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Unit 4
AIX installation
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written permission of IBM.
5.2
Unit objectives
IBM Power Systems
After completing this unit, you should be able to:
• List the installation methods for AIX 6
• List the steps necessary to install the AIX version 6.1 base
operating system
• Install and understand all the options when installing AIX 6.1
from optical media
• Execute a network boot to use a configured NIM server
• Carry out post installation tasks
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installation methods for AIX 6
IBM Power Systems
• Pre-installation option (for a new system order)
• DVD (FC 3435) / CD (FC 3410)
• Network
– Network Installation Manager (NIM)
– Details covered in IBM training course: AIX Installation Management
(AU08G)
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
AIX installation in a partition (DVD or CD)
IBM Power Systems
•
Steps:
Assume a partition and partition profile has already been created.
1. Place the AIX DVD or CD in the drive.
2. Activate the partition to SMS and open terminal window.
3. Select boot device using SMS menus in the terminal window.
4. Interact with the AIX install menus.
•
Note, the partition must either:
– Have PCI slot which controls a drive which will read CD-ROMs
OR
– Be allocated a CD-ROM device though a VIOS server (as a
virtual optical SCSI device)
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installing AIX from CD/DVD (1 of 2)
IBM Power Systems
• Boot partition into SMS mode and select CD/DVD.
PowerPC Firmware
Version SF240_338
SMS 1.6 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2005 All rights reserved.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------Main Menu
1.
Select Language
2.
Setup Remote IPL (Initial Program Load) #then select the adapter & IP Parameters
3.
Change SCSI Settings
4.
Select Console
5.
Select Boot Options
Multiboot
1.
Select Install/Boot Device
Select Device Type
3.
CD/DVD
Select the
CD/DVD drive
from the list.
Select Media Type
9.
List All Devices
Select Device
Device Current Device
Number Position Name
1.
SCSI CD-ROM
( loc=U8204.E8A.65BF831-V11-C11-T1-W8200000000000000-L0 )
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installing AIX from CD/DVD (2 of 2)
IBM Power Systems
Select Task
SCSI CD-ROM
( loc=U8204.E8A.65BF831-V11-C11-T1-W8200000000000000-L0 )
1.
2.
3.
Information
Normal Mode Boot
Service Mode Boot
Are you sure you want to exit System Management Services?
1.
Yes
2.
No
• The system will now boot from the CD/DVD.
******* Please define the System Console. *******
Type a 1 and press Enter to use this terminal as the
system console.
>>>
1 Type 1 and press Enter to have English during install.
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installation and Maintenance
IBM Power Systems
• Main Installation and Maintenance menu
Welcome to Base Operating System
Installation and Maintenance
Type the number of your choice and press Enter.
Choice is indicated by >>>.
>>> 1 Start Install Now with Default Settings
2 Change/Show Installation Settings and Install
3 Start Maintenance Mode for System Recovery
4 Configure Network Disks (iSCSI)
88
99
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [1]: 2
• Best practice, always look first at the install options (2)
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installation and Settings
IBM Power Systems
• Installation and Settings menu
Installation and Settings
Either type 0 and press Enter to install with current settings, or type the
number of the setting you want to change and press Enter.
1
System Settings:
Method of Installation.............New and Complete Overwrite
Disk Where You Want to Install.....hdisk0
2
Primary Language Environment Settings (AFTER
Cultural Convention................English
Language ..........................English
Keyboard ..........................English
Keyboard Type......................Default
3
Security Model.......................Default
4
More Options
>>> 0
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Install):
(United States)
(United States)
(United States)
(Software install options)
Install with the current settings listed above.
Help ?
Previous Menu
+----------------------------------------------------|
WARNING: Base Operating System Installation will
|
destroy or impair recovery of ALL data on the
|
destination disk hdisk0.
>>> Choice [0]:
• Let's explore each option in more detail.
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Method of installation
IBM Power Systems
• Choose option 1 for a fresh install.
Change Method of Installation
Type the number of the installation method and press Enter.
>>> 1 New and Complete Overwrite
Overwrites EVERYTHING on the disk selected for installation.
Warning: Only use this method if the disk is totally empty or if there
is nothing on the disk you want to preserve.
2 Preservation Install
Preserves SOME of the existing data on the disk selected for
installation. Warning: This method overwrites the usr (/usr),
variable (/var), temporary (/tmp), and root (/) file systems. Other
product (applications) files and configuration data will be destroyed.
3 Migration Install
Upgrades the Base Operating System to the current release.
Other product (applications) files and configuration data are saved.
88
99
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [1]:
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installation disks
IBM Power Systems
• Select disks to be used for the installation.
Change Disk(s) Where You Want to Install
Type one or more numbers for the disk(s) to be used for installation and press
Enter. To cancel a choice, type the corresponding number and Press Enter.
At least one bootable disk must be selected. The current choice is indicated
by >>>.
Name
>>>
>>>
1
2
3
4
0
55
66
77
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hdisk0
hdisk1
hdisk2
hdisk3
Location Code
none
none
none
none
Size(MB)
6528
6528
6528
6528
VG Status
rootvg
rootvg
none
none
Bootable
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Continue with choices indicated above
More Disk Options
Devices not known to Base Operating System Installation
Display More Disk Information
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [0]:
Name
>>>
1
2
3
4
No
No
No
No
Note: Some SAN
disks may appear
non-bootable. If
so, change the
setting on the disk
subsystem for the
LUNs.
Device Adapter Connection Location
or Physical Location Code
hdisk0
U9113.550.65F2E7F-V11-C2-T1-L810000000000
hdisk1
U9113.550.65F2E7F-V11-C2-T1-L820000000000
hdisk2
U9113.550.65F2E7F-V11-C6-T1-L830000000000
hdisk3
U9113.550.65F2E7F-V11-C6-T1-L810000000000
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Set Primary Language Environment
IBM Power Systems
• Default language environment is en_US (US English)
Set Primary Language Environment
Type the number for the Cultural Convention (such as date, time, and
money), Language, and Keyboard for this system and press Enter, or type
159 and press Enter to create your own combination.
Cultural Convention
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
>>> 10
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C (POSIX)
Albanian
Arabic (Algeria)
Arabic (Bahrain)
Arabic (Egypt)
Arabic (Jordan)
Arabic (Kuwait)
Arabic (Lebanon)
Arabic (Morocco)
MORE CHOICES...
Language
C (POSIX)
English (United
English (United
English (United
English (United
English (United
English (United
English (United
English (United
Keyboard
States)
States)
States)
States)
States)
States)
States)
States)
C (POSIX)
Albanian
Arabic (Algeria)
Arabic (Bahrain)
Arabic (Egypt)
Arabic (Jordan)
Arabic (Kuwait)
Arabic (Lebanon)
Arabic (Morocco)
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [10]:
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Security Models
IBM Power Systems
• These settings are beyond the scope of this class. They are
covered in IBM training course: AIX Security (AU47G).
• Security models are all set to NO by default.
Security Models
Type the number of your choice and press Enter.
1. Trusted AIX............................................. No
2. Other Security Options (Trusted AIX and Standard)
Security options vary based on choices.
LSPP, SbD, CAP/CCEVAL, TCB
1. Secure by Default....................................... No
2. CAPP and EAL4+ Configuration Install.................... No
3. Trusted Computing Base Install.......................... No
>>> 0
88
99
Continue to more software options.
Help ?
Previous Menu
>>> Choice [0]:
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Software install options
IBM Power Systems
• Further install / software options
Install Options
1.
2.
3.
4.
Graphics Software................................................
System Management Client Software................................
Create JFS2 File Systems.........................................
Enable System Backups to install any system......................
(Installs all devices)
>>> 5.
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Install More Software
Install More Software
1. Firefox (Firefox CD).............................. No
2. Kerberos_5 (Expansion Pack)....................... No
3. Server (Volume 2)................................. No
0
88
99
Install with the current settings listed above.
Help ?
Previous Menu
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Install summary and installation
IBM Power Systems
Overwrite Installation Summary
Disks: hdisk0
Cultural Convention: en_GB
Language: en_US
Keyboard: en_GB
JFS2 File Systems Created: Yes
Graphics Software: Yes
System Management Client Software: Yes
Enable System Backups to install any system:
Yes
Optional Software being installed:
>>> 1
Continue with Install
+----------------------------------------------------88 Help ?
|
WARNING: Base Operating System Installation will
99 Previous Menu |
destroy or impair recovery of ALL data on the
|
destination disk hdisk0.
>>> Choice [1]:
Installing Base Operating System
Please wait...
Approximate
% tasks complete
3
Elapsed time
(in minutes)
0
Making logical volumes
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Accept License Agreements
IBM Power Systems
Software License Agreements
Show Installed License Agreements
Accept License Agreements
Accept License Agreements
Type or select values in entry fields.
Press Enter AFTER making all desired changes.
ACCEPT Installed License Agreements
[Entry Fields]
yes
+
Software Maintenance Agreement
View Software Maintenance Terms and Conditions
Accept Software Maintenance Terms and Conditions
Accept Software Maintenance Terms and Conditions
Type or select values in entry fields.
Press Enter AFTER making all desired changes.
ACCEPT Software Maintenance Agreements?
[Entry Fields]
yes
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
+
AIX installation: Post steps
IBM Power Systems
• Post-install tasks:
– Accept the license agreement.
– Optional. Using the installation assistant:
• Set root password
• Set date and time
• Configure network
– Exit from installation assistant
– Update for the operating system to the latest TL and SP level
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Installation assistant and login
IBM Power Systems
Installation Assistant
Move cursor to desired item and press Enter.
Set Date and Time
Set root Password
Configure Network Communications
Install Software Applications
Using SMIT (information only)
Tasks Completed - Exit to Login
Note: No root
password is set by
AIX Version 6
default, if it is not set
Copyright IBM Corporation, 1982, 2008.
Console login: root
using the Installation
*******************************************************************************
Assistant
*
*
*
*above.
* Welcome to AIX Version 6.1!
*
*
*
*
*
* Please see the README file in /usr/lpp/bos for information pertinent to
*
* this release of the AIX Operating System.
*
*
*
*
*
*******************************************************************************
#
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
AIX installation in a partition using NIM: NIM overview
IBM Power Systems
• What is NIM?
– Centralized Installation and Management of AIX over a network
LPAR 4
Client
Systems
LPAR 1
NIM Server
Public/Open
network
LPAR 2
LPAR 3
NIM resources
lpp_source
SPOT
LPAR 4
Client Definitions
LPAR1
LPAR2
…
Actions:
• Resources are allocated to Clients
• Clients are set for a BOS operation
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
AIX installation in a partition using NIM:
Configuration steps
IBM Power Systems
Assume a partition and partition profile have been created.
• Setup and configure the NIM master to support a BOS
installation of your machine.
• Activate the partition using SMS boot mode.
• Specify the IP parameters for a network boot.
• Configure the partition to boot from the network adapter.
• Interact with AIX installation menus, if required (depends on
NIM configuration).
• Note:
– Subsequent installs and updates for the same partition can be initiated
from the NIM master.
– A mksysb restore example is provided in a later unit (Backup and
Restore).
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (1 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
Select the Setup Remote IPL option:
PowerPC Firmware
Version EL320_040
SMS 1.7 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2007 All rights
-------------------------------------------------------Main Menu
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select Language
Setup Remote IPL (Initial Program Load)
Change SCSI Settings
Select Console
Select Boot Options
-------------------------------------------------------Navigation Keys:
X = eXit System Management Services
------------------------------------------------------В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (2 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
Choose the network adapter:
PowerPC Firmware
Version EL320_040
SMS 1.7 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2007 All rights
---------------------------------------------------------NIC Adapters
Device
1. Port 1 - IBM 2 PORT 10/100/100
T1
2. Port 2 - IBM 2 PORT 10/100/100
T2
Location Code
U78A0.001.DNWGCP5-P1-C4U78A0.001.DNWGCP5-P1-C4-
---------------------------------------------------------Navigation Keys:
X = eXit System Management Services
--------------------------------------------------------В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (3 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
Select the Network service
PowerPC Firmware
Version EL320_040
SMS 1.7 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2007 All rights
--------------------------------------------------------Select Network Service
Port 1 - IBM 2 PORT 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter: U78A0.001.DNGWCP5-C1-C4-
1. BOOTP
2. ISCSI
--------------------------------------------------------Navigation Keys:
X = eXit System Management Services
--------------------------------------------------------В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (4 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
Set up the IP parameters, the adapter configuration
options, then perform the ping test:
PowerPC Firmware
Version EL320_040
SMS 1.7 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2007 All rights
--------------------------------------------------------Network Parameters
Port 1 - IBM 2 PORT 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter: U78A0.001.DNGWCP5-C1-C4-
1.
2.
3.
4.
IP Parameters
Adapter Configuration
Ping Test
Advanced Setup: BOOTP
--------------------------------------------------------Navigation Keys:
X = eXit System Management Services
--------------------------------------------------------В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (5 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
IP parameters:
PowerPC Firmware
Version EL320_040
SMS 1.7 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2007 All rights
--------------------------------------------------------IP Parameters
Port 1 - IBM 2 PORT 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter: U78A0.001.DNGWCP5-C1-C4-
1.
2.
3.
4.
Client IP Address
Server IP Address
Gateway IP Address
Subnet Mask
[10.6.103.64]
[10.6.103.1]
[10.6.103.254]
[255.255.255.0]
--------------------------------------------------------Navigation Keys:
X = eXit System Management Services
--------------------------------------------------------В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (6 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
Adapter configuration:
PowerPC Firmware
Version EL320_040
SMS 1.7 (c) Copyright IBM Corp. 2000,2007 All rights
--------------------------------------------------------IP Parameters
Port 1 - IBM 2 PORT 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter: U78A0.001.DNWGCP5-P1-C4
1.
2.
3.
Speed,Duplex
Spanning Tree Enabled
Protocol
Disable Spanning Tree
for faster operation
--------------------------------------------------------Navigation Keys:
X = eXit System Management Services
--------------------------------------------------------В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Network boot (7 of 7)
IBM Power Systems
• When remote IPL is configured, perform the ping test
–
If ping is unsuccessful:
•
•
Is NIM server on network?
Check IP Parameters screen for mistakes
– Is gateway correct and available?
•
Try again
• Return to SMS Select Boot Options menu
–
Select the network adapter as the Install/Boot Device
• Exit from SMS initiates network boot.
• AIX Install and Maintenance menu processing is the same as
previously described.
• NIM can have unattended install with no console interaction
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Checkpoint
IBM Power Systems
1.
AIX 6 can be installed from which of the following?
(Select all that are correct)
a.
b.
c.
d.
8 mm tape
optical media-ROM
Diskette
NIM Server
2.
True or False: A Preservation install preserves all data
on the disks.
3.
What is the console used for during the installation
process?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Checkpoint solutions
IBM Power Systems
1. AIX V6.1 can that be installed from which of the following?
(Select all that are correct)
a.
b.
c.
d.
8 mm tape
CD-ROM
Diskette
NIM Server
2. True or False: A Preservation install preserves all data on the
disks.
Preserves some of the existing data on the disk selected for
installation. This method overwrites the user (/usr), variable
(/var), temporary (/tmp), and root (/) file systems. Other
product application files and configuration data are destroyed.
3. What is the console used for during the installation process?
The console is used to display all the system messages and to
interact with the installation.
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Exercise 4
IBM Power Systems
AIX
installation
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
Unit summary
IBM Power Systems
Having completed this unit, you should be able to:
• List the installation methods for AIX 6
• List the steps necessary to install the AIX version 6.1 base
operating system
• Install and understand all the options when installing AIX 6.1
from optical media
• Execute a network boot to use a configured NIM server
• Carry out post installation tasks
В© Copyright IBM Corporation 2009
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