rescue
But really what is this Smart
Analytics?
• Well academicians will say that Smart
Analytics is the process of collecting and
analyzing data in order to make better
business decisions, develop better products
and serve the customers better.
Smart Analytics is:
• It is providing the right information at the
right time to enable managers to make
informed business decisions
• It fact-based rather than gut based decision
making
You might be asking though
• Haven’t we always done made decisions
based on data?
The answer is:
• Yes and no!
– Yes, we are deploying process analytics to manage
some of our manufacturing facilities
– Yes, we are using basic data analytics in marketing
– No, we have not used it as a strategic weapon
Let me show you what I mean
• MONEYBALL
So in Baseball
• we have always used stats to manage the
game
– RBI
– HR
– Fielding errors per game
– Batting averages vs. right or left handers
• But what was missed is the one measure that
was most correlated with winning b-games
So what we have to do is identify
the key performance measures
that directly affect our strategic
objectives, track them and
identify those factors that affect
them using statistics and other
quantitative techniques
But why NOW?
Why is analytics becoming more
important now?
• Much more operational data is being created and captured
because of the use of technology (structured)
– Enterprise software
– ERP
– CRM
– SCM
• Much more unstructured data is being captured and stored (social
media data)
– Facebook
– Twitter
• Much more unstructured data being captured
– Web transactions
– Smart objects
Data Overload
Data Storage Terminology
How Smart Analytics works!
Strategic use of Analytics
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Strategic Employee Questions
Strategic Product Questions
Strategic Financial Questions
Strategic Customer Questions
Strategic Employee Questions
• Who are the most productive salespeople, employee?
• Who have the right skills for the next key product line?
• Which employees have the strongest customer
relationships?
• Which managers have the highest retention rates?
What do they do?
• Which hires work out the best (faculty)?
• What is our retention rate? Why do people leave?
• What is the cost of turnover?
• Why do people join the organization?
Strategic Product Questions
• What are our most/least profitable products?
• What are our production costs & how can we
lower them?
• What is our quality level & how can we
improve that (Fed Ex)?
• What is our cycle time & how can we lower it?
• What are the sources of product innovation?
• What impacts the demand of our product?
Strategic Financial Questions
• How accurate are the financial forecasts?
• How much financial data is used to answer
business decisions?
• What items are affecting our margins the most
(Wal-Mart)?
Strategic Customer Questions
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Who are the most/least profitable customers?
Who are the most/least satisfied customers?
What is fastest/slowest customer segment?
What type of ads bring most customers?
What is our customer experience like & how can
we improve it?
• What is the cost of customer acquisition?
• What are the reasons for losing customer?
• What are the costs of customer transactions?
Has this technique been successful
elsewhere?
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Revenue Management (airlines, hotels)
Logistics (UPS)
Customer turnover (Sprint)
Customer service (Hannah Casino)
Pricing (insurance)
Trading (financial institution)
Product selection (pharmaceutical companies)
Employee performance (baseball)
Dangers in Analytics
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Privacy
Security
Drawing decisions on incomplete data
Drawing decisions on inaccurate data
Using only data that supports our gut
decisions
• Drawing the wrong conclusion from the data
– Stock prices example
Analytic Tools
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Data mining
Statistical analysis
Predictive analysis
Correlation
Regression
Forecasting
Process Modeling
Optimization
Simulation
What it takes to succeed using this
technique?
• Your (Top brass) support and commitment and
desire to implement findings
• Collecting the right data (historical
perspective)
• Developing a Data Warehouse (all data in one
place
• Having a staff to analyze the data
• Managers that understand the business &
embrace managing by the numbers
Managing using Analytics
• The success of analytics can only be measured in
terms of how well they help the firm achieve their
strategic objectives
• So a managers role is to:
– Identify business goals
– Find the matrices that are correlated with achieving the
business goals
– Collect the data necessary to measure performance
towards goals
– Analyze the data
– Establish weights for the each matrix element
– Draw conclusion based on the information generated
Where do we go from here?
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