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1984 George Orwell

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1984
George Orwell
Introduction:
•Literary Terms
•Academic Language
•Structure and Themes
Dystopian Novel
• Presents society as it should NOT be, as
opposed to a UTOPIAN, or idealized society
• Critical of existing society and serves as a
warning about where these societies are
heading
• You may have read Orwell’s Animal Farm,
Huxley’s Brave New World, or Lowry’s The
Giver
1984 is a Satirical Novel
• It uses SATIRE—the use of humor, irony,
exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and
criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly
in the context of contemporary politics and
other topical issues
Irony
• Verbal--the expression of one's meaning by
using language that normally signifies the
opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic
effect
• Situational--a state of affairs or an event that
seems deliberately contrary to what one
expects
Paradox
• a statement or proposition that seems selfcontradictory or absurd but in reality
expresses a possible truth
• Simple examples--memories or experiences
can be bittersweet.
An example from Orwell’s Animal Farm
• In George Orwell's Animal Farm, the words "All animals are
equal, but some are more equal than others" are part of the
cardinal rules. Clearly this statement does not make logical
sense. However, the point of a paradox is to point out a truth,
even if the statements contradict each other.
• Orwell is trying to make some sort of political statement here.
Perhaps it is that the government claims that everyone is
equal when that is clearly false, or perhaps it is that
individuals have skewed perceptions of what it means to be
equal. The interpretation is up to the reader to decide.
Source: yourdictionary.com
Paradox is abundant in 1984
• Beginning with The Party’s slogans:
– Ignorance is Strength
– War is Peace
– Freedom is Slavery
Take a few minutes to jot down your initial reaction or
thoughts about these statements.
Allusion
• Allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a
person, place, thing or idea of historical,
cultural, literary or political significance. The
author assumes that a reader would use prior
knowledge to spot the allusion, or make an
effort to conduct quick, informal research if he
or she suspects there may be an allusion, and
grasp its importance and connection in a
figurative manner within the text.
Background to Connect Allusions
• We are going to look at some historical and
political concepts that will help you as you
read 1984.
• Create a three column chart to take notes for
this section:
– 1 Small Column (about width of margin) with
names or terms listed on following slide
– 2 Equal Columns with the remainder of the page
with what YOU know/remember and what
OTHERS shared/reminded you of today
Historical References in 1984
1. Winston Churchill
2. Adam Smith
3. Joseph Stalin
4. Leon Trotsky
6. Hitler Youth
7.Gestapo/NKGB
8. Socialism
9. Communism
10. Totalitarian Rule
Structure of 1984
• Divided into 3 sections, plus and appendix
• Part 1: Introduces the characters, including
Winston Smith and describes his life and life in
general under control of The Party. Only Smith’s
feelings are revealed, as this is a 3rd person
limited-omniscient POV.
• Part 2: Orwell uses this section to advance his
political message and develop the
rebellion/conflict within the plot.
• Part 3: Details the “re-education” of Winston
Smith.
Potential Subject Matter for
Analysis of Theme
•
•
•
•
•
Alienation and Isolation
Loyalty
Appearance vs. Reality
Dehumanization
Individualism and Individual Rights Vs.
Collectivism
• Abuse of Power
Homework
• PRINT and complete the anticipatory guide from
the 12CP Documents subpage.
• Complete Parts I and II (but not III) which are
described at the top of the page.
• Part II should be typed but does NOT have to be
uploaded to Turn It In.
• Typed in a conservative, serif font, doublespaced, with 1” margins. You should get in the
habit of typing your name, date, class & period at
the top LEFT side of the paper.
Example
Jill Magnante
September 2, 2014
English 12CP, Period 3
The Power of Language
Indent and begin your response, which should be
Between 200-300 words.
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