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social - HCI-poly

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Chapter 4:
1
A fundamental aspect of everyday life is
being
social,
interacting
with
each
other,
updating each other about news, changes and
developments, activities and events.
2
* There are many kinds of sociality.
* We will focus on:
* how people communicate and collaborate in
their social, work, and every day lives.
* How technologies has changed the way people
live in their:
* Face to face interaction.
* Computer-based conversation.
3
*Can we imagine that we cannot access
to our mobiles or internet for a week?
*How would we cope?
*Would we feel isolated and wondering
what is happening in our social network
life?
4
In this chapter I will focus on:
* How people communicate & collaborate in their
social every day lives.
* How the communication technologies has changed
the way people live.
* The conversation mechanism that people use in
face to face interaction, and how these changed for
different kind of computer-based conversation.
* The idea of “Telepresence”.
* Technologies that have been developed to allow
new form of interaction.
* Social phenomena that emerged as a result of the
use of social media.
5
* A fundamental aspect of everyday life is being
social and interacting with each other.
* We continuously update each other about
news, changes, activities, etc.
* While face to face conversation remain central
to many of our social interaction. The use of
social media has dramatically increased.
6
* How do we cope with the dramatic increase in
networking in our daily lives?
* Are the ways we live and interact with each
other changing?
* Are the rule & etiquette that we used in our
face to face conversation applicable to online
social behavior?
7
Talking is something that is effortless and
comes naturally to most people..
8
* Sacks et al. (1978) work on conversation
analysis describe three basic rules:
Rule 1: The current speaker chooses the next
speaker by asking an opinion, question, or request.
Rule 2: Another person decides to start speaking.
Rule 3: The current speaker continues talking.
9
A new way to communicate
• Form of online conversation was launched in 2009 by
a 17 year old Russian high school student.
• A person can connect for a chat conversation with a
stranger from anywhere in the world via a webcam.
10
conversations when people are �at a
distance’ from each other.
11
* Telephone: was invented in the nineteenth
century: Enabling two people to talk to each
other at a distance.
* After that, many technologies have been
developed that support remote conversation
“videophones & videochat”
* In the late 1980s – 1990s, new generation of
media space were developed, where Audio,
video and computer systems were combined.
12
* VideoWindow (1989):
Shared space that allowed people 50 miles
apart to carry on a conversation as if in same room
drinking coffee together.
* Skype:
Become a household name and one of the
most popular forms of online conversation worldwide.
13
* Second Life:
3D virtual life, which is popular type for
work, studying, and play. Where people meet,
do some activities and socialized online.
http://secondlife.com/whatis/?lang=en-US
* Twitter & Facebook:
People update their multiple friends and
followers, continuously, while keeping know
what they are doing.
14
Technology that design to allow a person
to feel as they were present, or to give the
appearance that they were present in the other
location by projecting their body movements,
actions and facial expressions to the other
location person.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rcfNC_x0VvE
15
* http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xgu5f0_ci
sco-s-charles-stucki-on-the-uses-oftelepresence_tech
* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HkSCRwUf0
KE
16
* Clearboard (1993): Transparent board
that shows other person’s facial expression on
your board as you draw.
17
* Hypermirror (1998):
Allows people to feel as if they are in the
same virtual place even though in physically
different spaces.
http://staff.aist.go.jp/morikawa.osamu/html/h
mfukui.mpg
18
* Telepresence rooms:
Try make the remote people appear
to
be
life-like
definition
by
cameras
using
with
multiple
high
eye-tracking
features and directional microphones.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAIDXz
v_fKA
19
*Another approach of increasing the sense
of presence & togetherness for people
who are at distance:
CuteCircuit’s “Hug Shirt”.
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discover
y/32392-one-step-beyond-the-hug-shirtvideo.htm
20
* Technologies
that enable co-located groups to
collaborate more effectively
“when working, learning and socializing”..
* Examples:
Smartboards, Surfaces, Wii and
Kinect
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73yDRm8K
aWY wii
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QjjkqBLRA
Lo&feature=related Kinect
21
* When people are working closely together they
talk to each other, issuing commands and
letting others know how they are progressing.
* Non-verbal communication is also used “nods,
shakes, hand raising…”
22
* Involves knowing who is around, what is
happening, and who is talking with whom.
* Peripheral awareness:
* keeping an eye on things happening in the
external vision.
* Overhearing and overseeing - allows tracking
of what others are doing without explicit cues.
* Situational awareness:
Being aware of what is happening around in
order to understand how information, events
and actions will affect on-going and future
events.
23
* Designing technologies to support
awareness:
Provide awareness of others who are
in different locations.
*Examples:
* ReacTable: Revolutionary new
electronic musical instrument designed to
create and perform the music of today
and tomorrow”.
*http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jo
UvqfxIqlU&feature=player_embedded
24
Example:
*
Catherina Fake, the co-founder of Flickr got off a plane
after a flight she took a photo of the baggage carousel with
her camera phone, and sent it to her mother who viewed it
a few minutes later on the web.
* The practice that showed was for friends to swap their
camera phones and take pictures of each other and then
compare them.
25
* This Example of social phenomena represent
how mobile technology are changing the way
millions of people keep in touch.
* The internet also has dramatically changed
how people find out about and inform others
about events, news and day-to-day activities.
* People now creating and increasing the amount
of digital content “photos, videos, music,
news, etc. and make it accessible to the world.
26
* Many of the web tools have been designed to
make it easy for anyone to try them out.
* Many of them also are freely available.
* It’s also about the social nature of human
beings.
27
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