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reported speach

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Reported Speech
• Original tense
• Tense in reporting
•
•
Past Simple
•
He said he worked for IBM.
Present Simple
I work for IBM.
•
Present continuous
•
Past Continuous
•
I am working for IBM.
•
He said he was working for IBM.
•
Present Perfect
•
Past Perfect
•
I have worked for IBM.
•
He said he had worked for IBM.
•
Present Perfect Continuous
•
Past Perfect Continuous
•
I have been working for IBM.
•
He said he had been working for IBM.
•
Past Simple
•
Past Perfect
•
I worked for IBM.
•
He said he had worked for IBM.
•
Past Continuous
•
Past Perfect Continuous
•
I was working for IBM.
•
He said he had been working for IBM
•
Will
•
Would
•
I will work for IBM
•
He said he would work for IBM
•
Be going to
•
I am going to work for IBM.
•
was/were going to
•
First Conditional
•
I will work for IBM if they give me a good
salary.
He said he was going to work for IBM
Second Conditional
He said he would work for IBM if they gave him
a good salary.
Time and place expressions if the context has change
• Original statement
• Reported statement
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Now
At the moment
Today
Yesterday
Last week/month/year
• Tomorrow
• Next week
• Here
• When the reporting verb is in
the present tense we do not
change the tense
Then
At that moment
On that day
The day before
The week (month, year)
before, the previous (week,
month, year)
• The next day, the following day
• The next week (month, year),
the following week (month,
year)
• there
Reported Questions
• He said to me,’’ I have seen you somewhere’’.
• He told me that he had seen me somewhere.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Are you Hungarian?
She asked me if (whether) I was Hungarian.
Have you been to Rome?
She wanted to know if (whether) they had been to Rome.
Nick asked, “Do you understand the words ?
Nick asked him (me, her, us) if he ( I, she, we) understood the
words.
• Where do you live?
She asked me where I lived.
• How old are you?
He wanted to know how old I was.
•
•
•
•
She said to me, ’’Don’t open the window, please’’.
She asked me not to open the window, please.
He said to the boy,’’ Wait for me here.’’
( to tell, to order, to ask,
He told the boy to wait for him there.
to request)
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